Protein in the urine – a phenomenon which in technical language is called proteinuria. It is not a disease, but often terrible symptom that may have nothing to make itself felt, manifesting itself only in the analysis.
The rise in the rate of protein molecules in the urine (upper limit of normal is taken 0,033 grams per liter) occurs equally often as from the weak and the strong half of mankind.
However, in the second case, to diagnose proteinuria harder. Due to the lifestyle and characteristics of the urinary protein in the urine in men is often high for reasons not only pathological, but also physiological.
Physiological causes higher protein levels in the urine in men
About the physiological reasons for the increase in the level of protein molecules in the urine say, on the eve of the tests, the man was engaged in heavy physical work, have experienced severe stress, supercooled or simply incorrectly assembled biomaterial for analysis.
Improper collection of biological material
Great importance is hygiene. Ironically, it is the misconceptions of the toilet of the external genitalia is considered to be one of the main factors of the appearance of increased protein in the urine men. To the misdiagnosis in this case lead particles protein secretion, semen, or someone’s saliva that had accumulated in the area of the foreskin.
It should be noted that errors in the collection of tests, not limited to violations of the rules of personal hygiene. The urine collection scheme for each study also has its own. More on this will be discussed below in the relevant section of the article.
If your diet is wrong
Important and short-term diet. Despite the fact that results of researches of leading scientists did not prove the existence of a direct link between nutrition and protein in the urine in men to adhere to certain restrictions in the food before the testing still stands. In particular, it is recommended not to use a lot of products with clear coloring and diuretic effect, to refuse from alcoholic drinks, herbal teas and medicines.
Failure to comply with the regime
Also the increased protein in the urine can be caused by mental or physical fatigue. Therefore, to adhere to a sparing mode men is recommended on the day of collection of biological material, and on the eve of his. Overexertion of muscles, due to do hard work or sports, promotes generation of large quantities of lactic acid, which affects the results of the study. Negative impact and stress.
Mental and physical stress can cause protein in the urine
Pathological causes of increasing level of protein in the urine in men
Pathological proteinuria is a much more important diagnostic importance and requires greater attention from patients and physicians.
In clinical practice it is divided into three levels of improvement:
- Light level (at which there is an allocation of up to one gram of protein during the day).
- The average degree (which means that the allocation of protein is no more than three grams per day)
- Severe (in which the presence of protein in urine is more than three to four grams per day).
Most often this form of proteinuria occurs due to urological pathological process in the body. For example, observed in the lesions of bacterial or toxic in nature, functional abnormalities of the kidney filtration system, failure of metabolism. Typical clinical examples of disorders in this case there may be such serious diseases as pyelonephritis, renal hypertension, cystitis, glomerulonephritis, etc.
If the high content of protein molecules in urine is caused by infectious factors, and the isolated protein belongs to the albumin also speak of function due to pathological proteinuria. Typical clinical cases of violations in this case are allergies, epilepsy, leukemia, as well as some cardiovascular diseases.
In some cases, the cause of high protein in the urine in men is the violation of a particular algorithm antennas. In order to avoid trouble it is important to know the basic rules and strictly follow them.
Biomaterial for the accuracy of the analysis should be collected in sterile disposable container
Collection of biological material for analysis by zimnitskiy
One of the most informative and popular at the moment is the analysis of urine by zimnitskiy, which is carried out if you suspect any disease of the urinary system, allows for the qualitative assessment of renal function, to identify at an early stage of the inflammatory process or serious pathology.
Urine for this study is collected in a separate vial every three hours. All containers, including empty remaining, tightly closed, signed, and stored in a refrigerator until delivery to the laboratory. Are parallel in a notebook a record of fluid intake on the day of collection analysis.
In the laboratory, with the help of a special measuring cylinder, conduct research separately for each portion of the biomaterial. Define the concentration function of the kidneys (ability to dilute or concentrate urine), daily diuresis (amount of urine released per day), bladder function (what portions are allocated urine during the day) and other important research options.
Collection of biological material for the analysis of urine by Addis-Chukovskomu
Using the method of Addisa-Chukovskogo technicians able to examine daily fluctuations allocated with urine formed elements.
Urine to the patients are also required to collect during the day. However, in this case in the first morning the toilet, the bladder is emptied completely, and then, during the day, just small portions.
For antennas used special vessels containing two or three crystal timeline or five or six drops of formalin.
More easy way is collection of morning urine after 10-12 hours of sleep. However, not to go to the toilet for so long not everyone has the strength and accuracy of diagnosis is lower.
Collection of biological material for the analysis of urine on Nechiporenko
Urine analysis according to Nechyporenko, in turn, executed by the most simple. Algorithm of collection of biological material for research is no different from the algorithm, existing for the General analysis.
The biomaterial is collected during the day into one clean, sterilized dishes. Utensils tightly and delivered to the laboratory, independently or with the help of mobile services.
If it is not possible to quickly deliver samples to the clinic, the containers with biological material stored in a cool place, protected from direct sunlight.
And finally, it is worth noting that the physiological increase in protein levels – a phenomenon which is considered to be temporary and from the point of view of diagnostics, is of no interest. Special treatment in all the above cases is not required. Just enough to eliminate the cause of violations and, some time later, the level of protein in urine is normalized by itself.
Each case is the pathological increase of protein level in urine requires careful study of the team of specialists and immediate treatment started.