In children pure gastritis is rare. Basically, inflammation is not only the stomach, but the section immediately after pylorus – duodenum.
The reason for this is the weakening of their protective factors and the strengthening of the aggressive, resulting in starts autolysis (the digestion of gastric juice mucous surfaces).
This imbalance of the gastrointestinal tract can cause:
- 1. Helicobacter pylori infection is an infectious disease, an agent provocateur which is a harmful microorganism Helicobacter pylori;
- 2. antibiotics, hormones and other drugs affecting the microflora of the stomach;
- 3. violation of diet;
- 4. passive Smoking;
- 5. unfavorable psychological atmosphere in the family, school;
- 6. food poisoning and allergies;
- 7. genetic predisposition.
I should add that gastritis often appear in children aged 5-6 years, 9-12 years, that is, in periods of intensive growth and development of all internal systems and organs. The incidence, according to statistics, girls and boys are about the same.
What is the disease?
Symptoms and signs of child gastritis of the stomach did not differ from the adult. Child pain in upper abdominal (epigastric) region of the stomach of varying intensity (depending on the shape, nature of the disease and the perception of pain by the little man). The origin time of the attack have on an empty stomach and an hour after eating but can occur early pain after 15-20 minutes, the child will eat.
The strengthening of pain always conducive to fast walking, jumping, running and other physical activity, the relief that a small amount of food allowed. Bloating and abdominal discomfort may accompany the pain, however, there are cases when these symptoms are in isolation from the pain: there when it is fading or in the interictal phase.
Another symptom of the pathology of the stomach is heartburn (a burning sensation behind the breastbone in the center of the esophagus), aggravated by bending. If the child is suffering from hyperacid chronic gastritis, the development of which is associated with increased acidity of gastric juice, then this symptoms associated burping with sour taste.
Vomiting, nausea, irregularity (diarrhea, sometimes alternating with constipation), hypersalivation (increased salivation), are also the primary symptoms of the inflammatory process in the gastrointestinal tract in children. The increase in body temperature up to subfebrile (polyharmonic) marks can be observed if the reason for the pathological condition was food poisoning.
As for the secondary symptoms, they include: loss of appetite, fatigue, drowsiness. Experts determine the presence of these phenomena of incomplete digestion by the stomach received nutrients.
Symptoms associated with external changes, characterized by:
- a pale skin;
- the blueness under the eyes;
- tongue with whitish or greyish tinge.
How to identify gastritis in a young child?
Infants and kids a little older than one year become restless, often crying for antispasmodic pain, refuse to eat. Parents notice a decrease of activity, lethargy, detachment from everything close to what is happening. Multiple liquid defecation, regurgitation of the ingested food mixed with blood, mucus or bile gastritis symptoms in a child of any age who require early professional diagnosis and medical treatment.
Doctors determine the presence of diseases of the stomach by using the following surveys:
- gastrofibroscopy diagnostic method based on the introduction through the throat into the stomach of a thin, flexible tube with a camera;
- analysis of blood and urine;
- bacterial culture on pathogenic flora;
- ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity;
- intragastric (intragastric) pH meter methods of determining the acidity of the gastric environment through the use of transnasal probe.
In case of chronic gastritis there is a need for differentiation from holecistoholangit (pathologies developed as a result of stagnation of bile), stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, worm infestation, indolent forms of appendicitis and pancreatitis.
Gastritis is 2 flows:
Chronic often develop in the early school years amid greater physical and psycho-emotional stress, as well as due to changes in diet. This form of the disease can long be asymptomatic or low. However, morphological modifications (transformation in the anatomical structure of the body and tissues) occur: the cells gradually lose the ability of self-regeneration, which leads to atrophy, disrupted the normal structure of the digestive juice.
In contrast to chronic, acute is characterized by a sudden lesion of the gastric mucosa and vivid symptoms. The course of the inflammatory process can occur in anyone, particularly in preschoolers. Ignoring symptoms or the wrong Tractate, the lack of adequate treatment can lead to the transition of acute forms to chronic.
