The development of spastic bouts of coughing characteristic of many diseases of the bronchial tree. For their relief may be subject to special medicines. Instructions for use of “Flomax” for inhalation of this page includes indications children and adults, proportions and dosage for dilutions.
Drugs, the drug dilates the bronchial tubes, helps to improve the discharge of phlegm, relieves attacks of dry cough. The effect lasts for about 6 hours.
“Flomax” for inhalation can be used only by prescription since the main active ingredient has a number of contraindications for use. So don’t self-treatment. With the development of coughing and choking, consult a doctor. If the specialist has prescribed inhalation “Berodual”, then also it is advisable to purchase for these purposes, special medical apparatus nebulizer. It can be used to accurately dose medication for inhalation.
The efficacy of “Flomax” for inhalation: medical properties
The main property of this drug is the ability to quickly and effectively terminate the spasm of the bronchial tree and trachea. Improves supply of tissues with oxygen, reduces the risk of accumulation of carbon dioxide. Efficiency proven, practical, and clinical trials. The correct use of “Flomax” for inhalation reduces the number and duration of cough attacks. What healing properties allow to achieve a similar effect, will be described below.
But first it should be clarified that the pharmacological industry produces two products: a ready-made spray in a bottle with a dispenser and solution for dispensing in the home. For children it is advisable to use a solution with the addition of saline. An adult can use ready-made inhaler. The drug belongs to the group of bronchodilators, it includes two active components: ipratropium bromide and Fenoterolum. The first component is responsible for blocking irritating effect on the cholinergic receptors. Decreases the degree of stimulation of the vagus nerve. Blocks cough reflex. Reduced production of mucous secretion in the bronchial tree. The action of ipratropium purely local, it does not affect the process of evacuation of sputum recovered, but stimulates the ciliary epithelium.
Fenoterol has a positive effect on the promotion of health b2-adrenergic receptors by the simultaneous operation of b1-adrenergic receptors. The result reduces the threshold of sensitivity of receptors, reduced the level of histamine and various forms of methacholine.
Pharmacological action of local, starts immediately after entering the active component to mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Chemical reactions occur in the inflammation and eliminates bronchospastic effect. After blocking of the fat cells decreases swelling of the mucous membrane, the bronchial lumen increases. Very careful approach should be taken to calculate proportions and dose, because the high concentrations we observed a high clearance mukolitikov process. An increasing number otharcivatmi mucus that provokes the intensification of cough attacks.
The drug “Flomax” even with inhalation, tends to affect the cardiovascular system. As a side effect is often increased heart rate. The second most common side effect is a tremor of the upper limbs.
Instructions for use of “Flomax” for inhalation aerosol
In the pharmacy network in the sale of the drug present in aerosol packing. Instructions for use of aerosol “Flomax” for inhalation categorically prohibits the appointment of children under 6 years of age.
Available in spray cans, which in the compressed state is 20 doses. About 10 ml ready for inhalation solution. For ease of use a can equipped with a spout and a mouthpiece through which current passes.
There is only one way to use the spray “Berodual H” is the injection the recommended number of doses directly into the oral cavity. To open the container and try to dilute its contents is strictly prohibited. Standard dosage for an adult and child from 12 years – 2 single dose, for children from 6 to 12 years – 1 dose. If there is no therapeutic effect after 10 minutes, the inhalation is repeated. More than 4 doses for adult and 2 doses for a child to make in 3 hours is impossible. If bronchospasm attack is not removed, you need to seek professional medical help. The maximum per day allowed 8 doses for an adult and 4 doses for a child under the age of 12.
Rules of use:
- make 2-3 deep breaths;
- spray shake and remove the protective cap;
- the deep to do 1 injection of aerosols;
- to hold the breath after inhaling the medicinal product for 1 second.
To store opened cans should be refrigerated no longer than 1 month. As storage the evaporation of the liquid and increases the concentration of the active substance. This can cause overdose.
The solution is “Flomax” for inhalation: how to breed, how many drops (ratio, dosage and instructions)
To use this dosage form requires a nebulizer, the use of improvised homemade devices are not allowed, because a high probability of overdose. The solution is “Flomax” for inhalation the instructions offered by the manufacturer, allows to use only on prescription. Perhaps the use in children under 6 years of age.
The drug is available in glass bottles equipped with droppers for accurate dosing. Before you breed “Flomax” for inhalation, it is necessary to accurately calculate dosage in accordance with the recommendations of a physician. Standard pack contains 20 ml of solution. It is important to know how many drops to take and what proportions for dilution to comply.
Approximate dosage of “Flomax” and saline for inhalation children and adults is given in the following table. However, this is only indicative data. Individual calculation of required proportions of elderly and immunocompromised persons with low body weight, with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, infants and toddlers.
The approximate proportion for inhalation “Berodual”
|Patients older than 12 years when an attack of asthma||20 drops or 1 ml||4 ml of saline|
|Patients older than 12 years with severe bronchospasm||50 drops or 2.5 ml||4 ml of saline|
|Children aged 6 to 12 years||10 drops or 0.5 ml||4 ml of saline|
|Children under 6 years||5 drops||4 ml of saline|
Therapy always starts with the lowest recommended dosage. In the absence of a positive effect is added 2-3 drops until a visible effect. However, be aware that the maximum daily dose for an adult is 80 drops, and for a child – 40 drops. For infants under 1 year of age the daily dosage should not exceed 10 drops.
Prepared and filled in the nebulizer solution can be used only once. For future applications is preparing a new dose.
Contraindications and side effects
Before you can use the “Flomax” for inhalation for both children and adults, it is important to read about possible contraindications and side effects.
- pregnancy breastfeeding;
- pronounced hypertrophy of the heart muscle with the tachyarrhythmia;
- malignant form of hypertension;
- glaucoma and cataracts;
- increased individual sensitivity to product components;
- pathology of the endocrine system, including diabetes.
Side effects occur infrequently. It may be pharyngitis and laryngitis with the lowering of the tone of voice, palpitations, headache, dizziness, drowsiness and muscle weakness. Much less likely to develop pronounced thin skin, increased intracranial and intraocular pressure, development of cardiac ischemia.