Typically the tooth enamel is white milky color and is translucent. But over time, under the influence of certain factors it can darken. It depends not only on the enamel, and from the properties of dentin that is visible through it.
Attributes of success in modern society is undoubtedly one of including white smile. But boast of natural white shade of teeth can not everyone. As a rule, to achieve it, resort to the whitening procedure. Below we’ll look at what color is optimal for teeth how to preserve teeth and why teeth in General can darken.
Young people have a denser layer of enamel, the teeth have an uneven surface. Consequently, the reflection of light from it may not be perfectly smooth. Thus, the tooth looks the brighter, the thicker the enamel on it and the more intense the relief. On the contrary, over the years, the tooth surface becomes smoother, the enamel layer becomes thinner. Dentin shines through all the more clearly, and its natural color is much darker than enamel and is grey, yellow or light brown.
Further, with age, the enamel becomes less, dentin also changes, and the teeth become darker from shining through red-brown pulp. While initially cutting edge of the tooth is always lighter than the area closer to the root.
Different shades of teeth and between them. For example, canines characterized by darker color than the incisors.
WHAT IS THE NATURAL COLOR OF THE TEETH
Speaking about the natural color of the teeth, you need to remember about the genetic and racial traits of the people. Representatives of various Nations have distinctive hints of a smile. So, it is revealed that the Slavs teeth have a reddish-brown, sometimes reddish-grey tone. Scientists determined that the environment in this case has less influence than hereditary factors.
A well-known stereotype of African-Americans have teeth much whiter than Europeans and Asians. However, it is not just against the dark skin, the smile looks more contrasty. The same can be seen on the example of just tanned people.
The experts of the American dental Association, by the way, I believe that it is best to undergo whitening teeth yellowish. Next in effectiveness is brown, and the most difficult to work with teeth gray.
HOW TO CHOOSE THE COLOR OF THE TEETH
Dentist-orthopedist in progress selects optimum shade for the prosthesis to match the color of natural teeth of the patient. If we are talking about making a full circuit or a fixed construction, the patient was given relative freedom in the preference in color. However, it is worth remembering that in this case, it is necessary to consider also the color of hair, whites of eyes and skin. Usually the teeth a lighter shade than the whites of their eyes, look unnatural and too stand out.
It is impossible to ignore and the material used to make veneers and crowns. Having the same color index, these designs are visually different in plastic, composite and ceramic-metal execution.
The perception of teeth color depends on the lighting. That’s why in the process of the selection of color for dentures or veneers have to comply with several requirements: the walls and clothes of the doctor and the patient should be neutral colors, lighting – natural. The fair sex is better to come to the reception without lipstick on her lips.
HOW TO DETERMINE THE COLOR OF THE TEETH
Making dentures, dental technicians rely on the color table, which is called a scale of Vita.
According to her, there are four basic colors:
Each of these colors has a gradation in scores from one to four in ascending order of intensity. For example, the index of A1 means that we are talking about the light shade in the reddish brown range. A2 – darker, and so on. Yellow tone corresponds to the letter B, grey, and reddish-gray.
WHAT SHOULD BE THE COLOR OF THE TEETH IN CHILDREN?
Healthy milk teeth have a clean, transparent white. Their development begins in the sixth week of gestation, and by the end of the ninth month, two dozen of the milk teeth is completely formed. Expectant mothers should carefully monitor their own health, and consult with specialists concerning admission of certain drugs, so as not to harm the baby. For example, if a pregnant woman takes tetracycline antibiotics, it contributes to staining of teeth and bones of the fetus.
Tetracycline accumulates in small the body and causes gray and yellow bands on the teeth of the child. The enamel in this case turns not only outside but inside as well, so further bleaching becomes difficult.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU CHANGED THE COLOR OF THE TOOTH
If you notice that the tooth has changed in color, as quickly as possible consult your dentist as this could signal the development of various pathologies.
- The blackening of the tooth may cause trauma, which in the field of pulp begin the process of ossification tissue.
- Seal with the metal content also can “obscure” the tooth. Such materials include silver, tin, mercury, zinc. Today they are obsolete and practically not used.
- In children darkening of a tooth can be caused by taking antibiotics at an early age.
- Smokers and workers in the metallurgical industry often have a brown-black shade of the teeth. Yellow speaks of the frequent use of coffee or tea. Products with a high content of coloring substances also act aggressively towards the whiteness of the teeth. Among them is the red wine, beet juice, berries. Sparkling water, in addition to the impact of dyes, and even softens the enamel.
SYSTEMIC DISEASE AND THE COLOR OF THE TEETH
Teeth can change their color and because of the number of systemic pathologies. So, if the exchange of fluoride in the body is disrupted, the enamel is occur light stripes or spots. The same happens when fluorosis. Heavy metal poisoning makes teeth gray.
If the teeth have gained a pinkish color, likely for their treatment, we used resorcinol-formalin mixture. Then you need to resort to indoitalian.
Chronic periodontitis, pulpitis or injury that was not cured in time, also lead to the fact that the tooth turns pink. If enhanced red tone, the reason may lie in the death of the pulp and a number of systemic diseases (cholera, typhoid, dysentery, etc.).
RESTORING THE COLOR OF TEETH
The doctor was able to properly and effectively restore the color of the tooth, first we need to know what reasons caused the darkening. Discovered pathology is required to cure or set in remission. Next, it is advisable to use a professional whitening.
There are other means, for example, special decorative coating. It is applied to the teeth in the morning and in the evening removed with a brush.
Of more radical methods – the installation of Lumineers. Unlike veneers, they are less transparent and therefore can neutralize any unwanted tone.
Thus, at your disposal a number of solutions to return the smile with natural whiteness. Consult your specialist and act.