Overview of drugs
During exacerbation, it is important to comply with bed rest and a time to abstain from food (usually not eat for 8-12 hours after the first symptoms of the disease). If there is an acute infectious gastritis, the treatment is based on the reception of adsorbents (POLYSORB, Smectite), antibiotics (Amoxicillin, Amosin, Clarithromycin), enzyme preparations (Mezim, pankreatin). In the case of severe dehydration, doctors perform infusion therapy through which the child’s body parenteral receives water and nutrients.
To stop vomiting and achievements of antireflux effect can be used prokineticakimi funds (Reglan, Motilium). In the treatment of pain specialists use spazmolitiki (But-shpa, Papaverine).
Children suffering from chronic hypoacid gastritis, assigned a 2% solution of pepsin with hydrochloric acid, intake of which should be done for 15-20 minutes before eating. If your child has high acidity, the doctor prescribes medication antacid action, for example, Almagel, aluminium phosphate gel. Positively proved itself in the treatment hyperintense diseases and drug Calm. It not only inhibits the proteolytic activity of gastric juice and protects the wall of the digestive organ but also gives analgesic effect. Children from 3 to 12 years the other day prescribed half a tablet, teenagers, for a pills 3 times per day.
In addition to the medical treatment recommended for certain types of therapy (in the absence of contraindications to them): paraffin, mud, ozokerite application on the area of the epigastrium, galvanization, phonophoresis, as well as sanitary-resort treatment. Observe a strict diet.
Alternative medicine popular in the modern world. Each method shall be subject to agreement with your doctor, especially when we are talking about the baby.
1. A decoction of elecampane to the healing of the mucous lining of the stomach.
Powdered roots of medicinal plants, taken in an amount of 15 g, pour a glass of boiling water in a metal bowl placed in a water bath. A quarter of an hour the medium is removed from heat and cooled. Broth should take ¼ or ½ Cup (depending on age) 3 times a day.
2. Potato juice as an antacid and protivosokowoe funds.
Freshly squeezed potato juice to drink on an empty stomach for 10 days. Then it is recommended to make a break for the same period and repeat another 1-2 years. In the case of gastritis in children up to 3 years dosage should be no more than 50 ml, children older – 100 ml.
3. A decoction of calamus for the neutralization of hydrochloric acid and regulation of the gastrointestinal tract.
10 g of chopped rhizomes of calamus should pour 200 ml of boiling water. Continue cooking in a water bath for 15 minutes. Ready the liquid to cool, strain and take 3 times a day for a quarter Cup.
What you can and cannot eat?
In chronic type, the child should not eat salty, spicy, fatty, fried food, spices. Excluded the consumption of carbonated drinks, coffee, brew strong tea. If there is an acute form of the disease, the diet primarily focuses on the unloading of the stomach. This will require intermittent fasting combined with hearty drink. After “hungry” diet for gastritis in the next 10-12 hours in the diet are decoctions of the cereals, vegetables, hips.
Next, a list of foods that you can eat, expands. Allowed is:
- white bread yesterday’s baking, crackers;
- grated vegetarian or milk soups;
- meals of well boiled macaroni products;
- steam cutlets, friedelin of lean meats;
- cooked fish made her dumplings;
- milk, particularly condensed, sour yogurt, cheese casserole;
- cooked bitter vegetables;
- porridge made from different grains;
- sweet berries and fruits without a peel.
These foods you need to eat small portions 5-7 times a day. As for the drinking, it is recommended the consumption of fruit drinks, milkshakes, jellies of sour fruits and berries, weak tea (with cream or milk), carbonated mineral water. If the children have any gastritis of the stomach against adverse mental situation in the house, to calm the nerves can be used drinks of chamomile, thyme, hawthorn.
In food process cannot be rushed: the food should be mechanically well-crafted. You should pay attention to its temperature – a child can be given to eat mild hot/cold dishes.
To comply with the rules prevention is always easier than to treat the disease. So parents should make every effort to have their child:
- 1. adhere to the correct routine (sleep at least 9-10 hours walk in the fresh air and moderate physical activity);
- 2. during the meal, do not hurry, do not talk, thoroughly chewed food;
- 3. was surrounded by a family friendly atmosphere;
- 4. visited the dentist in a timely manner to prevent and treat dental pathologies, regularly complied with the oral hygiene.