Bromhexine is a long-proven drug used to treat colds since Soviet times.
Despite such a long use in medicine, the drug has not lost its relevance and is prescribed for small and adult patients.
Its relevance in the treatment of colds during pregnancy depends on the general condition of the patient, as well as on the complexity of the course of pregnancy. During the bearing of the baby, Bromhexine is prescribed only in the form of a syrup.
The composition of the drug
Bromhexine is available in two pharmaceutical forms : in the form of tablets and syrup.
The composition of the drug includes the following components:
- sodium benzoate;
- bromhexine hydrochloride;
- sorbitol solution without crystal formation;
- citric acid;
- food supplement;
- flavoring (banana, duchess, orange);
- purified medical water.
A food supplement and flavoring make it possible to take the medicine even for those who cannot tolerate bitter preparations. After applying Bromgegsin, there is no unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth and no plaque.
The main cases of drug use include the following:
- complex treatment of acute respiratory infections;
- complex treatment of acute respiratory viral infections;
- dry or wet cough;
- bronchial inflammation;
- chronic diseases of the bronchi and upper respiratory tract;
- violation of the production and removal of mucus from the respiratory tract;
- complex treatment of bronchitis.
In those cases when acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections and bronchitis begin to be accompanied by more serious symptoms, including fever, barking cough, vomiting, diarrhea, insomnia, dizziness, loss of consciousness and bleeding from the nose and mouth, it is worthwhile to seek urgent medical help.
Positive effects on the body
Bromhexine quickly begins to be absorbed by the tissues of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi.
The drug causes the mucus to discharge, freeing the airways and facilitating the flow of air and swallowing.
In this case, with a wet cough, normalization of the amount of sputum occurs, and with dry, the necessary amount of mucus is secreted in order to save the patient from constant tearing of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
Gradually, all congestions from the bronchi exit.
Simultaneously with the resorption of excess sputum, there is a reorganization of the bronchi and oral cavity. This helps prevent the emergence of new bacterial colonies, giving the body time to fully recover.
What is the danger of Bromhexine for pregnant women?
Can Bromhexine be given during pregnancy? Bromhexine is prescribed to children from only two years old.
Usually, pregnant women are allowed to drink medicines that can be given to children up to a year old, therefore, among the contraindications to the use of Bromhexine, pregnancy and the lactation period are called.
The intake of this drug should be carried out under the close supervision of the attending gynecologist and therapist.
At the moment, no studies have been conducted indicating the safety of the use of the drug.
It easily penetrates through blood vessels, which suggests that Bromhexine can enter the placenta and bloodstream leading to the fetus.
In addition, among the contraindications to the use of a medicinal product are called:
- severe and chronic kidney disease;
- inflammatory process in the kidneys, as well as early medical history of an organ;
- individual intolerance to the drug;
- gastric bleeding, including previously registered.
If a pregnant woman has kidney problems, the administration of Bromhexine can provoke the appearance of protein in the kidneys, which will lead to problems with the course of pregnancy, up to a miscarriage.
Several symptoms of adverse effects on the body of patients have been reported. In most cases, they are associated with an allergy to some of the components of the drug or if the dosage is not properly observed.
The main side effects include:
- increased cough;
- skin rashes;
- the formation of a cork from mucus in the bronchi;
- heart palpitations;
- severe vomiting and nausea;
- shortness of breath when walking even at a normal pace;
- itchy feeling throughout the body;
- headache and dizziness under normal pressure;
- swelling of the upper respiratory tract;
- burning sensation in the chest and upper respiratory tract.
If in addition to the symptoms described, you will be disturbed by new ones, you should inform your doctor about their appearance.
With improper treatment, pathologies of the course of pregnancy may occur, a disruption in the functioning of the body systems, which will provoke problems in the formation of the child.
Dosage and duration of administration
Before prescribing a drug, you should find out the general condition of the patient. For this , a general blood and urine test is mandatory.
If you have kidney problems, you should undergo additional examinations and only then prescribe the appropriate treatment. Reception of Bromhexine during pregnancy is controlled by a doctor, and the course of treatment cannot be more than 5-7 days.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, it is worth giving preference to herbal preparations, since at this time Bromhexine is very dangerous for the formation of the fetus.
In the second trimester, it is allowed to prescribe a drug in a dosage of 2.5 ml twice a day, if there are no contraindications for use.
In the third trimester, the dosage may be the same as in the second. In severe cases, it is allowed to take the drug four times a day.
If during the agreed course of treatment no positive changes have occurred, it is worth changing the drug.
It is also worth switching to another medical product, after 7 days of using Bromhexine, even if there are noticeable improvements.
If this is not done, side effects or addiction may develop, then getting rid of the disease will be several times more difficult.
In the first 12 weeks of bearing a baby, Bromhexine is prescribed in very rare cases, since it is very dangerous for the health of the unborn baby.
Before the appointment during this period, be sure to check the condition of your kidneys and liver to exclude pathologies.
Strictly observe the prescribed dosage and even with the slightest doubt and health problems, seek qualified help.
In the second trimester, Bromhexine is also prescribed quite rarely and always in a small dosage. Despite the apparent harmlessness, it is necessary to control the work of the kidneys and liver.
Try not to exceed the course of treatment in five days.
In the last three months of pregnancy, doctors more willingly and not with such apprehension prescribe Bromhexine, but they still monitor the general condition of the patient.
In the last trimester, there is a high risk of edema, so if you notice this symptom, you should consult your doctor.
You may need a milder drug.
Bromhexine tablets. A similar cough suppressant. Tablets are not so effective in the treatment of diseases and are more slowly absorbed by the body.
That is why, to a greater extent, doctors prefer the appointment of more effective drugs. Bromhexine tablets can be prescribed for mild illness and only in the third trimester.
Bronchostop. Despite the identical composition, doctors rarely prescribe this drug, since it often causes side effects.
During pregnancy, you should not drink this drug on your own, as you can provoke severe allergies and kidney problems.
Mukaltin. Old pills, known back in the days of our grandparents. Excellent expectorant and eliminates even barking cough.
It is safe to use tablets from the second trimester. In the first three months of pregnancy, consult a doctor. The course of treatment is from 3 to 7 days.
Remember that any self-administration of drugs can cause irreversible consequences in the formation of the physical and mental health of the baby. Even under the supervision of a doctor, problems cannot always be avoided.
Before use, consult a specialist who can prescribe the correct dosage of the drug or completely prohibit its use.
This instruction is fact-finding and does not consider particular cases of pregnancy and the disease.