Gum disease in children

Gums in children are quite vulnerable to diseases. Their first teeth and then they are replaced by permanent, there are hormonal rebuild… All these and other physiological peculiarities of the growing organism are often factors in the development of pathologies in the oral cavity in children.


Baby’s gums are composed of very delicate, vulnerable tissues. Healthy, their color is a pale pink. In adults the gums can also be easily injured, but they differ in the ability to more rapid recovery. In children, they are slowly regenerated, and are a reflection of overall health.

The most common diseases of the periodontal tissues and gums in children are:

  • gingivitis (inflammation of the gums, in one form or another occurs in 80% of children);
  • atrophy of the gums (occurs in more than 50% of young patients);
  • children’s stomatitis (often diagnosed in children in the age range from infant to primary school age);
  • periodontitis (inflammation of periodontal tissues).

Gum disease developing due to General or local factors, called gingivitis. If time does not cure it, it will go into periodontitis, that is, the pathology will spread, except for the gums, also in muscle tissue near the tooth and bone.

Although periodontitis occurs in children infrequently, we should not ignore its prevention. Otherwise, even a healthy tooth, the child may eventually become loose and fall out. Also remember that untreated periodontal disease usually becomes chronic. And then to get rid of him is almost impossible.

When granulomatous periodontitis in the form of inflammation leads to the development of cysts on the gums occurs fistula. This happens at a caries and its complications. Anyway, if you find that the color of the gums, the child has become a bright red, between the gum and teeth having grooves, appeared breath, it is likely that the pathological process is no longer confined to the gingival tissue. In this case, must as soon as possible to consult a doctor.


Quite often children suffer from atrophy of the gums. It can cause injury, malocclusion, crowding of teeth, nagamoto carried out before orthodontic treatment. As a rule, the disease is localized in the area near the front incisors and canines. Inflammation are mild, no pain, and you will not hear from the child’s complaints. But if you leave atrophy unattended, may eventually strip the neck and root of the tooth, sensitivity will increase and there will be pain.

Periodontal disease in young patients is extremely rare. If he is diagnosed, then the child has serious problems with the immune system and vitamin deficiency. The disease is characterized by atrophy of the gingival or other periodontal Kania, and it can reach even resorption of bone. Unfortunately, this pathology is incurable and in most cases leads to loss of teeth shaky. The result brings only surgery.


The most common local factor is the growth of harmful microorganisms. Due to neglect the rules of hygiene or incorrect compliance in the oral cavity conditions are favourable for the spread of germs, and with them – the plaque eventually turns into Tartar. This contributes to the inflammation of the gums.

Also provoke the disease can the process of eruption of the first tooth and then they shift to permanent.

Malocclusion, the habit of chewing on one side of the jaws, pathology frenulum of lips and tongue can contribute to the development of gingivitis.

Finally, to inflammatory processes lead and mucosal injury (burn from too hot food or drink, a cut, a scrape, etc.).


Among the common factors include changes in the functioning of the endocrine system (typical for puberty), gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory, cardiovascular and immune systems, and allergic, to autoimmune disease, hypovitaminosis and avitaminosis.


The signals necessary to address immediately to the doctor are a child’s complaints of itching and burning in the gums, their swelling, bleeding, odor from the mouth. And to prevent the development of pathology, it is enough to observe simple rules of prevention. Watch carefully that the child is regularly and properly brush your teeth. At the stage of massaging teething baby gums with a special fingertip. Tell your child how important it is to chew food on both sides of the jaws. If you see that the baby is formed malocclusion, take care of this problem as early as possible. The temperature of the food and drinks for the child should be moderate and not to cause burns.

Compliance with the above recommendations, the most simple and right way to the health of children’s gums.

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