The condition of the cervical person depends largely on the normal functioning of other organs and systems. Any violations in this area can negatively affect overall well-being. One of the destructive processes that affect many people aged 20 years – protrusion.
It develops because of deformation of the structure of the intervertebral disks and failure in metabolism. Without proper treatment this disease is able to lead to the development of a herniated disc and even to disability.
The causes of protrusion of the neck
In the cervical spine has seven disks. They do not have their own blood vessels and receive nutrients and oxygen by diffusion from adjacent tissues. Any violations in this exchange lead to disastrous consequences: the discs deform, swell or protrude. Most of the violations occur in the areas of C5-C6 and C6-C7.
Protrusion of the cervical is a serious illness that has symptoms.
The main reasons for its occurrence physicians include:
- improper diet, which disrupts the metabolism in the body as a whole and leads to the development of degenerative processes in the neck;
- heredity – the cause of the destruction of disks can be congenital abnormalities;
- serious physical load can cause deformation or displacement of the vertebrae, and the absence of timely treatment can lead to develop hernias;
- awkward position of the spine – long stay in uncomfortable posture impairs blood flow in the neck, and the first painful sensations arise when trying to straighten;
- sedentary nature of work is one of the most frequent causes of illness;
- advanced age;
- lowered immunity;
- of the injury;
To prevent the development of disease, you need to follow their way of life. In its prevention is indispensable therapeutic exercises, proper nutrition, walks in fresh air. Ditch unhealthy habits and choose carefully the mattress and a pillow to sleep.
Symptoms protrusion of neck
The main symptoms of protrusion at sites C5-C6 and C6-C7 pain radiating to the back of the head, limbs, intercostal space and the neck. They are aggravated by bending and turning the head. Among other signs of the disease include:
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- noise in the ears;
- the feeling of tiredness even after minor exertion;
- numbness of limbs, spontaneous twitching of the fingers;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- the feeling of stiffness when moving;
- depressed psychological state.
All these symptoms give reason to suspect the development of protrusion of the neck and provide a compelling reason for going to the doctor.
Different patients experience pain differently. Some disease begins almost asymptomatic and is manifested only when the penetration of the disc into the spinal canal increases significantly.
Listen to yourself in order to ignore the “alarm bells” such as, for example, back pain with long sitting at the computer or driving a car.
Late diagnosis can cause many serious complications: cervical radiculitis, hernia, stroke or paralysis.
Diagnosis and treatment of protrusion of cervical spine
Diagnosis of the disease begins with an external inspection and palpation of the affected area. During the conversation with the patient, the physician finds out the symptoms of the disease and on this basis assigns further study. These include magnetic resonance or computed tomography. They help to establish the presence of the protrusion and the cause.
Treatment of disc protrusion of the cervical spine can be divided into several stages:
- pain relief;
- to eliminate the underlying problem;
- the restoration of disturbed metabolism in the back;
- to prevent further development of disease;
- the normalization of the General condition of the patient.
Most often for the treatment of protrusion of the neck are used conservative methods: drugs and physiotherapy. Surgical intervention may be required only in the following cases:
- if the pain is constantly increasing;
- if conservative treatment for two months did not lead to improvement;
- if there is a threat of life of the patient.
Today surgery for protrusion are most often carried out with a laser. They involve a partial removal of the nucleus pulposus, which leads to a decrease of the disc, or setting it into place. The use of modern technologies allows to reduce the rehabilitation period to a minimum.
Conservative treatment of protrusion of cervical spine
Most often therapy involves the administration of drugs. To arrest pain by using analgesics, to mitigate inflammation used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To remove the muscle spasms that cause extreme discomfort, apply muscle relaxants.
The disease is connected with violation of blood circulation in the damaged area, failure of metabolic processes in cartilaginous tissue. For normalization of the patient prescribed biostimulants. Patients are also recommended to take vitamins that strengthen the immune system, and chondroprotectors – substances that help the speedy restoration of cartilage.
Therapy protrusion of the neck may not be limited to just taking medications. For quick recovery it is necessary to combine it with hardware therapy, massage, acupuncture and physiotherapy. These treatments help to restore the disturbed circulation in the spine and to establish the metabolic processes.
How to treat the protrusion with the help of physical therapy
The view that illness can be cured by drugs alone, is wrong. Need to change the way of life of the patient to include physical activity. Physiotherapy sessions help stop the destructive process and to strengthen the muscle corset. They are especially effective if the cause of the disease is cervical osteochondrosis. To exercises can begin when the acute phase of the illness will be overcome.
A set of exercises to be agreed with the doctor, and then perform it at home.
Often used the following activity:
- the head tilts to the shoulders in a racked position;
- the tension of the neck muscles (whiskey is compressed by hand or pressing a palm to the forehead);
- head turns;
- it tilts to the jugular fossa, etc.
Doing physical therapy at home, try not to overdo it: if any exercise causes you pain, avoid its execution. Follow the breath: it should be quiet and smooth.
Protrusion of the neck, especially dorsally, very dangerous, because they can lead to hernias, and even to disability. To prevent their development, maintain a healthy lifestyle, listen to your body and contact your doctor at the first sign of trouble.