Knee or hip joint today become quite common operations. However, to the prosthesis caught on and people began again to lead an active lifestyle, be sure to answer this question – how to help your tissues to receive the implant.
Major complications occur in the first few weeks after surgery. Most often it is an allergic reaction to the implant, as well as the negative reaction to the presence of a foreign body in the body.
Among other complications should be highlighted:
- Severe pain.
- The thromboembolism.
- The formation of a fistula.
- Dislocation of the head of the prosthesis.
What affects the occurrence of complications? This, of course, the age of the patient, and the activity of the feet or hands after a joint replacement, General health and emotional state. Often, however, the patient can help himself to improve the process of making a tissue implant. This is not so difficult.
After the installation of a new prosthesis should be required to undergo rehabilitation in a specialized facility. First and foremost, the patient will have the opportunity to complete a full course of recovery.
Important specialized therapeutic massage performed by professionals. It helps to get rid of the pain and makes the recovery process faster. These same properties and electrotherapy.
If there are problems with stitches, the patient is recommended to undergo laser therapy. And to improve tissue regeneration is great magnetotherapy. Can not do without hot water and without medical gymnastics.
To get the best result after a full course of rehabilitation, all above procedures should be done comprehensively and only for the purpose of expert.
Choosing such hospitals or centers, it is advisable to opt for those that are away from the city in the forest area. Also, many recommended to be only single rooms to not have the same effect as a takeover of the complaints from one person to another.
Very well help to restore the training on the simulator. This is one of the best ways to ensure that the rehabilitation process was quick and painless. After this, the patient can lead the lifestyle that led to surgery.
It should be remembered that physiotherapy should be done not only in the recovery period, but every day. Select the exercise you need to expert advice and strictly individual, but it also has its contraindications. After the endoprosthesis is not allowed to perform those exercises where there are elements crossing the legs, flexing the joints more than 90 degrees, gut-wrenching motion of the hands and feet to the side.
Of exercises that are performed lying on the floor, are recommended:
- Bending the legs at the knees without lifting feet from the floor.
- Straightening and bending the legs at the knee joints.
- Abstraction aside.
You then roll over on your stomach and bend and unbend your knees and raise them up.
All exercises should be done slowly, slowly. It is not the number of repetitions and quality. While well developed motor activity, returns the possibility of independent movement, you can forget about crutches or a wheelchair.
It is important to remember that training is best done with a trainer in a group or individually. Before the training takes into account many factors, and most important – age and the period of time which has passed after the operation.
Remember that the result of a too-active action can happen a loosening of the structure, which will have a negative impact on the joint cavity and the soft tissue surrounding the prosthesis.