During pregnancy, the pressure rate is not lower than 90/60 and not higher than 140/90. This takes into account the working pressure. A deviation from the norm is 10% higher or lower than normal. For example, if you had a pressure of 120/80 before pregnancy, then the indicator 130/90 is not critical.
The same figures at a normal pressure of 100/60 indicate probable problems with the cardiovascular system.
Often, the pressure decreases in early pregnancy. This is the cause of indisposition, dizziness, increased toxicity.
Late pregnancy pressure most often increases. This phenomenon is associated with late toxicosis, edema.
What is dangerous deviation from the norm
Through the vessels of the placenta to the baby receives oxygen and nutrients, and waste products of the fetus go to the mother. The exchange is fully carried out only under the condition of normal blood pressure of the pregnant.
If, however, during pregnancy, the pressure decreases, then the transportation through vessels worsens, and the quality of the substances delivered to the baby decreases. This is fraught with delayed fetal development. With a significant increase in pressure, microvessels can be damaged and hemorrhages may appear. As a result, placental abruption is likely – an extremely dangerous condition, both for the mother and for the baby. That is why it is so important to establish the causes of pressure during pregnancy.
About high blood pressure during pregnancy
In the body of the future mother, another blood circulation is formed, by the end of pregnancy the blood volume increases by 1-1.5 liters. This helps to increase the pressure during pregnancy. The phenomenon can be considered normal if the rates do not increase by more than 20 mm Hg. compared to the usual.
If the increase in pressure occurs to 20 weeks, then most likely there will be hypertension. In later periods, this pathology provokes edema, and sometimes such a complication as preeclampsia.
In addition to the increasing blood volume, the cause of pressure can be an abnormality in the work of the heart, an increase in blood clotting. The provoking factors are increased physical and emotional stress, coffee reception, smoking.
Symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancy
The high pressure during pregnancy show:
- noise in ears;
- heaviness in the legs;
- drowsiness and severe fatigue;
- dizziness and fainting;
- visual impairment.
Treatment of high blood pressure during pregnancy
- Limit salt intake, eliminate fast food.
- Feel free to lean on vegetables and fruits (except bananas and grapes), dairy products, cereals. Fat – in a minimum amount.
- Avoid stress, relax more, go out for some fresh air.
- Try reflexology and herbal treatments. But first consult with the doctor.
Sometimes you need special pills for the pressure during pregnancy. Allowed during gestation are adrenoblockers. If preeclampsia is added, then drugs are prescribed that improve blood flow in the mother-to-child system.
About low blood pressure during pregnancy
Low blood pressure during pregnancy is common in the early stages. The body favors the formation of blood vessels of the fetus and placenta, ensures normal blood flow velocity.
Symptoms of low pressure during pregnancy
Hypotension (decrease in pressure) is manifested by such symptoms as:
- mood swings.
Unpleasant sensations increase after sleep. It is especially difficult to endure such a state to those women who suffer from toxicosis.
Low blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to placental insufficiency. Common complications of hypotension include miscarriages, premature delivery, and delayed fetal development. It is dangerous if after a fall a sharp increase in pressure occurs during pregnancy.
Low pressure treatment during pregnancy
It is forbidden to take a hot bath and stay in stuffy rooms. Remember that proper sleep and rest is a cure for pressure problems. The future mommy is supposed to sleep at least 10 hours a day. Do not deny yourself the pleasure to nap for an hour or two in the afternoon. Increase the pressure will help acupressure zone between the chin and lower lip.
Recommended moderate activity – special gymnastics for pregnant women, walks in the fresh air. Useful swimming, douche, contrast baths for the feet.
If necessary, the doctor will prescribe you decoctions of herbs or medicines. In some cases, prescribed tablets with caffeine.
In order to identify a problem with pressure in time, stock up with an electronic tonometer. The device makes accurate measurements, and also shows the pulse. Do not skip the planned doctor’s appointments and disregard the doctor’s recommendations.