The hepatitis b virus or hepatitis a can be transmitted sexually or through injection of non-sterile syringe. Therefore, this diagnosis is often applied to addicts. Infection with hepatitis b virus may occur in the transmission from mother to fetus.
Viral hepatitis is called serum hepatitis. This type of hepatitis is very common. What is the reason? It’s simple: the infestation of the body with hepatitis b can occur through the blood, will be enough ingress of small quantities of viral particles, and the human body becomes infected. Viral hepatitis develops in the human body immediately after infection.
Parenteral viral hepatitis is quite dangerous, they not only destroy the immune system in General, but also have a detrimental effect on the liver.
Acute viral hepatitis is very often the culprit for the development of liver cirrhosis. This disease causes the death of many patients. In addition, cirrhosis is very difficult to treat. And if it is diagnosed in the later stages, the probability of death increases.
Today, there are many ways to get rid of hepatitis b, but to resort to treatment immediately, as soon as the virus got into the human body and began to exert its devastating effect on him.
In what situations is most often the infection occurs?
There are a number of situations where infection can occur with the greatest probability, for example:
- A blood transfusion from a donor. This method is the most common. Often donors are carriers of viral hepatitis.
- Addiction. Use of one needle by several people increases the risk of viral hepatitis in hundreds of times.
- Infection of a child during pregnancy. Very often when a mother who is a carrier of hepatitis b, a baby is born with the virus in the blood. And if the mother also has HIV infection, the probability of infection with hepatitis fetus becomes a wholly owned.
- Tattoo. It is through the application of a tattoo most modern of young people get infected with hepatitis.
- Dentist services.
- Manicure, pedicure.
- Beautician services.
- SPA complex.
In General, to exclude the possibility of infection with hepatitis b virus, it is necessary to monitor the level of sterility of all instruments used by the manicurist, hairdresser, dentist and other specialists, but not to forget to regularly take a blood test.
Classification of hepatitis known to almost everyone: is viral hepatitis A, b, C, D, E. it is Proved that the hepatitis D is a type of hepatitis B. the Most difficult thing in medicine is considered to be chronic viral hepatitis C. It is almost impossible to cure and it can lead to serious consequences for the human body. The symptoms are not much different from other types of virus.
What is the disease?
The clinical picture of infection with hepatitis b and hepatitis a are similar to symptoms of flu. The incubation period, during which the virus multiplies throughout the body, is 50-180 days. And only after this period, the disease begins to manifest itself.
Initially comes the body aches, fever, fixed severe headache, General malaise. Then you may have some mild joint pain and rashes on the body.
Then this list of symptoms and added such features:
- reduction of appetite;
- pain in the right upper quadrant;
- nausea, vomiting;
- darkening of urine;
- discoloration of feces;
- the skin becomes yellow in color.
The results of the ultrasound survey recorded increased volumes, the liver, and sometimes spleen. Blood appear some changes: increased bilirubin, increased liver enzymes, markers of the virus.
With the appearance of jaundice General condition of the patient improves. And literally within a few days, the reverse development of symptoms. But, of course, often the disease becomes chronic.
If the time to treat viral hepatitis, the chances of recovery are quite high. Just 15 weeks and repeated tests will show a full recovery.
What can cause hepatitis?
If a patient is not initiated on time or a weakened immune system, acute viral hepatitis may become chronic. In this case, the yellowness may not occur.
It is a chronic hepatitis b and chronic viral hepatitis C pose the greatest danger to the human body. Almost always the patient feels constant discomfort, excessive fatigue, inability to perform physical activity at the same level. But these symptoms are intermittent, so the patient may not be taken seriously the disease.
In addition, there may be more and severe symptoms:
- pain in the upper abdomen;
- pain in muscles and joints;
- darkening of urine;
- disorders of hearing.
One of the most visible external symptoms of the disease is yellowing of the skin and the sclera of the eye.
What are the diagnostic methods?
Diagnosis of viral hepatitis C is among the most challenging diagnostics of various types of hepatitis. To determine the presence of the virus or its complete absence can infectious disease physician. If it is confirmed the fact of chronic hepatitis, the treatment deals with the hepatologist or gastroenterologist.
Principles of diagnosis are based on ICD-10 and blood, namely:
- the identification of specific markers in the blood test results;
- changes in biochemical parameters of blood.
To establish the presence of the virus, you need to take a blood test. At the same time during delivery the patient should indicate if he uses intravenous drugs, participation in blood transfusion. Also need to say about any surgical interventions that might occur, or any other manipulation, which could be infected with hepatitis.
But above all, it is necessary to monitor the state changes of the organism. If there are any changes in usual mode of the day, or there’s some symptoms associated with the development of the hepatitis b virus, the patient should immediately consult the local physician and tell about them. The doctor, in turn, needs to order additional testing to identify any deviations. Treatment of viral hepatitis b is conducted under the supervision of the respective doctor.
How to treat the disease?
Treatment of viral hepatitis C and other types of the infection depends on the degree of infestation. First we need to define the stage of development of the virus, then to eliminate external influence factors and causes and then prescribe the correct course of treatment. Is antiviral therapy of hepatitis C.
In any case, the patient will need to follow a strict diet. To completely eliminate drugs and alcohol if such were used. If the patient has accompanying diseases are present, you need to consult with your doctor about their treatment in the complex.
If the patient has acute or cytomegalovirus hepatitis, then the only accepted method of supporting detoxification and drugs. Their task is to flush toxins from the body and restore the liver tissue. The virus itself is not treated.
Well, if it’s chronic stage, then it should be complex treatment. It is chosen individually for each patient. It can be:
- the antiviral medication alpha interferon;
- analogues of nucleosides;
- immunostimulatory drugs.
They help to reduce the rate of development of the virus and restore the liver tissue. Of course, the main emphasis is on antiviral treatment requires prevention of disease.
It is worth saying that a complete cure from chronic hepatitis may not happen. In most cases is exactly what happens. But in this situation the patient need to monitor their lifestyle and to undergo periodic maintenance therapy. And, of course, diet: proper nutrition is necessary.
If the detected viral hepatitis in children, we have to resort to similar methods of treatment.