Natural compounds, inorganic ions of nitric acid are called nitrates. These salts are found in water, soil, some foods in and of themselves are of no particular threat to human health.
However, their excretion of urine (the end product of metabolic processes in the body) they can be converted to nitrite. This process is facilitated by the presence in the organs of the urinary system pathogens causing infectious diseases of the urinary tract.
Many patients, after receiving the results of bacteriological studies of urine, surprised by the presence in their body of nitrates and wonder, “What does that mean?”
In our article we want to tell, what are the causes of high levels of chemical compounds in the human body, why appear in the urine nitrates and what needs to be done in this case.
Which means the appearance of nitrates in urine?
The presence of nitrate in the human body is considered to be the relative norm and is associated with daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, berries, processed chemical compounds, food additives and genetically modified foods.
Getting into the human body, nitrates in the blood stream are transported to the kidneys, where the blood purification from harmful substances. After the filtration process, salt of the nitrogen get into the bladder. In the microflora of the urinary tract of a healthy person does not contain pathogens.
However, in the presence of active growth of pathogenic bacteria in the bladder is released specific substances that convert nitrogen compounds into nitrite, high concentrations in the urine which may cause in the organs of the urinary tract infectious-inflammatory process.
Causes of increasing levels of nitrates
Fertile ground for the accumulation of harmful chemicals and pathogens creates dysbiosis (a disturbance of the microbial balance), the development of which contribute to a variety of diseases that weaken the immune system and taking antibiotics.
At risk of the maximum probability of occurrence of nitrates in the urine are:
- women (because of the anatomical structures of the urinary organs);
- men with chronic prostate diseases;
- patients with diabetes mellitus;
- a person with a history of urological surgery;
- expectant mothers.
To determine the presence in the urine of nitrates and bacteria, you can use a rapid test that can be done at home using special test strips
The results of the rapid method does not give information on the concentration of chemical compounds, the number of microbes and the site of their settlement. Therefore, for a more revealing study of urine is necessary General clinical and bacteriological studies.
As evidenced by the detection of urine nitrites?
The presence of nitrites in the results of the analysis of a child or an adult indicates the development in the organs of the urogenital system bacterial infections, it can become pathogens the following pathogens:
To establish an accurate diagnosis only by a qualified specialist – a urologist, who will conduct all necessary research (including a pelvic ultrasound)
Pathogens these bacteria produce enzymes that under the influence of which accumulated in the urinary tract and nitrates are converted to nitrites. The infectious process may affect any area of the urinary system. With the defeat of the upper divisions, the inflammation of the renal pelvis, infection of the lower division provokes inflammation in the urinary channel and bladder.
Very often, the nitrites are detected in a patient on the background of febrile fever, pain in the lower abdomen and problems with urination.
Symptoms of the presence of bacterial foci
Symptoms of bacteriuria do not appear immediately. Asymptomatic inflammatory processes leads to the transition of pathological processes in the chronic form. Urethritis – inflammation of the urinary canal is diagnosed in both men and women. Most often, the inflammation of the urethra is a complication of latent stage of infectious diseases of the genital organs.
Symptoms of urethritis are:
- frequent painful urination;
- burning and pain in the urethra;
- the appearance of abnormal discharge from the urethra;
- discomfort during sexual intercourse;
- change the transparency and color of urine.
Late diagnosis and inefficient treatment of the infection leads to the development of serious complications and need for surgical intervention.
The ureteritis – inflammation of the ureter, it is difficult to diagnose because of the “blurry” clinical manifestations. The infectious process is characterized by some changes of sediment urine the presence of pus, blood, fibrinous membranes.
Accurate diagnosis is based on clinical analysis, which revealed a large amount of nitrates and bacteria.
The development of cystitis – inflammation of the bladder wall contribute to poor nutrition, stress, vitamin deficiency, infectious agents, nitrates, which are an additional source of nitrites in urine.
In the diagnosis of this disease nitrite “home” test, the accuracy of which is about 70%, is of great importance.
Pyelonephritis inflammatory kidney disease of bacterial origin can often occur without significant clinical symptoms. Delayed treatment leads to the development of severe pathologies, including renal failure.
Most often the disease is manifested:
- high temperature;
- symptoms of intoxication – nausea, heavy sweating;
- painful sensations in the lumbar in the renal projection.
In the urine of a sick person reveal a greater concentration of nitrates, total protein, leukocytes, and erythrocytes.
When infectious-inflammatory diseases of organs of the urinary tract there is a high risk of developing serious complications – sepsis, abscess, or necrosis of the kidney. Them should treat a qualified doctor.
The appearance of nitrates in children’s urine
Upon detection of chemical compounds in the urine of the child is necessary to conduct re-analysis, bacterial culture and other tests in order to check the availability in the urogenital system baby bacterial infection.
The presence of significant amounts of nitrates in children’s urine requires consultation with a pediatrician about the diet of the child, it is possible that some products will be contraindicated
If the child is a comprehensive examination and diagnosis “Bacteriuria” means the presence in urine of the concentration of the nitrite and pathogens. This phenomenon entails the development of a complex inflammatory process.
To prevent the spread of infection to the kidney and the urogenital system as a whole, conduct a one-week course of antibiotic therapy. In addition, in the absence of allergic reactions, the child is recommended a specific diet, the main emphasis should be placed on consumption of boiled vegetables, dairy and meat diet.
Detection of nitrates in the male body
The rapid growth in the number of pathogenic bacteria and a high level of nitrates in the male body leads to an increase in the concentration of nitrite in the urinary organs.
Very often, this phenomenon leads to the development of inflammatory processes in the external genitals, the prostate gland and the urethra. The greatest danger is bacterial infection in the upper urinary tract to fight such diseases is much more complicated. That is why it is very important to pay attention to the health status and immediately begin effective treatment. Men are recommended at least once a year to undergo a comprehensive preventive examination.
The appearance of salts of nitrogen in the urine in women
Most often a high concentration of chemical compounds is observed in diabetes is the accumulation in the body, glucose provides fertile for the growth of microbes environment.
Interaction of nitrates with Escherichia coli, enterococci, staphylococci and other pathogenic bacteria to form nitrites. Their presence in the urine of women gives rise to a pathological process in the lower or upper part of the urinary tract.
Usually the presence of nitrates found in the result of urine analysis after treatment of women to the urologist with complaints of pain in the lower abdomen, discomfort during urination, high temperature.
The appearance of nitrates in the urine during pregnancy requires special attention obstetrician-gynecologist. For the diagnosis of undesired changes in the health of expectant mothers, including the increase of nitrate levels, before each visit the doctor must pass a clinical urine sample.
The presence of nitrites in the urine of a pregnant woman can lead to hypertensive crisis, metabolic disorders, intrauterine infection, birth of a premature baby
To prevent the spread of infection and development of the pathological process, the women need not be supercooled to fulfill all the requirements of hygiene, take vital minerals and vitamins to avoid stressful situations.
How to treat the presence in the urine of nitrates?
Medical therapy begins with proper nutrition – normal mode of meals has a huge impact on the health of the person. Plant foods, if possible, it is best to grow your own or buy them from manufacturers that are in production use minimum amount of fertilizer.
Vegetables and meat are best consumed in boiled or baked form. You must add to your diet more dairy products – milk, low-fat sour cream, cottage cheese.
For excretion of nitrates need to consume plenty of purified water. In the presence of the genitourinary system infectious and inflammatory process after the visit of an experienced specialist, need to take a course of antibiotics and vitamins.
It is important to remember – about their health need to take care of in a timely manner, and nitrates in the urine will not cause any concern.