The causes of CFS are not fully understood. Some theories call the causes of viral infection, psychological stress, or a combination of factors. In addition, there are no tests to determine CFS. Although chronic fatigue syndrome was previously a controversial diagnosis, it is now recognized in most countries.
The condition can affect anyone, although it is most common among women aged 40 to 50 years. There is currently no cure, but there are methods to eliminate the symptoms. We will talk about this syndrome in more detail below.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Causes
The exact cause of CFS is unknown.
Researchers suggest that contributing factors may include:
- Weakened immune system.
- Hormonal imbalance.
It is also possible that some people are genetically predisposed to develop the syndrome.
Viral infections associated with the development of CFS include:
- Epstein-Barr virus.
- Human Herpesvirus 6.
- Ross River Virus.
Researchers say those with serious symptoms of any of these infections are at a higher risk of developing CFS later in life.
It is worth noting that people with CFS sometimes have a weakened immune system, but doctors do not know if this is enough to cause the disorder. Another cause may be abnormal hormone levels.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Symptoms
Symptoms of CFS vary depending on the person and the severity of the condition. Fatigue, which interferes with daily activities, is the main symptom. If fatigue persists for 6 months, most likely you have CFS.
CFS can cause sleep problems – feeling tired after a night’s sleep or chronic insomnia.
In addition, you may experience:
- I will lose my memory.
- Decreased concentration.
- Dizziness or fainting when moving from a prone position to a sitting position.
- Muscle pain.
- Frequent headaches.
- Pain in several joints without redness or swelling.
- Frequent sore throat.
- Sensitivity and swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.
Sometimes the symptoms can completely disappear – this is called remission. However, relapse may occur over time.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Treatment
There is currently no single treatment plan. For each person, the syndrome manifests itself in different ways, so different types of treatment may be required.
Sometimes minor physical, mental or emotional stress leads to worsening symptoms of CFS. Deterioration usually occurs 12-48 hours after a specific event and lasts for several days or even weeks.
Activity management will help balance rest and activity to avoid outbreaks of the disease. You will need to introduce individual restrictions for mental and physical stress, as well as plan a vacation so as not to overwork.
Home Remedies and Lifestyle Changes
Making some lifestyle changes can also reduce your symptoms.
Limiting or completely eliminating caffeine will help you sleep better and relieve insomnia. Nicotine and alcohol are also recommended.
In addition, try not to nap during the day if this prevents you from sleeping at night. And go to bed at the same time to wake up also at a certain time.
No medicine can cure all the symptoms of CFS. In addition, symptoms may change over time.
In many cases, CFS can cause or be a symptom of depression. In this case, the doctor will prescribe antidepressant therapy or prescribe a referral to a psychiatrist.
If lifestyle changes have not improved your sleep, your doctor may recommend sleeping pills. And painkillers will help cope with pain caused by CFS.
If drug therapy is required, then it should be adapted to your needs. Work closely with your doctor. And remember that there is no universal cure for CFS.
Acupuncture, tai chi, yoga and massage also help to cope with the symptoms of the syndrome. However, before resorting to any alternative method, you should consult a doctor.