Pediculosis (lice) is a parasitic disease of the skin and hair caused by blood-sucking insects (lice). The man found only three species of pathogens that cause head lice: the head louse (Pediculus Humanus Capitis), pubic lice (Phtyrus Pubis), a louse (Pediculus Humanus Corporis).
In accordance with this emit a, head and pubic lice, there are also mixed types. The disease is considered widespread, especially among children. According to statistics, about every 10 child ever have nits.
Before lice were paid a lot of attention, as human lice have been companions of people since ancient times and is often caused epidemics of typhus. In this period, in developed countries the likelihood of Contracting typhoid, as well as get head lice is extremely small, but still has all the chances to become infected with head lice, despite the observance of all rules of hygiene and a high standard of living of the population. Contrary to popular belief, lice man can contract from animals. The fact that these parasites are species-specific, i.e., human lice can only live on humans.
Causes of head lice.
Usually, the growth of the disease by lice is associated with the deterioration of living standards of people (street children, poor sanitation, natural disasters, war), but do not too early to hope that the lice is the result of uncleanliness of a person.
Studies have shown that the parasites even like clean hair and calm feel in the water. To be infected with head lice at any place where there is a large crowd of people, especially children, they refer to the main risk group. Lice can be transmitted through any contact with the sick person, as well as through clothing, linens, household items.
The symptoms of head lice.
- Severe itching on the skin in the place where you were bitten by lice;
- Traces of scratching and irritation on the skin;
- Eggs (nits) lice on hair;
- Small grayish-bluish spots on the skin.
How to treat head lice
To treat lice you need to be patient and do not use ineffective folk remedies. For pest control requires a comprehensive approach, which you can use to get rid of the lice and nits.
To combat pubic lice is recommended to use the following method:
Shave all the hair where there are this type of parasites (pubic, armpit) if lice crawled on eyebrows and eyelashes to try manually to delete them. Processing of place of infection special medicated ointments, shampoos, sprays. To prevent infections it is recommended to disinfect the bites.
First need to boil their clothes, and then for a week to hang out in the sun in a ventilated place. Also for treatment of clothing it is possible to use special tools – insecticides. It is worth considering the fact that nits are body lice can be in the thick folds and seams of clothing, where they will be able to withstand high temperature and lack of chemical treatment.
Currently sold in pharmacies large assortment protivopedikuleznoe of money, so don’t hesitate to buy tools at the pharmacy. After You bought the medicine at the pharmacy, you should treat the hair of the head with a strict adherence to the instructions of the drug. After treatment the hair should be thoroughly washed in warm water and dry.
It should be remembered that some of the nits can survive, so it is important to remove the eggs mechanically.
Next, after treating the hair, be sure to comb the head with a metal comb with a comb.
Important: in the treatment of head lice need thermal processing (boiled, ironed with the iron) the patient’s personal linen (pillows, towels, etc.).
Prevention of head lice.
To prevent lice you need to observe personal hygiene, take a shower at least twice a week, change underwear and bed linen, to apply heat treatment of clothing and bed linen.