Vertebrogenic cervicobrachialgia is a syndrome, degenerative processes in the intervertebral discs and cartilage, leading to headaches, dizziness, frequent nausea, weakness in muscles, numbness of the upper extremities unpleasant sensations in the neck.
With the development of the disease the nucleus pulposus in the intervertebral disc starts to divide and become less elastic. The process leads to irritation of receptors in the fibrous rings, the defeat of the roots and nerves in the occipital part, the result – a strong pain syndrome, failure of functioning of the spine.
Why develop a violation?
Develops the vertebral cervicobrachialgia on the background of cervical degenerative disc disease that caused the degeneration of the elements of the structures in the spine, a loss of natural elasticity of the nucleus pulposus. The shell of the intervertebral disc becomes thinner, cracking. The edges of the vertebral Taurus grow bony prominences. The vertebrae are shifted relative to each other, the design of the column of the spine becomes unstable. Circulatory system fails, the shell of an arterial vessel is subjected to strong irritation.
Pathological processes lead to the infringement of the nerve root, pinching the blood vessels in the brain, violation of the outflow of venous blood and cerebral circulation. All this leads to oxygen starvation of tissues of the brain, the development of tservikokranialgii (pain in the neck, head). The disease is not independent, rather it is a symptom, a symptom of other related ailments in the body.
Cervicobrachialgia occurs on the background of the disease:
- neck injury;
- cervical degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine;
- spondyloarthritis (Bekhterev’s disease);
- herniated disc;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- the constant stress;
- irritation of the sheath of the vertebral artery;
- pathological changes in the immune system, tumors, abscesses;
- sprains result in irregular exercise.
Often sedentary work (e.g. at computer) leads to compression of the cervical nerve endings, stagnant processes in the neck. Charging and periodic getting up when working SIW extremely necessary.
How to recognize the disease?
Symptoms with prolonged holding head in one position, often uncomfortable. They can appear during sleep, lying on her stomach or as a result of putting a high pillow.
Pain syndrome on the background of cervical disease pronounced softly: there’s a pulsation in the nape and neck, then suddenly passes.
Signs of tservikokranialgii is similar to the conventional migraine:
- jump blood pressure;
- possible approaches for nausea and vomiting;
- lose balance when walking because of violations occurring in the vestibular apparatus;
- ear drops in my ears, noise in the amplification ripple of pain;
- reduced visual acuity before eyes there is a veil.
The spine undergoes anatomical changes on the background of cervical degenerative disc disease, impaired functioning of its structural components. Pathology in the cervical region leads to the breakdown of other organs, development of hypertension, hypotension, reduction of vision and hearing. Turns, head tilts only increase pain in the neck and nape. Muscles become in this region more tense.
The pain may vary in intensity and duration. Nature can be bursting, shooting, pressing, grinding, baking. In violation of blood flow noise in the ears, throbbing in the head, failure of the vestibular apparatus causes nausea, disturbed coordination of movements.
What are the diagnostic methods?
The main effective method of diagnosis is considered MRI of the spine and brain, which helps to eliminate additional ailments due to the similarity of symptoms with many diseases. Additionally it is possible to conduct Doppler ultrasound of neck and brain vessels. Both studies allow us to deliver the experts an accurate diagnosis, choose with all the changes in the structure of the brain the optimal course of treatment.
Treatment is aimed at relief of pain, elimination of unpleasant symptoms. A set of procedures included:
- therapy vacuum;
- medication to relieve inflammation;
- vitamin b;
- chondroprotector for normalization and restoration of metabolism in the tissues, cartilages of the intervertebral disk.
Usually the treatment is done outpatient, but under the strict supervision of a physician. Treatments are tailored to characteristics of the organism, the progression of the disease, symptoms. It is important to eliminate the cause of pain symptoms.
Treatment of vertebral tservikokranialgii medication is done under the supervision of a neurologist and consists of several stages:
- 1anti-Inflammatory treatment non-steroidal drugs. Appoint xefocam, meloxicam, diclofenac, Ketoprofen. Drugs cropped acute pain and reduce inflammation. Duration of anti-inflammatory therapy is about a week.
- 2muscle relaxant treatment. Drugs baclofen, tizanidine, tollerson reduce compression of the nerve roots, relieving tension and spasms in the neck muscles and occiput. Muscle relaxant therapy lasts about 2-3 weeks.
- 3Neuroprotective and vascular treatment strengthens the nervous structure, restores function and prevents recurrence. The main preparatami at this stage of treatment are the b vitamins, which consists of thioctic acid, vascular equipment: Mexidol, Actovegin, trental, and other. The duration of treatment is about 1 month.
Effect of drug therapy is greatly enhanced by the appointment of auxiliary non-pharmacological methods.
To achieve positive results are used in the treatment of magnetopuncture, laser, dry hood, pacemakers, post isometric relaxation, acupuncture, vacuum methods to achieve a therapeutic effect.
The spine stretching is effective in conjunction with physical therapy.
Applies massage to eliminate the pain, improve blood circulation, strengthening the corset muscles in the affected area. It applies only when a sustained remission if tservikokranialgii. Movement masseur must be neat, smooth, slow, grinding.
Iglorefleksoterapiya and physical therapy effective for relieving pain, inflammation.
Headache is a symptom, a sign that the body is experiencing serious problems. To endure the pain can not be immediately if you suspect illness you need to consult a doctor. Treatment at an early stage of the disease gives good results and positive forecasts. Already after 2-3 sessions, the pain syndrome on the background of cervical degenerative disc disease and is not repeated any more. After 15 treatments, there comes a steady remission, improving overall health.
Is it possible to avoid the development of pathology?
Following these simple rules, to prevent the development of disease is quite real.
The neck is quite susceptible part of the body, so the treatment should follow some rules:
- to avoid hypothermia neck, cover with a scarf in winter, when wind and drafts;
- not to stay long under the stream of cold air from the fan;
- give up bad habits – provocateurs of the disease (carbonated drinks, alcohol, Smoking);
- to fight obesity;
- not to overload the cervical spine, to reduce the negative impact on the vertebrae, the load by wearing a corset, special collar.
If the risk of development of disease, it is important to undergo examination at the doctor at least 2 times a year, to monitor the posture, move more, sedentary work carry out preventive courses of therapeutic massage.
Physical therapy exercises
If you have problems with neck physical activity must be moderate and daily. Effective exercises for better endurance the acute course of the disease, accelerate the recovery of the structures of the vertebrae, achieving sustained remission, osteochondrosis.
Repeat the exercise 2-3 times a day at work during periods of short rest. Performing turns, head tilts should be smooth and neat.
Lie on the floor, putting one hand on chest, other on belly. Slowly inhale and exhale. Repeat 8 times. To increase gradually the number of repetitions.
In the next exercise lie on stomach, lift head up, leaning his hands on the floor, hold the position up to 1, 5 minutes, then straighten the spine, not allowing the lessons of its curvature.
You can lie on your stomach, arms stretched at the seams, turn the head alternately right, then left. Repeat 8 times.
Sit down, take a breath, take your head back. Exhale, tilting your head forward, chin touching his chest. To repeat the whole cycle again, and so up to 5 times.
Cervicobrachialgia – an incurable chronic disease, the pathological changes in the neck. Only correctly chosen treatment, massage, therapeutic gymnastics minimize inflammatory processes, degenerative changes in the cervical spine, relieving headaches, and other unpleasant symptoms.
It is important to achieve a sustained remission of the disease, and timely treatment to the doctor predictions of the disease would be favorable.
Otherwise, irreversible processes in the brain is inevitable.