Causes burning sensation after urination

Burning after urination can be due to pathologies and inflammatory processes of internal organs, and physical injury of the urethra.

Any discomfort during urination, whether it is pain, cramps or burning should be an occasion for seeking the advice of a doctor (urologist, gynecologist or andrologist).

This symptom is burning after urination can indicate:

  • cystitis;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • the release of sand or renal calculi through the urethra;
  • candidiasis genital;
  • infectious or physical lesions of the urethra;
  • some sexually transmitted diseases;
  • local allergic reaction;
  • vaginitis (in women);
  • prostatitis or BPH (in men).

The list of reasons is quite extensive, but each of the diseases in addition to burning sensation after urination has other more specific symptoms

Benign causes

In addition to dangerous pathologies, burning after urination may be caused by innocuous reasons:

  • consumption, particularly the burning and spicy food, after alcohol, coffee and carbonated drinks;
  • women after sex be a symptom of, if in the process of active intercourse was injured the urethra or the mucous membrane of the genital organs;
  • after using urogenital catheter can appear difficulty with starting urination and a burning sensation in the end of the process;
  • after a prolonged delivery in women often present pain when urinating;
  • during dehydration there is an increase in the concentration of salts in the urine.

Eliminating the burning of this nature occurs by the body within a few days. In some cases, may require the use of antispasmodic drugs.


Due to lesions of the internal mucous membrane of the bladder by bacteria or other representatives of pathogenic microflora are formed breakouts. The decay products (pus, mucus), passing through the urethra, causing local irritation, which leads to burning sensation during and after urination.

Cloudy urine is one of the signs of cystitis

In addition, the main symptoms of cystitis are:

  • very frequent but unproductive urges to urinate;
  • periodic or constant pain whining character in the area of the pubic bone, worse after emptying bladder;
  • the increase in overall body temperature;
  • clouding of urine.

Cystitis more susceptible women of childbearing age (16-45 years) due to some physiological peculiarities of the organism.


Inflammation of the internal tissues of the kidneys leads to the excretion of protein through urine, the appearance of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and bacteria.

But this disease inherent in most first burning urination, and after the process occurs only pressive pain in the urethra

To suspect yourself pyelonephritis is possible, if further observed:

  • feeling pain in one or both kidneys;
  • the increase in body temperature;
  • symptoms of intoxication (nausea, dizziness, dry mouth, etc.);
  • frequent urination with difficulties in the beginning of the process.

Pyelonephritis is a dangerous condition that requires medical attention, and when it occurs during pregnancy and hospital treatment.

Rocks and sand in the kidneys

The output of stone or sand through the urethra is the final stage of their movement.

If the stone moves, can seriously injure the ureter and the mucosa of the urethra. This leads to the appearance of bright red blood in the urine and severe pain in the motion of a stone, and after its release, when the salt composition of urine irritating the wound surface of the mucous membrane (when burning due to the ingress of salt in the wound).

The output of the stones is usually accompanied by severe pain in the region of the kidneys or one of them

The movement of sand is not so traumatic, and therefore does not always cause the appearance of blood. But burning sensation after urination will be felt for a few days after its release.

Particles of sand and small stones can be seen in the urine with the naked eye.

Larger stones without timely medical care can lead to rupture of the ureter or urethra.


The mucous membranes of the bodies of colonies of Candida is called candidiasis or thrush.

The disease causes the appearance of whitish plaque, which is formed ulcerated surface. The affected epithelium looks edematous and reddened.
Candidiasis of the vagina and penis head very often causes damage to the inner lining of the urethra – urethritis Candida.

The disease is characterized by:

  • the constant feeling of itching;
  • burning in the urethra during and after urination;
  • redness of the labia, the surface of the vagina, glans penis and the external opening of the urethra;
  • men visible whitish discharge from the urethra.

Treat candidiasis the use of antibiotics with antifungal action in the form of dosage forms for local application (vaginal suppositories, ointments) and products (tablets and capsules for oral consumption).

Infectious or physical lesions of the urethra

Retrogradely channel can become infected by fungi and bacteria, but most days it is bacterial defeat.

Bacterial urethritis can be caused by Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, gonorrhea and other pathogenic organisms

In the disease process the patient is observed:

  • burning after urination (can also be present during the process);
  • discharge from the urethra (glassy, purulent, thready);
  • “bonding” of the meatus mucous discharge.

Treatment is local application ointments, lavage of the urethra antibacterial solutions, receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Physical injury of the urethra also causes urethritis and burning sensation in the urethra. This usually occurs due to injury of the pubis in females and the penis in men.
If you have any discomfort when urinating after the injury should consult a physician to identify possible internal bruising, tears and bleeding.

Venereal disease

Burning after and during urination is one of the first symptoms of many sexually transmitted diseases. But with the development of the disease the clinical picture is expanded, it adds new symptoms. That’s why it is better to consult the doctor when there is only a single symptom.

If any discomfort during and after urination it is better to address to the gynecologist (for women) or back (for men)

So, if gonorrhea is present pain beginning of urination and during ejaculation, the urethra is allocated purulent mucous discharge origin (yellow, green or brown), there is swelling of the mucous membranes of the genitals and perineum.

While the overall picture of chlamydia are usually mild and consists of the appearance transparent viscous discharge from the urethra (especially in men), yellowish vaginal discharge, burning and itching genitals, which intensified during and after urination.

Trichomoniasis in women is characterized by the presence of a mucous vaginal discharge with a slight odor of fish and having a foam structure. Also there is swelling of the vaginal walls and external genitals, severe itching and burning. After birth, significantly increasing the risk of penetration of pathogens outside of the vagina (the uterus and the fallopian tubes). It is fraught with the appearance of adhesions, cysts and inflammation of the walls of the uterus.

Men appear frothy discharge from the urethra, and acute urethritis in the form of reddening of the external opening of the urethra and sharp pains when going to the toilet, especially after urination.

During the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases it is necessary to refuse from sex


Large selection of funds for intimate hygiene at the present time has led to the fact that increasingly there are cases of noninfectious urethritis, allergic nature of origin.

When this occurs swelling and inflames the inner lumen of the urethra that causes burning sensation particularly after urination.


This is a condition in which the surface of the vagina exposed to the aggression of a variety of pathogenic microorganisms.

Vaginitis can spread to the surface of the external genitalia, affecting the urethra.

Common symptoms such as itching, redness, highlighting different structures and color is added and a burning sensation after urination in women. After the process can also be painful.

Prostatitis or BPH

And inflammation and neoplasm in the tissue of the prostate make it increased in size.

Physiological location of the prostate contributes to the compression of the urethra and urinary retention

In this case, there is an acute urethritis, which without proper treatment of the root cause soon passes into a chronic phase that is fraught with the beginning of adhesions and disturbances in erectile function.

Burning after urination is rarely an isolated symptom. But this expression clearly indicates the presence of possible abnormalities in the pelvic organs and urinary system.

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