01.10.2020

What is a cataract and how is it treated?

Many people Mature and elderly age over time, note that their eyesight is deteriorating – about 30-40% of cases it is associated with cataracts, a clouding of the lens. The lens becomes cloudy quickly because of violation of metabolic processes, metabolism within the eye. Cataract usually occurs no earlier than 40 years, but in recent years there has been a rejuvenation of the disease. Approximately 60-90% of people over 60 years old are diagnosed with cataracts.

If left untreated cataracts, the vision gradually decrease and reach the condition when the patient cannot distinguish between objects, i.e. blindness. In addition, the development of cataracts can lead to complications: the emergence and progression of myopia (due to swelling of the substance of the lens); secondary glaucoma; iridocyclitis; the destruction of the lens capsule with dislocation of the cloudy core. Now, according to the world health organization world population of about 20 million people blind due to cataracts.

Most patients make a typical mistake – when blurred vision, appearance of blurred, fuzzy pictures, they don’t go to the doctor, and decide to wait and see. We have there is an opinion among patients that cataract has to Mature.

The result is that patients within a few years, I go from uncomfortable to them vision – they find it difficult to do her job, just something to do at home. Once the cataract there is a feeling of vision loss and it disrupts the normal life we have to decide the question of surgical intervention.

Cataract is treated promptly. Technology surgery today developed, the operation of high-tech, very reliable and absolutely painless. Is she using microprotol, lasts about 15 minutes. First you must remove the clouded lens, and then, after that, to install the artificial lens.

Artificial lenses are made of special optical materials in recent years – from soft folding of polymers (acrylic, silicone). Their main purpose – replacement of the natural lens to focus a clear image on the retina. Each patient is individually calculated power of the lens, it is necessary to his eyes.Production and supply of these lenses in the clinic by the power characteristic, that is, in diopters.

After surgery, patients are not required stitches, stay in hospital, no discomfort and unpleasant pain. Postoperative restrictions are minimal and they practically do not change the habitual way of life of the patient.

The sooner the surgery, the easier it goes. Initial clouding of the lens can be than the full. In the early stages of the operation is faster, much more efficiently and most importantly, a person does not suffer a few years with the lack of quality of vision.

The most important is the calculation of the artificial lens. When everything is calculated correctly, within an hour or two after the surgery, the patient begins to see the quality, the vision is back to 100%, even if before the operation it was at the level of 30-40%. After surgery, many patients glasses be no longer needed.

Many patients after the surgery say that the vision becomes so vivid and clear that they have to get used to all this, and yet, so colorful and three-dimensional vision is the norm, it should be. Patients simply forget that before the lens became dull, they were seen.

Patients need to remember something else. As practice shows, the vast majority of people when faced with a symptom of a lowering of view, believes that it is cataract and typically in no hurry to see a ophthalmologist. I think that there is always time to seem and accordingly to undergo surgery, as did many of their friends and all they have is normal.

Unfortunately, this often ends sadly-diagnosis, the patient comes “with the alleged cataracts”, and there is absolutely other eye disease. And to help that person because of the late treatment becomes impossible. Remember that almost all eye diseases occur with the reduced vision, but because is better to see a physician, than start disease!

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2 thoughts on “What is a cataract and how is it treated?

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