04.12.2020

Protrusion of the discs of the lumbar spine

Pain in the lower back that appear at turns and slopes, often show the development of the protrusion. By this term is understood the protrusion of intervertebral discs.

A distinctive feature of the disease is in its asymptomatic course until, until the compression of the nerve roots. That is why the treatment of protrusion of lumbar begin only at the last stage, when there is a real risk of hernia.

Reasons

Protrusion of the lumbar spine develops because of the increased pressure on cartilage and the appearance of degenerative processes in its structure. The initial step in the development of this disease is low back pain.

The main reasons for the emergence of a protrusion include the following:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • anatomical structure of the spine;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • post-traumatic deformity;
  • endocrine pathology;
  • the metabolic disorder;
  • prolonged stay in one position;
  • not strong enough back muscles;
  • excessive physical exertion;
  • occupation professional sports;
  • the presence of excess weight;
  • age-related processes.

Symptoms

Protrusion of the lumbar discs is usually accompanied by severe pain. Symptoms vary depending on stage of pathology.

The most common symptoms of protrusion include the following:

  • pain in the affected area, which is constantly present;
  • pain in the limbs;
  • cramps in the legs;
  • temporary discomfort after physical activity;
  • the muscle weakness is more severe in the legs;
  • tingling in the lower extremities;
  • radiculitis in the lumbosacral;
  • violation of the sensitivity of the skin;
  • stiffness in the lower back.

In severe cases the symptoms include protrusion of the violation of urination. The appearance of this symptom needs to urgently consult a doctor.

The protrusion can affect any segment of the spine. As a rule, affected vertebrae L4-L5, which are located over the lumbosacral area. Often there is a loss region L5-S1.

Depending on the lesion may have different symptoms:

  • L1-L2 – the discomfort is felt in lower back and muscle tissue of the buttocks;
  • L2-L3 – pain occurs in the inside of the thighs and buttocks;
  • L3-L4 – pain is felt in the legs along the entire length of the muscle tissue;
  • L4-L5 – pain occurs in the calf muscles;
  • L5-S1 – pain appear in the lower back and is felt on the outer surface of the lower limb.
Treatments

Treatment of protrusion of lumbar sacral made by traditional methods. In advanced cases, surgery is performed. If you start to treat the disease at an early stage of development, everything goes fairly quickly and painlessly. Usually, doctors recommend special exercises, therapeutic massage, medications.

Conservative treatment

Protrusion usually responds well to treatment with conservative methods that help cope with pain and inflammation, strengthen muscle tissue and restore function of the spine.
Drug treatment is carried out during the acute illness. At this stage, apply analgesics that allow you to stop pain and to normalize the human condition.

Also frequently prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins and muscle relaxants. Through such means it is possible to eliminate inflammation and reduce compression of nerve fibers. Sometimes you may need injections of anesthetic or steroid hormones.

To cure the protrusion of the lumbar, it is very important to conduct a comprehensive treatment. In addition to drugs, often used physiotherapy, yoga, massage.

One of the most effective ways to treat disease is therapeutic exercise. Special exercises allow to increase locomotor activity and to arrest the inflammatory process. It is best to do the complex under the guidance of an experienced coach, however, and the self-study will also be very useful.

Another effective method of therapy is massage. This procedure must be carried out by a professional. At the initial stage, all movements should be as neat and smooth. It is very important to avoid exposure to the affected areas.

To correct subluxation in the joints apply a spinal traction. This procedure can be carried out dry or underwater method. In any case, it allows to increase the distance between the vertebrae and to eliminate compression of the nerve endings.

With the help of laser could boost the metabolic rate to cope with the pain and to eliminate inflammation. Due to the laser exposure strengthens the immune system and improves the nutrition of the affected tissues.

To improve the condition of the immune system allows also magnetic. By applying this technique it is possible to normalize the metabolism and to restore the functioning of the circulatory system.

To stop pain help acupuncture. It can be used as an additional method of treatment of the disease.

Surgery

With the development protrusion of the lumbosacral surgery is performed very rarely because it increases the likelihood of hernia and other unpleasant complications. However, in some cases to do without a surgical intervention impossible.

Indications for the operation is as follows:

  1. Conservative treatment does not give results within six months.
  2. The protrusion has a rapid development.
  3. Fibrous ring there’s too much that can lead to the loss of health.

Found effective remedy for pains and for the treatment of joints:

  • natural composition,
  • with no side effects
  • efficiency, proven expert,
  • a quick result.
Folk remedies

To reduce the pain and reduce inflammation, you can apply a treatment of folk remedies. As a Supplement to the basic therapy are allowed to use herbal teas, compresses, tinctures. It should be noted that these funds can not be the main for this diagnosis.

To resolve sharp pain on the affected area of the spine can compress prepared on the basis of honey and garlic. Duration of treatment should be 20 minutes. To prepare means you need to take honey and garlic in proportion of 2:1.

Effective means of eliminating pain syndrome is considered a bath with the addition of turpentine. You need to collect warm water, add 10 g of baby soap, 250 ml of turpentine and salicylic acid 1 %. To take a bath can be no longer than 10 minutes.

Protrusion – a rather unpleasant disease, which is accompanied by intense pain and can lead to dangerous consequences. To avoid this, the first manifestations of the disease should be a signal for a visit to the doctor.

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