Hormonal changes and the load on organs during pregnancy often lead to various malfunctions in the work of a well-established body system. Of course, every expectant mother takes care of the health of her baby: she wants to resort to medications as little as possible so as not to harm the fetus. But often, women have to deal with situations in which treatment that is not started on time can lead to serious complications. In the prescription that the doctor writes to the expectant mother, you can often find the drug Riboxin. What kind of medicine is it and in what cases is it advisable to take it.
Riboxin is a drug whose main properties are the normalization of metabolic processes in the tissues of the body and the saturation of cells with oxygen. A drug is available in the form of tablets and a solution for intravenous administration in ampoules.
The active substance of Riboxin is inosine, which has the following properties:
- antiarrhythmic – normalizes the heart rhythm in case of malfunctions of the heart;
- antihypoxic – Riboxin helps improve the body’s absorption of oxygen, as a result of which it saturates the cells. During the use of the drug in the body, resistance to oxygen deficiency increases;
- Anabolic – enhances the processes of protein synthesis in the body.
Riboxin is allowed during pregnancy. However, only a doctor can decide on the advisability of using this medication. Often, the drug is prescribed not only for treatment, but also to prevent oxygen starvation of the fetus. This is due to the fact that in some periods of pregnancy a more active intake of nutrients and beneficial elements into the blood is needed. Riboxin helps to improve the metabolism in the tissues, establishing oxygen metabolism and the flow of necessary substances to the unborn child.
Riboxin is a Soviet-made drug. It is prescribed to pregnant women mainly in Russia. Many experts consider it a “dummy” after some evidence of inosine inefficiency.
Indications for use during pregnancy
The normal development of the fetus largely depends on the health of the mother and the coordinated work of the systems of her body. Very often, a woman can feel good, not even realizing that the fetus lacks vitamins and other useful substances, and a sufficient amount of oxygen does not enter the baby’s tissues and organs. Doctors insist that routine examinations, conducting examinations and ultrasound, passing the necessary tests are important elements in the diagnosis of the rate of development of the unborn child.
In the body of each person, many metabolic processes are performed, which are called in one word – metabolism. During the period of gestation, the metabolism is significantly accelerated, since the body must satisfy the needs of both mother and baby.
During pregnancy, Riboxin is prescribed in the following cases:
- arrhythmia, tachycardia, heart defects. Nervous overstrain, stressful situations, overexcitation and various excitements – all this can negatively affect the heart’s performance of its function. Often in women, the heart rate increases, and this affects the well-being of the whole organism. Riboxin helps normalize processes and improve a woman’s condition;
- fetal oxygen starvation, insufficient oxygen saturation of tissues: we get oxygen through the lungs by inhaling air. But in the fetus, the lungs do not function, so oxygen enters through the mother’s blood. If for some reason the child does not receive it in sufficient quantities, hypoxia occurs. Such a situation can lead to a delay in the development of the fetus, and in some cases to intrauterine death of the unborn baby. Riboxin improves the process of oxygen supply through the placenta, and also normalizes tissue saturation, which helps the fetus to fully develop;
- during the recovery of an organism with past diseases: peptic ulcer, gastritis, etc. The cells of the body take time and nutrients to restore the body. The active substance of the drug stimulates tissue regeneration, promotes the healing of mucous membranes and has a positive effect on the energy balance in the body;
- liver diseases (hepatitis, cirrhosis). During the period of gestation, the liver also experiences enormous loads. Riboxin has a positive effect on the state of the organ, and also helps to eliminate harmful substances and toxins from the body.
How to apply: basic nuances
After the tests, the doctor develops a treatment regimen and determines in what form the woman will use Riboxin. The instructions indicate that you need to take Riboxin in tablets before meals, with water. Intravenous administration by injection or dropper is indicated in cases where immediate action is required. This is due to the fact that the substance of the drug, getting directly into the blood, spreads faster throughout the body. The dosage and time of application are determined by the doctor, depending on the individual course of pregnancy.
With jet injections, the contents of the ampoule are used in pure form, but if the doctor prescribed droppers, Riboxin should be diluted with a 5% solution of glucose or sodium chloride at a concentration of 0.9%. The resulting 250 ml of liquid is administered to a pregnant woman at a rate of 40-60 drops per minute. It is worth remembering that it is strictly forbidden to independently replace the solution with tablets and vice versa.
When you can not take Riboxin
Like many medications, Riboxin has a number of contraindications:
- intolerance to the components of the drug;
- renal failure – impaired renal function;
- gout is a chronic disease in which purine metabolism is impaired. With gout, the kidneys are not able to excrete uric acid;
- hyperuricemia is a condition in which uric acid increases in the blood.
Usually the drug is well tolerated, but there is still little chance of side effects. Their list includes:
- a decrease in blood pressure by more than twenty percent of a woman’s normal pressure;
- increased blood uric acid;
- increase in heart rate;
- allergic reactions: itching on the skin, urticaria, irritation or redness;
- general weakness of the body.
If a woman feels unpleasant symptoms that appeared after the use of Riboxin, you need to stop treatment with this medication and make an appointment with a doctor.
Riboxin can not be used together with alcohols and acids, as well as with vitamin B6.
What medicines can replace Riboxin
In the pharmacological market, other drugs based on inosine are presented:
If a woman has contraindications to the use of Riboxin, the specialist will prescribe another medication. Similar properties with Riboxin have:
Cytoflavin is a drug that is prescribed for cerebrovascular accident;
Actovegin – the active substance of the drug contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.