03.12.2021

How to remove the gap between the front teeth

What is the gap between the teeth – honey Shcherbinka, aesthetic dental defect or pathology? People to painlessly live with her all my life and succeed, example well-known personalities of show business – Alla Pugacheva, Vanessa Paradis, Madonna, Ornella Muti, Konstantin Raikin, Nikolai Karachentsov. But for some, it becomes the cause of complexes and insecurity. And someone faced with the diction, malocclusion and dental problems.

Important! It is difficult to predict how to behave in a gap between his teeth – just remain visible, will expand or turn into a serious problem for its owner. In order to properly assess the scale of possible consequences and complications, it is necessary to take advice of a dentist.

How is the gap between front teeth?

What we call a flaw in the language of dentists sounds like diastema (diаstema – in Greek – the span distance). In varying degrees, diastema occurs almost every fifth adult citizen of the planet, and every second child’s baby teeth.

Diastema is an abnormally large gap between the Central upper or lower incisors dentition. Its size can vary in the range 1 – 10 mm. But the most common cleft in the range of 2 – 6 mm. do Not confuse the diastema diaeresis, which is formed in any place of the dentition, excluding the Central incisors.

Important! The gap between the front teeth in adults and children in need of preventive examination by a dentist. With an increase of the pathological process, the specialist may recommend to remove the gap.

Is it possible to get rid of gaps between teeth?

In most cases, it is not only possible, but necessary to do. Modern dentistry has a wide array of methods to eliminate even a very large gap, regardless of the patient’s age and type of diastema.

The types of diastema

Faced with the problem of the gap between the front teeth, we must distinguish between false and true diastema.

  • About – found in children’s baby teeth. They change as the formation of the bite, she could walk independently.
  • True – diastema, formed after the change of milk teeth and shaping bite, i.e. in adulthood. Independently, a visible gap between the teeth of an adult, is here to stay and needs treatment.

On the structure of the cleft can be of two types.

  • Symmetrical – a phenomenon in which the cutters change location symmetrically to each other and conditional to the center of the dentition.
  • Asymmetric – defect in which one of the front teeth maintains their natural position, and the second deflected to the side, thereby forming a nick.

And given the direction of the vertical axis of the front incisors, the classification of diastemata will be next.

  • Lateral deviation of the crowns, where the roots are located in parallel, and the cutters are at odds with each other, forming a gap.
  • The lateral displacement of corpus – anterior teeth changing their location together with the root.
  • The medial inclination of the Central incisors crowns – the most difficult type diastem in which the offset exposed roots and teeth. Incisors can grow sideways or rotated around its axis.

Important! During a dental exam specialist studies and klassificeret diastema. Based on the complexity of the problem, the patient will be offered the most effective method of eliminating it.

Fixes gaps between the teeth

The correction of the diastema is elaborate process, whose main goal is to achieve the most smooth and perfect alignment of the Central incisors. Depending on the complexity of the problem and age of the patient, it may take 1 – 2 treatments, or last for several years. The most effective and widely recognized the following methods of correcting the defect.

1. Braces

To clean the slit of the patient can suggest the wearing of braces fixed orthodontic design that allows you to align the tooth row and give the correct position of the incisors. It is attached to the outer or inner side of teeth and can be completely invisible. The highest efficiency brackets demonstrate the age of 16 until the jaw bone is still not fully formed. Wearing braces adult patients is often unjustified, since after removal of the orthodontic system, the cutters may gradually return to its original position and re-shape the slot. The average cost of treatment was 30000 RUB.

The advantages of braces

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.

Disadvantages

  • Wearing time can reach 3 years.
  • Need a more careful and thorough care for the oral cavity.
  • Cannot be removed until the end of treatment.
2. Records

A removable dental prosthesis, the principle of which is similar to braces. Include “rakoobraznymi spikes” album, pushes the problem the cutters in the desired direction and gradually they in the right position. It is best to use plastics at an early age before 12 years, while the bone of the jaw and position of the teeth respond well to correction. The average cost of treatment was 30000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Can be removed.

Disadvantages

  • Suitable only for the correction of minor defects.
3. Kappa

Removable splint – orthodontic design, which is a kind of “covers”, worn on the teeth. Made using 3D technology, they have problem tools required pressure, thereby displacing them in the right direction. Consistently replacing Kappa in size, from largest to smallest, achieve elimination of the gap. The average cost – 150000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Can be removed.
  • Transparent aligners are invisible on the teeth.

Disadvantages

  • The cost of treatment.
4. Veneers

Veneers – retail, acting as a kind of lining material for the outer surface of the problematic tooth. Their installation allows you to close the gap, in the literal sense of the word. Made of modern, durable materials, they do not cause allergies and is completely invisible on the tooth row. The average cost of closure of diastema was 30000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials and colors of the veneers.
  • Quick visible results.

Disadvantages

  • Requires prior grinding of the cutters.
  • After about 10 years the veneer wears out and requires replacement.
  • There are contraindications bruxism, excessive tooth wear, extreme lifestyle.
5. Lumineers

Lumineers orthopedic pad, something like veneers. Like them, Lumineers are installed on the outer surface of the Central incisors and close the diastema. Aesthetic indicators are superior to veneers and can get a sparkling Hollywood smile. The average installation cost – 30000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Quick visible results.
  • The preliminary grinding is required.
  • The average lifetime of 20 years.

Disadvantages

  • There are contraindications bruxism, excessive tooth wear, extreme lifestyle.
6. Crowns

Crowns fixed prosthetic designs, fully covering the cutter that allows you to close the gap. They can be made of plastic, ceramic, metal or composite materials. The average cost of 1 crown – 20000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials.
  • Quick visible results.
  • Invisible on the tooth row.
  • Can be installed on damaged teeth (allowed up to 60% damage).
  • The average service life is 10 – 20 years.

