Symptom when a headache and have a fever, is the messenger of many diseases. Traditionally, they are divided into two categories – infectious and non-infectious diseases.
To include non-infectious intoxication, hypertension, mihalos, various tumors, termometros. Referred to infectious influenza, encephalitis, acute adnexitis, tonsillitis, COPD, pneumonia, respiratory disease, meningitis, leptospirosis.
The overall picture of the symptom
So, in the case of fever in the district of 37-38 degrees and headaches to call a doctor and not treat yourself. This symptom in most situations indicates the presence of serious diseases of the body. In medicine the temperature hangs at around 37-38 and never rising above called low grade. This increase does not take a person completely out of action but together with a headache, definitely interferes to carry out daily tasks. For a constant body temperature in the body responsible the thermoregulation center in the hypothalamus of the human brain.
It may hamper many factors due to which it starts to produce more heat:
- different antigens – viruses, bacteria, fungi;
- antigens which are not from the microbial environment;
- the decomposition products of cells;
- causes disruption of the hypothalamus neurological and endocrinological nature;
- as a result of the metabolism of tumor cells.
Thus, the increase in body temperature is not that other, as a reaction to foreign bodies and incorrect processes. But along with it come other adverse changes in the acceleration of exchange processes leading to loss of weight, weakness, intoxication, headaches.
The infectious nature of the symptoms
The emergence of infection in the body can cause a subfebrile temperature and headache. Namely pathogenic microorganisms is called headache and fever. More than half of all cases with symptoms of pain in the head and temperature of 37-38 degrees account for the presence of acute respiratory viral infections and flu.
Winter presents us with many surprises. In addition to major holidays, the winter time brings large disease – the flu. At first, the disease is accompanied by severe overall health. The decreased body temperature and headache hold until the influenza is the incubation period. Not worth the time to go knocking down the temperature, it is necessary to suppress the virus.
There is also this kind of flu like stomach flu. Symptoms are diarrhoea, fever, severe pain in the abdominal area, nausea, vomiting, chills, dizziness. You can become infected by contact with patients or with contaminated foods, through drinking water. There is no effective treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to actively carry out the prevention: do not drink unboiled water, wash hands with soap and water.
Meningitis is a dangerous inflammation of the membranes of the brain. There is a very strong and sudden headache. The pain may radiate to other parts of the body: neck, back, and limbs. Comes up to a paretic condition – the patient is in a kind of prostration because of the enormous nervous exhaustion. For meningitis accompanied by low-grade fever. Mandatory in this disease, you should call emergency.
Sinusitis is a disease of the nasal cavity, where mucus clogged much gajmorovyh sinuses. As a result, pressure in the face, which in turn causes pain in the front of the head. Treatment can be through inhalation, sprays, and nose drops; by washing – the elimination of accumulated mucus; surgery – an emergency measure, consisting in the perforation of the maxillary sinus, and thence deducing the formed pus.
Non-communicable nature of the symptoms
Causes of headache and temperature lie also in diseases of non-infectious nature. Share these symptoms less than infectious diseases, but they are not less dangerous. These include acute surgical anomalies, solar and thermal shocks, intoxication.
Acute surgical anomalies
To cause headache and temperature of 37-38 degrees can acute appendicitis, perforation of ulcers in the stomach, obstruction in the intestinal tract, abscesses, boils, cellulitis, acute inflammation of the gall bladder or pancreas, a blockage of blood vessels of the lower extremities. For the listed diseases under consideration, the symptoms usually are of secondary importance, as it is primarily in these diseases is manifested pain in the abdomen and other symptoms disorders of the organs.
Solar and thermal shocks
When You spend a long time on the beach under the scorching sun or are in enclosed spaces in the absence of ventilation, there may be a solar or heat stroke. In addition to “our” symptoms, there is a dryness in the throat, weakness, burns.
In other words, poisoning by chemicals (poisons). They can enter the body through the skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the type of poison and its method of penetration, there are pathological symptoms of various kinds, including headache fever.
Constant headache and temperature
Much more serious and even worse in a situation when headache with fever can’t leave for the past month or more. The doctors initially could not clearly assess the reasons for this unchanged condition and diagnosed with fever of unclear Genesis. It happens that there are no pathological changes, and the temperature is increased as much as several years. In all other cases of this anomaly reported the presence of serious diseases.
First of all, in such a situation, rule out the possibility of tuberculosis. This disease delivers a constant cough, hyperhidrosis, lack of appetite, blood with sputum. Must be x-ray chest, take a Mantoux test, to examine the sputum for the presence of the Bacillus of Koch. Weak current chronic infection, cancer, thyroid disease are also possible diseases in the case of the constant pain in head and temperature.
Tempering of organism is a panacea for all ills. Contrast shower, Jogging in the morning never hurt. Sports, gymnastics, fitness will strengthen Your immune system. During the outbreak of flu and other infectious diseases can be prevented through vaccination. It is best to do the vaccine just at the moment the active dissemination of viral diseases, that is, autumn and winter.
If in addition to these there are other symptoms that You guard (nausea, cramps, drowsiness, abdominal pain, vomiting), then it is imperative to immediately seek professional medical help. In no case do not take any action yourself!
In the case of the presence exclusively of a headache and low-grade temperature, follow these steps:
- Provide access to drinking water (2-3 liters of fluid per day – juice, fruit drinks, teas);
- Paracetamol, Aspirin, Ibuprofen (drug dose is given in accordance with the instructions or your doctor);
- As soon as health will improve, you need to conduct a survey in Your clinic and the right to organize further treatment.