With an atrophic hyperplastic form of gastritis, a menu with a restriction of products that contribute to irritation of the walls of the stomach is necessary.
There are several principles that should be followed during nutrition with atrophic gastritis of the stomach:
- all products must be boiled, steamed, stewed, baked;
- you need to take food in a grated form in small portions in order to free the stomach from excess load;
- baking is not allowed to eat fresh, only “yesterday”;
- porridge for the first time must be cooked in water or diluted milk;
- prepare soups on diluted broths from lean meats;
- add vitamin C rich foods to the diet to increase acidity;
- There is no ban on vegetables and fruits in any form.
In addition, there is a list of prohibited and permitted products for consumption.
|Prohibited Products||Allowed Products|
|Butter and other fresh baked goods||Stale bread, biscuits, crackers, not fully dried biscuit|
|Canned food and pickles||Dietary meats and fish|
|Fatty meats (pork, lard) and fish||Boiled eggs and steamed omelet|
|Some cereals: millet, barley, barley||Cereals: rice, buckwheat, semolina, hercules|
|Sour soups, fatty broths, okroshka||Low-fat cheese, butter, low-acid dairy products|
|Horseradish, mustard, spicy sauces||Vegetable oil|
|Peas, beans and other legumes||Potatoes, carrots, cauliflower, cucumbers, tomatoes|
|Fried eggs, hard boiled eggs||Freshly squeezed juices|
|Carbonated drinks, strong coffee||Pastille, marshmallows, marmalade|
|Smoked products||Cocoa, weak tea, jelly and compote|
It is necessary to observe a diet not one – two weeks, but not less than several months.
Nutrition in atrophic form with low acidity
Inflammation of the stomach with low acidity appears as a result of depletion of the mucous membrane of the organ. Dead glandular epithelium loses the ability to reproduce hydrochloric acid, which helps to digest food. In addition, the digestive secret and enzymes are in short supply, with the help of which the assimilation of the necessary micro- and macroelements necessary for the body occurs.
It is important to eat food by the clock. In this case, the body adapts to produce enough gastric juice
A diet with this form of gastritis should include foods in the diet that will stimulate the production of gastric juice and enzymes. Such foods include: low-fat varieties of meat and fish, sour fruits and juices, vegetable dishes.
It is strictly forbidden to use foods that can cause fermentation in the digestive tract: butter and bakery products, milk, etc. It is necessary to eat at least 6 times a day for the best assimilation of food, overeating is not allowed.
Gastritis with high acidity occurs due to malnutrition. From this it should be concluded that the diet for atrophic gastritis of the stomach should be immediately adjusted. You should remember which food should be on the menu and which should be excluded.
Do not eat fried, oily, spicy foods. In addition, it is necessary to exclude bad habits (drinking and smoking). All this will contribute to an increase in acidity, which can lead to an inflammatory process with atrophy and to attacks of nausea and vomiting.
The following products are also excluded from the diet: citrus fruits, grapes, sparkling water, freshly baked bread, onions and garlic, flavorings in the form of spices. In addition, do not eat too hot or cold dishes. They can remain in the stomach for a long time.
Specialists recommended the use of low-fat milk powder. Raw vegetables and fruits must be replaced with boiled and steamed. Good effect on the digestion of porridge, stewed fruit, mashed potatoes. For best assimilation, whip the products with a blender.
The chronic form of gastritis is a pathology that lasts at least 3-4 months without the absence of proper treatment. The results from the therapy have to wait a fairly long time. A provocateur in the development of the disease is malnutrition, alcohol abuse and uncontrolled medication.
The main point on the path to healthy digestion is a strict diet. As with the focal form of gastritis, it is necessary to observe simple rules: fractional frequent meals, ground food, amenable to heat treatment, rejection of bad habits, canned food, greasy and fried foods, smoked meats, pickles.
The prohibition of alcohol is an important condition for the restoration of the body
A few recipes for proper nutrition
Further, several recipes that are recommended for use by patients.
Recipe number 1. Steamed chicken meatballs
Minced chicken breast is mixed with a small mashed onion, a little salt and an egg. They beat well, forming a cutlet. They put them in a water bath and wait 15-20 minutes until ready. It is good to use steam cutlets with mashed potatoes or buckwheat.
Recipe number 2. Vegetable stew with meat
Rinse a small piece of beef and cut into cubes. Also cut into cubes potatoes, carrots, onions, eggplant or zucchini, tomato. Put everything in one form, add a little salt and add greens. Put in the oven preheated to 220 degrees and bake for about 45-50 minutes, covering the baking sheet with foil. You can use a sleeve for baking.
Recipe number 3. Pumpkin soup puree
A small piece of peeled pumpkin, grate carrots and onions and cook. Beat the resulting broth with vegetables with a blender until smooth and add a small piece of butter and milk. After this, it is necessary to bring the soup back to a boil, salt it to taste, adding a pinch of fresh or dried herbs.
Atrophic gastritis is a pathological condition characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa with the disappearance of its secretory cells. As a result, food that has entered the gastrointestinal tract stops being absorbed, the body begins to suffer from a deficiency of vitamins and other nutrients.