Disadvantages

  • Requires prior grinding of the tooth.
7. Implants

Implants – non-removable orthopedic construction that is intended for prosthetics of missing teeth, which caused the formation of diastema. The implant is embedded in the rigid tissue of the jaw, replacing the roots of the tooth, allowing you to fully restore the functionality and aesthetics of the crowns of the problem cutter. The average cost of prosthetics – 40000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials.
  • Quick visible results.
  • Lifetime lifetime.

Disadvantages

  • Requires postoperative observation.
  • There are contraindications.
8. Cosmetic correction

This method is effective with a slight diastema. In this case, the dentist simply applies a small seal on the gap between the incisors, thus visually eliminating the problem. The average cost of closure diastema – 3000 RUB.

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • Quick visible results.
  • The absence of contraindications.

Disadvantages

  • Over time, fillings can change its color, disrupting the aesthetics of the dentition.
  • The average lifespan is 5 – 7 years.
  • It is necessary to control (reduce) the load on the front teeth at the time of biting.
  • The risk of dental caries at the junction of the incisors.
9. Art restoration

Unlike cosmetic correction, restoration more durable. In the process of restoration, the dentist builds tissue front teeth with a layered blend of composite materials. Solidification under the influence of ultraviolet light, they look natural as part of the tooth, and create the effect of tight clamping of the cutters. The average cost of such aesthetic masking of the defect – 12000 RUB

Advantages

  • Secure.
  • Effectively.
  • A quick visible effect.
  • The building visible on the surface of the tooth.
  • The absence of contraindications.

Disadvantages

  • It is necessary to control (reduce) the load on the front teeth at the time of biting.
10. Surgical plastic

Surgery is necessary in cases when the diastema is formed due to improper position of the frenulum lip. Low attached to the bridle just will not allow the incisors to close, and they form a slit. To correct a birth defect specialists perform plastic surgery of the frenulum – the distance between the front teeth is reduced in a natural way and they are in the right position. After surgical laminates may require the wearing of orthodontic appliances. The average surgery costs 7000 RUB.

Advantage

  • Secure.
  • Painless.
  • Effectively.

Disadvantages

  • The duration of the elimination of the diastema may take several years.

Important! The sooner is found incorrect location of the frenulum, the easier it is to correct the defect. Perfect for age 5 – 8 years. Held in this period, plastic bridles and promotes spontaneous closure of the cutters, without wearing prosthetic. At older ages, and, especially, in adult patients, the teeth need help – cutters it is necessary to direct and to bring with braces, plates and aligners.

The cost of removing the gap between the front teeth is formed on the basis of the following factors.

  • The complexity of the problem.
  • The method of elimination.
  • The cost of consumables and drugs.

In this table you can find the approximate prices of different ways of correcting the defect.

Solution

Price

Braces

From 16,000 rubles

Records

From 20000 rubles

Kappa

From 130000 rubles

Veneers

From 20000 rubles

Lumineers

From 20000 rubles

Crowns

From 18,000 rubles

Implants

From 30,000 rubles

Cosmetic correction

From 2000 rubles

Art restoration

From 10000 rubles

Surgical plastic

From 5000 rubles

Is it possible to remove the gap between the teeth at home?

No! From the gap between the front teeth can not get rid of on your own, using folk remedies, charms, and other “miraculous” techniques. The exception is about the diastema, which is in process of a growing of the child disappears on its own.

Important! You can’t tie the front teeth tight thread, trying to forcibly bring them to each other. In childhood this will cause incorrect formation of the jaw and the unnatural position of the teeth. In adults it leads to unsteadiness of the dentition. In patients of all age groups this way of elimination of a diastema can lead to the development of caries and periodontitis.

Why there is a gap between the front teeth

The formation of a diastema is affected by a number of adverse internal and external factors.

The next most likely causes of the cracks.

  • Genetic (hereditary) predisposition.
  • Too pronounced as the interdental papillae.
  • The correct position of the frenulum lip.
  • Late change of milk teeth.
  • Stunted growth and the formation of the Central incisors.
  • Partial or complete absence of teeth due to abnormal formation of the dental system.
  • Abnormal location of teeth.
  • Diseases of the gums.
  • The presence of supernumerary teeth.
  • Microdontia – the patient’s teeth are small.
  • Bad habits – razgryzaniya, sucking, etc.
  • Injuries to the anterior teeth.

Important! Faced with one or more causes of the cracks, should immediately to consult with the dentist.

How to prevent cracks in a child?

Caring parents need to adopt a few simple rules that will help to avoid the formation of diastema.

  • Regular examination at the dentist, which is especially important for the genetic predisposition of the child to the appearance of the cracks every 6 months.
  • Strict observance of rules of hygiene of the oral cavity.
  • Adequate nutrition of the child products with a high content of calcium, magnesium, fluorine, phosphorus, vitamins D, C, A.
  • Try to nip bad habits of a child sucking objects, fingers, razgryzaniya front teeth, pencils, seeds, nuts, etc.

Important! Earlier treatment to the dentist avoids the final formation of diastema and will help eliminate any defects of the dentition.

The consequences

To correct the diastema or not – a private affair of each patient.

But you must understand that its existence can have a number of undesirable consequences and complications.

  • The violation of the esthetics of the dentition.
  • The formation of malocclusion.
  • The diction.
  • The development of caries and periodontitis.

Not to mention the fact that the yawning gap between front teeth can bring its owner a mental and emotional feelings and cause the formation of major systems.

Important! Over time, even a slight diastema can increase in size and require its correction and treatment.

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2 thoughts on “How to remove the gap between the front teeth

  1. This blog is a new look at an old issue. Thank you! I am sharing this!

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