What to do if children are diagnosed with obesity? Treatment must include diet and sport. Moreover, it is based on these basic principles. Drug therapy is prescribed only in the presence of any disease, and surgery is almost never used.
The exceptions are cases when there are vital indications. Obesity in children: the diet must be coordinated with a dietitian. It will calculate the body’s needs for fats, proteins and carbohydrates in accordance with the individual characteristics of the child.
Of great importance is the psychological situation in the family and the willingness of parents to help their baby. With their own example, they should guide him on the path of a healthy and correct lifestyle.
This means that only products approved by a nutritionist should be in the refrigerator, and sports should be family-friendly. It is necessary to spend time with the child in the fresh air more often – to play outdoor games, such as badminton, tennis, football, basketball, etc. Even ordinary half-hour evening walks can benefit and improve the condition of the baby.
Adolescent Obesity: What Causes
Overweight in children is not only an aesthetic problem. Its danger lies in the fact that it can provoke diseases uncharacteristic for children, such as diabetes mellitus and diabetes mellitus, liver dystrophy, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, etc. All this can significantly worsen the quality of life of the child and shorten her life. Obesity in adolescents leads to the development of gastrointestinal diseases: cholecystitis, pancreatitis, fatty hepatosis. Kids with similar problems are more likely to suffer from diseases of the heart and blood vessels – angina, atherosclerosis, hypertension. Excess fat tissue deforms the bones of the skeleton, destroys the articular cartilage, causing pain and deformity of the limbs.
Children with an excess of body weight do not sleep well, and it is also harder for them to adapt to the social environment, make friends, etc. As a result, the child’s whole life can go awry, and he will never lead a family and children. Women just can’t do it physically. Therefore, it is very important to notice the signs of the onset of the disease and to take measures to prevent further growth of adipose tissue.
Causes of childhood obesity
What can provoke obesity in children? The reasons allocate the most various. Taken to distinguish alimentary and endocrine obesity. Unbalanced menu and lack of physical activity lead to the development of the first type of obesity. And the endocrine is always associated with the malfunction of such internal organs as the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, ovaries in girls, etc.
Alimentary obesity in children and adolescents can be diagnosed even at the stage of conversation with parents. They, as a rule, also suffer from extra pounds and prefer high-calorie foods rich in fats and carbohydrates. The discrepancy between energy consumption and energy release due to a sedentary lifestyle leads to an increase in body weight.
As for diseases, it is recommended to conduct a survey in the complex, on the basis of which it will be possible to make a reliable diagnosis. If the crumb has already been born overweight and is lagging behind in the development of its peers, then it can be assumed that obesity is associated with a lack of hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Subsequently, hypothyroidism may cause menstrual disorders in girls and other problems in boys.
Congenital genetic diseases such as Pradera-Viliya syndrome, Down syndrome and others are also accompanied by an abnormal increase in body weight. Excess glucocorticoids – adrenal hormones also leads to the above problems, as well as various head injuries, inflammation of the brain, as well as a tumor.
Child obesity rates
How do doctors determine obesity in children? Degrees in the amount of 1 to 4 are based on data on the child’s body weight and height. They also help calculate BMI – body mass index. For this, the weight of a person is divided by the square of his height in meters. In accordance with the obtained facts and determined the degree of obesity.
There are 4 degrees:
- the first degree of obesity is diagnosed when the BMI is exceeded by the norm by 15–25%;
- the second when exceeding the norm by 25–50%
- the third when exceeding the norm by 50–100%;
- and fourth when exceeding the norm by more than 100%.
Childhood obesity of children under one year is determined based on the average weight gain: by 6 months the weight of the baby doubles, and it is tripled when the year is reached. It is possible to talk about excess muscle mass in the event that it exceeds the norm by more than 15%.