Adults need 150 micrograms of iodine per day. Most people should get this trace element from food. We have repeatedly said that the best way to prevent deficiency is a varied and balanced diet. However, according to the Endocrinology Scientific Center of the Ministry of Health, Russians consume three times less iodine than recommended (in connection with this, the number of pathologies caused by intrauterine iodine deficiency has increased).
That is why WHO called on the Russian authorities to adopt a law on continuous salt iodization ( perhaps a similar law will be adopted soon). This is how they solved this problem in other countries.. Continuous iodization is when salt enriched with iodine is used everywhere, including in industrial production and in public catering establishments.
Most iodine in seafood – fish, mussels, squid, shrimp; a lot of it in seaweed. Iodine is found in plant foods – in cereals, cereals. The content of this trace element in products directly depends on how rich in iodine the soil and water are.
Iodine is a vital trace element that is involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. When it is very small, the thyroid gland begins to increase and as a result, goiter forms. Lighter deficiency can be expressed by a decrease in intelligence and problems with academic performance in children. Iodine is especially important for women during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
While this has not happened in Russia, you can do the prophylaxis yourself and replace all the usual salt at home with iodized salt. But remember about the norms of consumption – no more than five grams of salt per day. According to nutritionist Elena Motova, if a person eats the recommended five grams of such salt per day, then even taking into account the loss of iodine during storage and cooking, 100-200 micrograms of iodine enter the body – just the physiological norm. Do not be afraid that iodized salt will react with foods. “Now potassium iodate is used for salt iodization: it is stable during storage and heating, so modern enriched salt can be used even in bakery,” says Elena.
But taking iodine in the form of biologically active additives, especially without a doctor’s prescription, is risky – an excess of iodine for a long time leads to changes in the thyroid gland. This, in turn, can cause a variety of disorders, including weight gain.