Causes of burning during urination

According to statistics, a burning sensation when urinating in women occurs several times more often than men. But men are not immune from the emergence of this unpleasant phenomenon.

Painful sensations when passing urine are a symptom of many diseases.

So, the main causes of burning during urination in women is:

  • cystitis;
  • urethritis;
  • venereal disease;
  • progress of kidney stones or out of the sand;
  • tumors (cysts, polyps, etc.) of the bladder and urethra;
  • allergic reactions;
  • injuries to the pubic region and the urogenital canal;
  • kidney disease (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis).

In men, there are a number of similar reasons, as well as some features inherent only in the male body.

Prostatitis – the most common cause of a burning sensation in the urethra in men

Men burning during urination can be caused by:

  • urethritis;
  • trauma of the penis;
  • inflammation of the prostate gland;
  • cystitis;
  • abnormalities of the urethra (polyps, cysts, etc.);
  • tumors in the prostate;
  • diseases transmitted by sexual contact;
  • movement of stones or sand;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • external influence on the urethra (the friction of underwear, excessive use of intimate care products, etc.).

But it is worth considering that in most cases, burning feeling during urination is the only symptom. Usually the pathology it caused in parallel is accompanied by other more specific manifestations. Their combination gives the opportunity to make an assumption about the root cause of symptoms and correct diagnosis.

If burning is present not only at the beginning and the process of urination, and remains after him, the list of reasons a few changes (you can read about this in this article).


The disease occurs on the background of lesions of the mucosa of the bladder bacterial microflora. There appear inflamed, sometimes bleeding areas of tissue that causes a disturbance in the nervous regulation of the process of its emptying. It is characterized by the appearance of the urge to urinate without filling the entire volume of the bladder, frequency of urination in women and men is increasing, but the trip to the toilet is unproductive.

Cystitis in women occurs several times more often than men

Additionally present:

  • pain behind the pubic bone;
  • severe burning and pains when trying to urinate, especially at the end of urination;
  • the increase in body temperature;
  • the clouding and darkening of urine (sometimes with the presence of blood splashes).

Pain symptoms caused by involuntary and constant spasm of the fibres of the smooth musculature of the bladder and urethra.

Treatment of burning sensation when passing urine in case of cystitis is included in the complex of therapeutic measures is the appointment of uroseptic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, diuretics, and increase the total amount of liquid.

Cystitis in men occurs very rarely and usually present as a concomitant condition with other pathologies (prostatitis, pyelonephritis, etc.)

The child cystitis requires special attention to treatment to prevent the spread of the pathological process in the kidneys.


The urethra or the urethra, the inside is lined with a thin mucous membrane. It trauma or inflammation under the influence of microorganisms is called urethritis.

Most often the culprits of urethritis are colonies of fungi (for thrush), chlamydia, Staphylococcus, gonococcus and Escherichia coli.

Symptoms of urethritis can be considered:

  • burning in the beginning and in the process of urination;
  • clear discharge and a detachable cheesy or purulent character from the meatus;
  • redness and swelling of the urethra;
  • “sticking” the opening of the urethra for discharge. This symptom is typical for men and it occurs mainly in the morning after waking up.

If a bladder infection is fungal in nature, are likely to be additional symptoms of the infection in the form of candidiasis of the vagina and the glans penis (white patches, swelling, lesion of the mucous membrane of ulcerative character under a white coating, etc.). One of the distinguishing features of this type of urethritis is considered to be a constant feeling of itching in this region.

Urethritis is more common in men. This is due to the more severe clinical picture and the possibility of assessing the presence of symptoms. In women, this is physiologically impossible, so urethritis, they often misdiagnosed, as an attendant symptom of other diseases (e.g., cystitis).

If urethritis is necessary only comprehensive treatment

To treat urethritis after taking a smear from the urethra to determine the causative agent. Usually therapy includes antibiotic and uroseptic funds and urethral lavage with antibacterial solutions, the local application of various medicinal gels and ointments.


The prostate is the organ exclusively of the male body. It is situated near the urethra between the bladder and the external urethral orifice.

