Hemangioma of the liver – a benign tumor that has a rather unusual nature. In many cases, under this name imply a number of different vascular neoplasms and neoplastic dysembryoplastic types.
Simply put, liver hemangiomas are composed of blood vessels that are incorrectly formed in utero development of the fetus. That is why the disease is a congenital and other causes not yet found.
Typically, such a tumor is isolated and has a relatively small size. In this case, the disease is in most cases asymptomatic. Many people are not even aware of the existence of such tumors. If you increase the hemangioma of the liver to large sizes begin to show its first symptoms. In this case, the patient needs urgent treatment.
The causes of the disease
Cavernous hemangioma of the liver is a vascular knot formed in the tissues of the body. Many experts believe that education is not a tumor, a defect in blood vessels. This view is substantiated by numerous studies confirming the hereditary nature of this disease. In some cases, the tumor may fill a large part of the body. Capillary hemangioma of the liver – benign neoplasm formed of arteries or veins. This disease is found in every fifth inhabitant of our planet, most often it affects adult women.
To provoke the rapid development of this disease can pregnancy and childbirth, and hormonal contraceptives. A tumor of this kind has a blood-filled cavities separated by partitions. Most often hemangioma of the right lobe of the liver, where it can be formed under the surface of the diaphragm.
The main symptoms of hemangioma liver
Tumors of small size usually do not cause the patient any inconvenience. The first signs of disease can appear in adulthood, when the tumor grows to a large size. The main symptoms of all malignant diseases are aching pain in the right side, the feeling of tightness of the abdomen. With further development of hemangioma of the liver the patient may experience jaundice and portal hypertension caused by compression of the bile duct and the portal vein.
Hemangioma of the liver of considerable size may lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In addition, the disease is dangerous because the tumor can rupture. This leads to the development of internal bleeding, leading to death,and thrombosis of vessels in contact with the tumor. The presence of a hemangioma of the left or right lobe of the liver increases the risk of cancer.
Most often to detect hemangioma in the liver is used ultrasound diagnostics. The most modern and accurate methods of determining the benign tumors are CT and MRI. If you suspect a patient has hemangiomas of the liver it is sent for angiography.
X-ray the doctor determines the state of the hepatic veins and arteries. In addition, the mandatory appointment of a General analysis of blood.
Treatment of liver hemangiomas in adults
If time does not start treating this disease, it can lead to serious complications. With the rapid growth of the hemangioma on the liver and the presence of pronounced symptoms the doctor makes the decision about surgical removal of the tumor. In the initial stages of the disease is possible conservative treatment, including hormonal therapy and radiolucency therapy. More modern methods of treatment are cryosurgery (destruction of the tumor low-temperature effects) and electrocoagulation (impact on hemangioma electric current of high frequency).
Before surgery, the patient must undergo a full examination. The operation is usually prescribed for adults only and in the presence of large tumors located on the liver surface and compressing the other abdominal organs. Biopsy if hemangioma of the liver does not – it can cause bleeding. Surgical intervention is not performed, if the tumor invaded a large vein and cirrhosis. Not be deleted, and multiple education, seized both lobes of the organ.
To treat a hemangioma of the liver in adults, you can use folk remedies. Oats is an excellent preventative measure. Cup oat pour 1 liter of boiled water and infuse for 10 hours. After this infusion bring to the boil and simmer for about half an hour. Then insist 12 hours, and filtered. Bring boiled water to the original volume and take in the course of the year, a course in 2 months.
Potato is another effective treatment for hemangiomas in adults.Raw potatoes need to eat half an hour before meals for 20-150 g. If raw potatoes causes a sore throat, eat it, washed down with carrot juice. Another effective means of treatment for the hemangioma liver in adults is chamomile. Been taking it for 2 months on 1 article a day. Treatment is carried out every six months.
Tincture of wormwood is very effective in the treatment of benign tumors of this kind. It can be purchased at the pharmacy or make your own.
Take half an hour before meals for 12 drops 3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts 2 months, then make a break in 1 month. Any folk remedy should be used only after consultation with the attending physician.
Hemangioma of the liver in children
The exact causes of this disease in children is unknown. It is believed that the disease the child is later transferred to the gestation period of influenza. Especially dangerous is the flu during the first weeks of pregnancy, when there is a bookmark main organs of the fetus. In most cases the disease is diagnosed already in the first days of life the newborn. However, the first symptoms appear only after a month, the tumor was growing rapidly for six months, then the rate of development decreases. In some cases, hemangiomas on the liver resolve as children get older, this distinguishes them from other tumors.
A special diet of hemangioma of the liver is not required. Diet in this disease involves the avoidance of heavy fried and fatty foods, smoked meats, pickles and preserves. You should not drink coffee, carbonated drinks, alcohol, ice cream, spices and sauces.
The development of the disease contributes to lack of vitamins, so include in your diet fresh fruits and vegetables, natural juices. Especially good for the liver carrot, beet, citrus fruits and strawberries.
To maintain the normal operation of the liver requires vitamin B12, found in fish, beef and chicken liver, dairy products. It is very important to follow the work of the intestines, preventing constipation.