At the onset of the cold season before us the question arises: how to defend against the flu yourself and your family? The flu is a very severe and debilitating illness, so, first of all, you need to know more information about the flu virus to be prepared.
Flu are caused by viruses – microscopic life forms that invade a living cell and force it to reproduce more viruses. Infection with influenza occurs mainly by airborne droplets (sneezing, coughing and even talking) and affects the respiratory system. The flu virus affects not only humans but also animals and birds. Now there are three known types of influenza virus is a serotype A, b, C. the Flu is caused most commonly by serotype A. With the wide spread of the disease, the epidemic begins.
The greatest danger of the flu viruses is that they multiply rapidly and form new forms. Also different strains when combined produce a new one. Upon the occurrence of a new strain, immunity of the person becomes defenceless before him.
Flu is especially common in the colder months. Recent studies have shown that the viability of the virus in the air in the cold period increases as its outer membrane becomes a protective gel. And when the virus gets into the Airways, where the much higher temperature, it begins to intensify and cause infection. Although the cold does not in itself cause a viral infection, but the virus creates a fertile environment.
Many governments are aware of the danger of epidemics and take appropriate measures. But every person must take care to protect yourself and your family.
How to protect against flu yourself and your family?
Some tips will help you to arm yourself against the flu:
Fortify your body.
For this you need to sleep well and eat foods that strengthen the body’s defenses. Most of your diet should be fresh fruits and vegetables, products made from whole grains. The use of low-fat protein foods that contains amino acids that strengthen the immune system.
Let the development of infection.
During the day, if possible, you need to carefully wipe all surfaces on which food is prepared. Kitchen and Cutlery to wash after each use. Regularly change the bed linen. Disinfect door handles, the phone, remotes, etc. which are most often touched. Ventilate the room.
Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water or treat them with a disinfectant solution that you can carry in a small bottle. Wipe the face and hands only his towel.
Do not touch with unwashed hands, nose, mouth and eyes. When sneezing or coughing, use a disposable handkerchief, and immediately dispose of it. Do not touch the objects on which someone can write viruses. These precautions must be carefully instruct their children. Follow them always, but especially at risk of Contracting the flu.
Take care of others.
To infect others with the flu, you can already the day before the occurrence of its signs and within the first 5 days of the disease. Typically, the flu symptoms, although similar to the symptoms of the common cold, they are more pronounced: high fever, severe weakness, headache, pain in muscles, dry cough. In children more often than adults, there are other symptoms: nausea and vomiting, diarrhea. When you see these signs, it is better to stay home not to infect others.
At this time you need to rest more and drink plenty of fluids. Antiviral drugs only help with the first symptoms of influenza. If the children became sick, give them acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) should not be. If the symptoms similar to pneumonia such as difficulty breathing, chest pain and severe headache, you need to urgently seek medical help.
6 ways to protect yourself and your family from the flu:
- 1. When you cough or sneeze – cover your mouth and nose
- 2. Wash your hands often
- 3. Clean
- 4. Ventilate well
- 5. Stay home when sick
- 6. Avoid personal contact with the disease.
How to protect yourself and your family during an epidemic:
- 1. Too don’t worry and don’t panic
- 2. Follow the recommendations of health authorities
- 3. Avoid crowded places
- 4. Wear protective mask if sick
- 5. To stock a two week supply of non-perishable food, hygiene products and medicines in case of inability to go outside.
- 6. Apply these tips wherever there is a lot of people.