Osteoporosis is one of the most severe and difficult to treat diseases. However, to prevent it just enough to conduct a correct way of life and make timely preparations of calcium. Most often, the pathology is diagnosed in women of advanced age, which is associated with a decrease in activity hormones.
Modern methods of treatment of osteoporosis is based on the reception of various tools, among which the leading place is occupied by calcium. The most commonly prescribed can be considered as chloride and calcium gluconate, and calcium lactate. They help to compensate for the deficit of this mineral in the body. Tey should take only on the advice of a physician and only in the individually selected dosage.
Be sure to treat used and vitamin D, among which the most assigned can be called cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol, alfacalcidol, calcitriol. They also help the absorption of calcium and increase bone density.
Another popular drug, calcitonin and its analogs, which include miacalcin and calcetin. This hormone helps to increase the content of calcium in the blood, and improve its accumulation in the bone tissue.
Bisphosphonate also required for use in the treatment of osteoporosis. These drugs and their fairly large group, prevents the decrease in bone mass and lower fracture risk.
The main indications for admission can be considered:
- Osteoporosis in menopause.
- Metabolic disorders in the bone tissue, which caused cancer.
- Osteoporosis in diseases of the adrenal gland.
- Osteoporosis, which is caused by prolonged presence without movement.
Modern methods of treatment of diseases in women require the appointment of estrogen drugs, among which the most popular are the following:
These funds are the equivalent of female sex hormones. They are prescribed for treatment of osteoporosis in women in menopause. The use of these funds reduces the risk of hip fracture by 50%. But sometimes they can be contraindicated, then you should start taking selective modulators of estrogen receptors, and that raloxifene, tamoxifen.
With regard to anabolic steroids, are derivatives of male hormones, so the treatment of women make use of them undesirable.
Sodium fluoride, which also has other names – fluorette, ossin, natrium fluoratum, corberon, helps to improve the synthesis of bone tissue, preventing its destruction.
Which drug with increased bone fragility can be perfect? He must answer to several parameters. First, not to disrupt the normal structure of bones. Second, do not cause severe side effects and should be well tolerated by patients during treatment. And, of course, the drug must have a convenient form of dosing and at a lower cost from an economic point of view.
Prevention and complications
Modern methods of treatment of osteoporosis in women prevent many severe complications, the main of which is hip fracture, which can lead even to death. However, if treatment is initiated in a timely manner, it will help slow down the weakening of the bone.
To the therapy was successful, be sure to perform all the prescribing physician in a timely manner to take the recommended medication, to give up bad habits, start to exercise, which must also be recommended by your doctor.
The patient diagnosed with osteoporosis should abstain from foods that violate the absorption of calcium, and it is coffee, tea, chocolate, meat products. But the number of products that are rich in calcium must be increased several times. These include milk and dairy products, fatty fish, vegetables, dark colors, nuts, dried fruit.
Great importance is played by proper prevention of this insidious disease. For example, it is very important to treat all diseases that contribute to the development of osteoporosis. Women who are at risk for this disease, and men of advanced age should give up Smoking.
Of great importance in the prevention of plays and a balanced diet, which should be a large number of vegetables and fruits.
To prevent pathology should take such measures:
- Exercise regularly.
- To control body weight, and dangerous as a deficiency or excess pounds.
- Be sure to observe the regime of work and rest.
- Enough time to spend in the sun.
All these rather simple preventive actions that can help any person to avoid such a serious disease, and, of course, eliminates all sorts of complications.