A large number of people faced with this problem as headache. The cause of such illness can be a violation of the cardiovascular system, the change of pressure in the pathological processes in the head. In fact, headaches can occur for various reasons. But, there is a special kind of illness, such as tension-type headache.
This phenomenon is characteristic symptoms. On the basis of studies and surveys, scientists have come to the conclusion that headaches can occur in almost any person at least once in your life. At risk are mostly people aged from 25 to 35 years. Of course, it is possible that the disease can occur in the patient’s other age category. So, it can be a child or an elderly person. As it was established by physicians, often such a tension headache arises from the fair sex.
In tension-type headache the patient is experiencing a fairly strong monotonic pains that create discomfort. All talking about different pain. For example, someone comes up with a dull clenching pain, and someone generally permanent. If you experience tension headache a person may experience not only pain. Nervousness and fatigue, and poor appetite are symptoms of this disease.
Varieties of the disease
Headache tension refers to a variety of headaches. In turn, this disease is divided into two types of pain have their own characteristic features. The first type is chronic pain. The peculiarity of this disease lies in the fact that for one year he ails mankind more than 180 days. Of course, this does not mean that person for three months experiencing severe pain. The main difference between that kind of headache tension is that it flows intense pain in the head. As a result, this can lead to prolonged depression.
The second type is episodic pain. As you can tell by the title, this headache less worries person. And the pain is not as severe as this happens with chronic headaches. Correctly specific form of the disease allows doctors to determine the correct course of treatment and reduce pain.
A tension headache is characterized by severe symptoms that make it possible to detect its presence. Of course, initially, people may not immediately identify the presence of such a disease. Often at the initial stage the person goes slightly diffuse spilled headaches in the head. Most people do not pay attention to such mild pain and do not even suspect that this could be the precursor to more serious diseases. Today there are a number of symptoms that allow physicians to pinpoint the nature and type of headache.
With this ailment, there is a continuing headache, which can migrate from one head to another. For example, at one point a person may have a headache in the forehead and another in the neck. As a result of this wavy movement pain cover the whole head. As a result of pain in humans may experience nervousness, depression and lethargy. Often patients lose performance. Tension headaches a person can experience from an hour to several weeks.
Causes of tension headache may be different. The main reason is the emergence of a stressful situation or depression of the person. In some cases, the person can not independently determine the presence of depression. If in the process of the pathological mental state of the person reduced working capacity and appetite, you should seriously think about their health. Also, this condition can cause sleep disturbances. And this in turn complicates the situation and affects the health of the person. To correctly and accurately make a diagnosis, doctors have to conduct special surveys.
Also headache stress can result in muscle stress. This phenomenon may occur as a result of prolonged physical exertion, which leads to fatigue of the muscular apparatus. In this case, it is hard to diagnose, as headaches can occur spontaneously as a result of tension of the muscles of the eyes, neck or even shoulders, and also very quickly disappear. Most often such pains arise from jewelers, accountants, programmers and other people whose profession is connected with frequent stress of the eye muscles.
Also pain in the head region can arise from the frequent use of drugs. Tranquilizers, analgesics, which contains a large amount of acetylsalicylic acid and other drugs can lead to tension headaches. Very often the causes of illness could be disrupted respiratory organs. This applies particularly to people who are often in cramped spaces where there is not enough oxygen. Based on this, the body is under serious stress. If you have multiple causes the risk of tension headaches increases significantly.
Recently the doctors have several reasons that can cause this ailment. This applies mainly to the unbalanced diet, wrong routines and alcohol abuse.
The treatment of the disease
Begin treatment of this disease should begin only in the event when is precisely defined type of pain and the correct diagnosis. In the treatment of tension-type headache should pay attention not only unpleasant sensations but also the reasons that had imparted to them. After all, the elimination of the basic causes of disease will allow to get rid of it.
In determining the causes of the disease can be used not only various surveys and analyses, but also modern methods of diagnosis. The fact that tension headaches can be signs of more serious illnesses. To determine such causes can be used computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasonography of the head vessels, rheoencephalography and other modern diagnostics.
Headache tension is a very serious illness. This means that treatment need only be carried out under the guidance of a physician. It is not necessary to self-medicate, as this may cause significant harm to your body. Often the treatment is complex. In this case we are talking not only about the intake of certain medications, but and undergoing physical therapy.
The treatment of the disease easy and moderate severity
The course of treatment and its long-term basically depends on the nature of the headache. If headache occurs rarely and is characterized by low intensity, then its elimination will leave relatively little time. To begin with, the patient should carefully review and analyze your daily routine and lifestyle. This analysis will allow to determine the reasons why a patient may experience headaches. If you prefer to work hard or just don’t want to get out of the house, then you need to radically change your lifestyle. More walks in the fresh air and positive emotions will allow you to get rid of tension headaches and prevent their occurrence.
In any case, whatever the cause of the disease, each patient must adhere to certain rules. First you need to normalize the daily routine and diet. The patient needs to eat less junk food and provide your diet of fresh natural foods and herbs. The same applies to sleep. To get rid of the occurrence of tension headaches and prevent their onset, the person needs to sleep well. Ideally, sleep should last for about 8 hours. But here we should not forget about the needs and characteristics of the organism. Some people is enough bodø and 6 hours to sleep and recharge for the coming day.
Also doctors recommend to patients as much time as possible outdoors. As headaches often result from the heavy load of eye muscles, must be spending less time reading books, computer and on the road. If this is not possible, you need to make everything to reduce this load. Good, and most importantly, quality rest after a big load will be most welcome. If compliance with these simple rules will not lead to the desired result, you need to think about more effective ways of treatment. So, for the treatment of illness often use drugs that have a specific spectrum of action. With their help it is possible not only to eliminate pain but also to get rid of the disease.
For the treatment of mild forms of headache can be used and non-pharmacological methods. The basis of such methods of treatment is a number of procedures that should take place only among specialists. So, for example, often for the treatment of headaches easy used massage, acupuncture and physiotherapy. To achieve maximum effect from such procedures, they need to be in special institutions.
Severe degree of the disease and its treatment
If a person is experiencing a serious and long lasting tension headaches, you should immediately seek help from a specialist. Treatment of severe degree of such disease should be under the guidance of a physician. Treatment of this form of tension-type headache is based on the use of antidepressants and drugs. With the help of antidepressants can normalize the patient’s mental state. As for drugs, they can be used to suppress the main causes of headaches. The treatment in this case can last up to 3 months or more. During treatment is not recommended to use a large number of drugs that help reduce pain. Abuse of these drugs can cause substantial harm to the health of the patient.
Tension headache severe forms can cause a person some discomfort and adversely affect his lifestyle. In order to quickly get rid of the disease, you must adhere to all rules and recommendations of the attending physician. Most importantly, you should not self-medicate. The wrong medication may to some extent impair the patient’s condition and increase headaches. Do not worry, if the treatment you are relieved. Sometimes to get rid of tension headaches only after the re treatment. Patience and perseverance will help you to get rid of pain in the head forever.