Osteoporosis is a chronic disease that is constantly progressing and is a systemic disease of the skeleton. The main manifestation is a reduction in bone density and considerable fragility, which increases the risk of fracture by several times.
Osteoporosis at a young age is very rare, so at the first manifestations should be sure to look for the causes of the disease.
Most often pathology develops in women but found in men. Usually it is detected when it has already happened to fracture, especially of the femur, which is considered the most serious and life-threatening.
Worldwide mortality from osteoporosis is several times higher than mortality from cancer, except lung cancer.
It should be remembered that osteoporosis is polietiologic disease, i.e. it can occur for a variety of reasons, and figuring them out is sometimes hard.
Main causes are genetic. Of course, there is no evidence that the disease is inherited, but there are some significant factors that belong to this group.
For example, a disease most often seen among Europeans and those who belong to the Mongoloid race. Also pathological fractures more often in people who are in close relationship.
Another important factor is the elderly or old age. At this age bones break most often. Among other similar reasons should be called too tall, fragile, low weight, female gender.
Surprisingly, for reasons which can cause osteoporosis at a young age, should include any violation of hormones in the body, as well as the rare sex. This suggests that any endocrinological disorders can cause serious disease. Therefore at the slightest suspicion on this disease it is necessary to consult a specialist.
By the predisposing factors for women include infertility, with almost all of its forms, some periods of absence of menstruation, although the menopause has not yet come, early menopause.
It is proven that regular Smoking of tobacco, and alcoholism are the most common causes of different pathologies of internal organs. Now it is proved that this list includes osteoporosis. Especially dangerous are these bad habits for women who have other diseases, most often diabetes or blood diseases.
Other precipitating factors include weakness, sedentary lifestyle, constant sitting in one place. However, excessive stress also can not be considered normal.
Other factors that may cause increased fragility of the bones, can be attributed to a lack of calcium and vitamin D. this Happens when the wrong diet, a permanent diet, and without walking in the street.
There are diseases in which osteoporosis in young people appears often.
Here is the list:
- Cushing’s Syndrome.
- Primary hypogonadism.
- Addison’s Disease.
- Multiple myeloma.
- Pernicious anemia.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Bechterew’s Disease.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus.
- Transplantation of organs.
- Chronic renal failure.
All patients with these diseases need to undergo examination that determines bone density, which allows to identify the initial manifestation of osteoporosis in the first stage, when no symptoms yet.
There are a number of drugs that negatively affect bone density. Especially careful should be those who take glucocorticosteroid on a constant basis, thyroid hormones, anticoagulants, both direct and indirect, anticonvulsants, cytostatics, antibiotics several tetracyclines.
However, there are cases when to identify the cause of the disease fails, then you should talk about the idiopathic form.