Gingivitis is probably the most common in children disease of the oral cavity. In fact, it is an inflammatory process that develops in the gum for several reasons. In the age group of 2-4 years, this disease suffer only 2% of children, but by age 13, the proportion gets up to 80%.
When the baby cut first tooth, he was presented with a silver teaspoon, and along with first toothbrush. And rightly so – after all, the habit to follow the oral hygiene should be inculcated in the baby as early as possible.
Then it will help the child to avoid such widespread diseases as gingivitis.
Fortunately, the disease can be cured fairly easily, and cases of disease before serious consequences are rare. The main time to react to disturbing signals. If this is not done, the inflammation can “move” to other periodontal tissues to become chronic. The child may develop periodontitis.
THE EMERGENCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF GINGIVITIS
Gingivitis in children can develop due to several reasons, especially because the gum tissue in childhood is fragile and easier to influence pathology. It should be noted that the protective power of all children’s organism at a stage of occurrence of gingivitis is also attenuated.
Reduced immunity, typical of those or other infectious or allergic diseases, hypovitaminosis, or vitamin deficiency, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, endocrine and cardiovascular systems. Let us consider the main factors of gingivitis in children.
The vast majority of cases, gingivitis provokes microbial flora of the yellow plaque and Tartar. And all because the child is not accustomed to clean teeth properly, doing it carelessly and in a hurry. As a result, the microbes multiply rapidly. The toxins arising from their activities, give rise to inflammation.
MUCOSAL INJURY OF THE
The damage of mucous membrane in the oral cavity (scratches, prokusyvanie, burns, cuts, etc.) can also contribute to inflammation. Make sure that the baby did not play with sharp objects, as well as for the optimum temperature of his food.
Infectious gingivitis is a common form of the disease. If your baby has dental caries of deciduous or permanent teeth, it greatly increases the risk of developing inflammation. That’s why it’s so important to care about prevention of dental caries in children, and if it does arise – in a timely manner to treat it.
UNEVEN LOAD ON THE TEETH
Malocclusion, length of frenulum of lips or tongue, impaired chewing function contribute to uneven load distribution on the dentoalveolar system, and this in turn contributes to the development of gingivitis.
LONG TOOTH ERUPTION
A separate case – the gingivitis that occurs in the process of eruption of permanent teeth. During this period the child tries not to hurt toothbrush the painful part, why there is accumulating microorganisms. The result is inflammation.
THE SYMPTOMS OF GINGIVITIS IN CHILDREN
The first signal about the development of gingivitis in a child is bleeding gums. However, often this symptom is parents did not notice. And before turning to the doctor it comes at the stage of developed inflammation, accompanied by mouth odor, burning, pain and redness of the tissues. Sometimes these symptoms are accompanied by weakness and slight fever.
Most often occurs in children catarrhal gingivitis. In the chronic form it is long and sluggish, the child does not complain of pain, however, during brushing, it can occur. Cause of chronic catarrhal gingivitis is the same – the poor hygiene of the oral cavity. Among the external manifestations of the disease, the redness or blueness of the gums, edema, and sometimes ulcers.
Catarrhal gingivitis in the acute form develops due to injuries of the mucosa and can also be a symptom of allergies or a viral disease. Often, however, the exacerbation occurs in the period of teething, and also when they are replaced by permanent ones.
Ulcerative gingivitis can trigger hypothermia from too long walks or infection included in the kindergarten or school. However, as a rule, this disease is a continuation of the catarrhal form, the remaining untreated. Bleeding gums, itching and pain in the first symptoms of ulcerative gingivitis. Then there is redness, swelling, small areas of tissue covered with sores. If at this stage to ignore the pathology, it comes to ulcerative-necrotic gingivitis. Appears necrotic areas of the gums, a gray-green plaque, putrid breath. Intoxication of child’s body as a result of disease will lead to sleep disorders, pain, and problems during meals.
At the stage of puberty and hormonal abnormalities in children is more common in gingivitis hypertrophic form. Gingival tissue to grow, until a partial closing of the teeth crowns. Typically, the process affects both the gums, at least – only a small section (characteristic abnormal dentition).
Because of the quality of orthodontic treatment in children can develop atrophic gingivitis. Usually in this form the disease is localized at the bottom of the front canines and incisors. Inflammation in this case is not expressed, gums almost do not change color, and complaints of pain from a child does not arrive. However, over time the neck of the tooth is exposed (and sometimes even root), and appear painful. How to treat gingivitis in children
Treatment of gingivitis in children, in General, similar to those applied to adult patients. The only difference is in the drugs. The children provided the means softer impact.
First, a professional cleaning with the tooth surface removes hard deposits and soft plaque. For this purpose, as the mechanical effect and ultrasonic.
Then the doctor teaches the child proper hygiene, and advises parents on choosing the optimal toothbrush. It is desirable that the bristles of it was soft. In choosing a toothpaste attention is paid to the content of herbal extracts.
It is equally important for the prevention of gingivitis treatment of caries in children to correct the bite, to appoint antibacterial and anti-inflammatory medications.
Finally, we will need restorative therapy. It involves the intake of antioxidants, vitamins, products of metabolism.
Of course, careful observance of rules of hygiene and timely visits to a pediatric dentist are the main assistants in the fight against children’s development of gingivitis.