Inflammation of the prostate often is a bacterial process, which iron acquires a swollen appearance, and greatly increases in size. That’s why this, in turn, leads to partial or complete compression of the urethra, causing pain, cramps, burning when trying to urinate, unpleasant sensations can also be felt in the inner thigh, groin, and rectum.

Additionally, there are other symptoms:

  • frequent urge to go to toilet to urinate (due to incomplete emptying of the bladder);
  • of erectile dysfunction;
  • stream of urine during urination may disappear and reappear.

In the treatment of prostatitis the use of antibiotics, immune drugs, physiotherapy and various massage of the prostate.

Burning in the urethra while prostatitis occurs mainly at the beginning of urination.

Kidney stones and bladder

With the progress of the concretion causes a sharp pain all the way its output (the kidneys, ureters), and then the pain subsides when it is injected into the bladder and out again in the form of cramps and burning sensation in that moment when the stone moves through the urethra.

Pain appear due to physical injury to the inner membranes of the urinary tract the sharp edges of the stone

But more often in the urethra burns when you exit kidney sand. In this case, no severe pain before urination is not tested, and the pain occurs directly at the beginning and throughout the process, and may continue for some time, increasing with repeated trips to the toilet. When this occurs urethritis due to physical trauma of the urethra.

Of sexually transmitted infections

This is a group of diseases, a symptom of which is burning sensation during urination.


A distinctive feature of the disease is the presence of yellowish discharge foam structures from the urethra in men and vagina in women. In addition, there is the obsessive itching and burning during urination.


This venereal disease in men is the clinical picture of urethritis (discharge from the urogenital canal, which begins to burn the urethra).

In women in addition, the presence of purulent vaginal discharge, intermenstrual bleeding, pain in the pelvic area.

Protected sex is the main method of preventing gonorrhea infection

Girls and young girls are particularly observed pronounced swelling and redness of the area of the vestibule and the entire region of the vagina, itchy genitals, pain when trying to urinate.


Chlamydia can cause inflammation of the urethra, cervix, fallopian tubes, etc.

In the process of development of the disease appears dull pain pulling character in the abdomen and the scrotum (in men), and sagittal discharge from the urogenital canal, burning during and after urination.

The appearance of pus and blood in the urine is possible to speak about transition of infection by ascending into the bladder and kidneys.

In addition to these, the most common sexually transmitted diseases, burning sensation in the urethra can cause ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, syphilis, and others.

Causes of non-infectious origin

Such factors that causes the burning sensation and pain during urination include:

  • various injuries urethral segment of the urinary system;
  • allergic reactions. Basically, this response of the immune system is caused by using of personal hygiene and underwear made of synthetic fabrics (for these reasons, often a burning sensation occurs in women).

In this case, the unpleasant symptoms will be observed only a short time after the elimination of the root causes, and without discharge from the urethra.
After any genital injuries need to see a doctor. This is due to the fact that high the risk of internal bleeding, which is almost impossible to identify yourself.

Various tumors

Polyps in the lumen of the urethra can cause painful urination including burning sensation.

This is further observed:

  • the dispersion of the jet and its uncontrollability;
  • the delay output of urine (in the spread of education);
  • feeling of fullness in the urethra.

In this case, the symptoms present on the background of good blood and urine

To a different kind of tumors, causes unpleasant symptoms the emptying of the bladder, prostate adenoma. This leads to a widening and a significant increase in size, which contributes to the overlap of the urethra and the feeling of burning and pain during urination. Also men notice a weakening of the jet strength and disturbances in erectile function.

Kidney disease

The most common kidney problems in which anxiety causes a burning sensation in the process of emptying the bladder are pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, and renal tuberculosis.

Glomerulonephritis burning cause blood clots, and tuberculosis – out necrotic tissue.

In addition to painful urination, in diseases of the kidneys observed:

  • swelling of the face and extremities;
  • cloudy urine;
  • change the color of urine because of the impurities of the blood;
  • dull lower back pain (mild to unbearable).

But sometimes the burning and pain during urination are the first and only symptoms of serious illnesses. Any discomfort with urinating must be diagnosed by a doctor for the purpose of timely treatment.

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