Pathological formation that occurs in the lining of the shell, called polyps. They deliver a lot of trouble and can lead to undesirable consequences, especially with the appearance of polyps in the nose. Therefore, timely determination of their occurrence and treatment are necessary.
The mechanism of occurrence and development of nasal polyps is still unknown, there are only assumptions. We must distinguish between nasal polyps and education in other organs. If there are multiple growths of the epithelium, this expression is called polyposis. Common causes of this pathology lie in permanent inflammatory reactions of the mucous membrane. Currently, conservative treatment is possible without removal and endoscopic surgery techniques.
Polyps in nose in children and adults represent a benign tumor, which was formed from the mucosa and is actually overgrown tissue in small regions of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. It is conditionally possible to allocate three stages of development of polyps. The first stage is characterized by closure of the polyps the upper part of the nasal septum. In the second stage overlaps a significant portion of the nasal septum.
For the third, the most severe stage, is characterized by a state, when the polyps close the entire nasal cavity, and nasal breathing becomes impossible. View symptoms of polyps in the nose in the photo – shows the characteristic shortness of breath and light swelling:
Causes of polyps in nose
Modern medicine can not name the exact and definite cause of nasal polyps, which could help to develop effective measures of prevention. However, the hypothesis that one of the causes of polyps are communicable diseases. Many doctors believe another equally important reason for nasal polyps allergic reactions occurring in the body. But most often, polyps occur in people with asthma, having an allergic nature, and various inflammatory processes in the nose and allergies, I believe the same doctors.
However, it is possible to identify a number of diseases, which result in a person often have nasal growths.
- Allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma, pollinosis, allergic rhinitis and others.
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses, such as sinusitis, etmoidit, sinusitis etc.
- Violation of the anatomical features of the nose: deviated septum, narrow nasal passages and.
Nasal polyps can appear as a result of injuries of the nose of a different nature. Pathological changes of the immune system, chronic colds lead to the formation of growths on the mucous membrane. Intolerance by the body of aspirin, salicylic acid, and medicines on their basis, can lead to disease polyposis.
The symptoms polyps
Symptoms of nasal polyps at an early stage are virtually absent. Small nasal growths may develop without causing discomfort. Particularly difficult to diagnose polyps, located deep in the sinuses. Polyps of significant size can cause symptoms such as headache, weakness, nasal congestion, loss of smell, snoring, copious nasal discharge. The growth of polyps appears the difficulty is the shortness of breath until the need to breathe through the mouth. Loss of smell occurs due to the overlapping plots polyps responsible for sense of smell, and if you delay treatment, the sense of smell can be lost forever.
To the first and main symptoms when polyps in the nose in a child include difficulty breathing through the nose, loss of smell and inflammation of the mucous membrane. Sometimes it may be more infection, headaches caused by pressure of the expanded mass in the nerve endings. Foreign body sensation in the nose and throat, frequent urge to sneezing in humans.
Nasal polyps are unilateral and bilateral. To develop the latest education in the areas on both sides of the ethmoid bone, between the Palatine and the frontal part. In adult polyps often develop on two sides and called getmodulename. Unilateral growths or antrochoanal, formed in the maxillary sinus and are the least common disease. Most of these polyps can be observed in young patients. They act in the lumen of the cavity of the nasopharynx and limit the access of air.
Diagnosis of nasal polyps
To determine nasal polyps, you need a correct and accurate diagnosis. In appearance they are very similar to tumor formations, therefore, particularly thorough diagnosis of nasal polyps should be undertaken with a single entity. If the shape of the formations wrong, there are painful and bleeding, they are one sided – you need urgent medical examination. These symptoms characterize the emergence of intranasal tumors.
Directly involved in the examination and diagnosis of the respiratory tract of the nose – ENT. Discomfort when breathing, irritation and foreign body sensation in the nose, the reason for carrying out an external examination of the nasopharynx by a doctor. For effective examination and determine the presence of polyps in available for visual inspection of cavities, prescribe x-ray examination. This will help to establish the stage of the disease, determine the number of tumors in the nasal cavity and to appoint effective treatment.
To postpone the examination and treatment of polyps is not necessary, so you can avoid further growth and complete obstruction of the airway of the nose. In addition, it is important to diagnose nasal polyps in the first stage, if this is not done immediately, there will be complications and then without surgery can not do.
How to get rid of nasal polyps (treatment and removal)
The definition of treatment is made after receipt of the survey results, which should be performed by a qualified technician. There are several types of primary treatment: the official, with the assistance of medicines, surgical (removal of polyps in the nose with a laser, endoscopy and other techniques) and with use of means of homeopathy, although the official medicine believes this method is fraudulent and warns against such treatment. Consider the most common and effective ways on how to get rid of polyps in the nose, what treatment can be used in this disease.
Removal of polyps with medication
Removal of polyps with the help of medicines based on the use of nasal steroids. Produced in the form of aerosols, they easily penetrate into the cavity of the nose and have a therapeutic effect. Their efficiency is confirmed by the results of treatment in small forms of polyposis medication reduce their size and lead to a complete cure. The stronger drugs dispensed by prescription, they will be discharged to the patient if necessary, after the results of the examination by the doctor.
The most common drugs in this group include Nasonex, Fluticasone, Beclomethasone. Release form – in the form of nasal drops or aerosols. Many people use these tools in the treatment of allergies. You can buy them at a regular pharmacy. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor individually until the complete disappearance of symptoms. Usually the duration of drug therapy ranged from two to six weeks. It all depends on the form of the disease and at what stage of the disease started therapy.
Concomitant medications will be antibiotics taken orally. The medication will reduce inflammation, will help to avoid additional infection. Good medicine to reduce swelling and inflammation – Prednisone, Nisolone, Prednisolone and their counterparts from the group of glucocorticosteroids. In the United States since 2005, polyps cure nasal Allergy remedy called Mometasone Fuerat. This substance is available in the nasal spray Nasonex.
Treatment of folk remedies
Self polyps homemade and folk remedies, without examination and consultation with a doctor is unacceptable, although it is possible to treat nasal polyps without surgery at home. The effectiveness of such therapy will only be the case if the polyps are solitary and of small size, and only at the initial stage of development.
Among all drugs for the treatment folk remedies that have an effect in getting rid of polyps is widely used celandine in the form of tinctures, propolis helps, but only for inhalation inhalation method.
Methods of removing polyps
The ineffectiveness of treatment with medication, a large number of polyps and their sizes, assign the surgical treatment or removing polyps. They are removed with local anesthesia or under General anesthesia, the surgery can last from 40 minutes to an hour. Everything will depend on the type of surgical intervention. The development of technology and improvement of methods of treatment, resulted in effective and painless methods of removing polyps.
The usual polypotomy
Procedure normal polypotomy carried out as follows. Using special tool polyps are cut under the influence of pain medication. Tool in the form of a loop or hook of education cuts, bleeding the small. The method is very well-known, it has been used for decades in domestic medicine. The patient may remain in hospital up to 7 days for postoperative monitoring and prevention of complications in the patient. Wounds heal completely after the removal of the three weeks. This type of treatment is not recommended for people with poor blood clotting.
The procedure for removal through endoscopy
When a large region of lesion polyps may be recommended procedure of removing the endoscopy. It literally means a review of the internal organs, an improved method allows you to do this with the help of mini-cameras and fiber optics. The instrument equipped with such a device will help the doctor to accurately see all of the removed tumors, size and location. The operation is performed with the use of anesthetic drugs local action. The patient may be under the supervision of a physician after the removal of nasal polyps, endoscopic operation in the hospital, but after a week discharged home.
Removal of polyps with a shaver
The method of grinding polyps and suction special equipment shaver, performed under General anesthesia. Local or General – it is determined by the doctor. The whole operation is displayed on the monitor screen and controlled by the surgeon. A special device anoscopically shaver is inserted into the region of the nasopharynx directly to the place of formation of polyps. Cutting part is constructed in a safe and protective casing, eliminates inadvertent tissue damage. A polyp is crushed without cuts selectively, through the internal cavity of the suction and removal of particles.
The impact on the patient during the removal of polyps with a shaver very gentle. Additionally, the doctor may correct the defects of the tissues in the nasopharynx or anatomical abnormalities. After such removal the appearance of recurrence were observed. To improve treatment and avoid re-development of polyps, may be the use of steroid drugs.
The use of laser for removal of polyps
The use of laser for removal of nasal polyps – effective way, without subsequent postoperative follow-up in the clinic. In other words, this operation with a laser. Perform such surgery on an outpatient basis, the patient no need to go to the hospital and to cease work. The area of the operation numb, an instrument is inserted into the cavity of the nasopharynx, the whole procedure is displayed on the screen using the camera. Due to the peculiarities of the temperature of the laser exposure, is cauterization of the tissue and decreases the bleeding of wounds, decreases the possibility of injury of the nasopharynx during this procedure.
All this is well characterized by this method and allows the use for the treatment of children. It is very convenient and lasts about an hour. After we remove polyps in the nose, have to visit the doctor to monitor the healing process, be sure to do all assignments and recommendations. The risk of infection after laser surgery is minimal. The disadvantage of this method, you can consider limiting access to the sinuses.
Prior to surgical treatment using nasal lavage with warm saline. The procedure helps to clear the nose, improves visual control and facilitate the operation. In the future this tool can be used to strengthen the respiratory tract the nasal cavity. The ratio of water and salts of chloride and bicarbonate of calcium per Cup is not more than a teaspoon. You can wash the nose with a pharmacy pipette, it will prevent the possible appearance of nasal polyps after surgery and have a beneficial effect on the nasal mucosa.
In order to prevent the formation of polyps in the nasal cavity should lead a healthy way of life, to temper the body, to prevent infections and viruses, to monitor the weight, eat right. It is recommended to do a bowel cleanse and liver.
After removal nasal polyps to prevent recurrence, it is recommended to eliminate exposure to nasal irritants, to get rid of bad habits, to engage in the prevention of colds. It is also important to observe the hygienic requirements, to humidify the air in the room, which is often. Regular rinsing of the sinuses with saline also has a positive impact on the nasal passages.