The baby makes attempts to roll over from the back to the tummy, with the support of an adult can sit. Performs conscious actions with objects: throws, takes, knocks, licks. He already has his first favorite toys.
The first syllables appear in the speech, which the baby unconsciously puts into words: “ma-ma-ma”, “ta-ta-ta” and “ba-ba-ba”.
Already at the planning stage of children, future mothers are studying the expanses of the Internet. They are looking for any information, from the course of pregnancy by weeks, to the development of the baby up to a year. And I must say that they do it for good reason. A lot of things in a child’s physical and psychological development depend on their mother’s skills and knowledge. That is why we will consider in this article how the development of a 4 month old baby occurs.
Let’s start with psychological development
When a child enters the second “quarter” of his life, an emotional connection with his mother becomes very important for him. If up to 3 months the child did not care what condition you were in, just to feed and wash, then with the onset of 4 months everything changes.
During this period, the so-called “security barrier” is formed. In other words, a 4 month old newborn begins to copy you like a mirror. He turns his attention to your reaction to his actions and begins to understand what is good and what is bad.
So, if he smiles and plays with toys and in response receives a smile from you or words that are still incomprehensible to him with a pleasant intonation and a pleased expression on his face, then the understanding that he is doing something good is put aside in the child’s head. And if in response to his smile you are standing with a stone face, then he does not understand whether he is doing the right thing or not. With this attitude, the baby experiences psychological scrapping.
With an adequate reaction to certain actions of the child, you form a safety barrier for him. This means that when exploring something new, the baby will initially look at you. Only after your reaction to his actions will he either continue what he started or stop doing it.
If you miss the moment of the beginning of its psychological development, then the baby will form a fear of everything unknown. He will play calmly in the arena, for example, because his comfort zone is so limited.
It is very important to spend a lot of time with the child and deal with him. Indeed, at this stage, the foundations of his psychological perception of the world are laid. If time is lost, you will not be able to catch up with it.
Fundamentals of Physical Development
Starting from the first month of life, each mother follows the development of her baby. He is looking forward to when he can do something else. Starting from the fourth month, there will be many more such discoveries.
Firstly, at this stage in his life, the child begins to confidently hold his head. Although vigilant parents will still hold on to her. He will be more confident in exploring the world around him.
Secondly, at this age, the baby begins to independently turn on the tummy and back to the back. This means that you can no longer leave him unattended on the bed, otherwise there is a big risk of falling. At this age, for his safety, it is better to put the child on the floor.
Thirdly, some babies begin to crawl in a plastic way, which also increases the risk of falling. You can already give your child a “stand” a couple of minutes, holding his armpits. His legs and arms are becoming stronger and more stable every day, so such exercises will not harm him.
Also, with the appropriate approach, the baby develops fine motor skills. He begins to grab the toy, shift it from hand to hand. At this stage, it is important to do gymnastic exercises so that in the future your baby does not stand on his toes, but steps on his full foot.
The skills and abilities of your baby
At 4 months, the baby begins to intensively study the world. Therefore, he just needs to rise on his stomach and turn his head. It is the knowledge of the unknown that pushes him to accelerate development. Previously, lying on his back, he could only see the ceiling, with growing up new opportunities opened up for him, which cannot but please him.
By the age of 4 months, the baby’s vision is finally formed, so he with interest considers the bright details of the interior or toys. If you hang a bright toy over the bed, then it is quite possible to distract his attention for 15-20 minutes.
Also, the baby begins to respond to music. If you, while listening to a funny melody, sing or dance with him in your arms, then in the future he will begin to independently carry out these actions. And this raises his mood, because as we said above, the baby copies you. At the end of the fourth month, the kids are already trying to make independent sounds in the form of syllables.
Tactile perception of the baby is very important. Now he learns everything new through his mouth. It doesn’t matter what you give him, he will still taste it. This will continue for a very long time, so it is important at this stage to try to remove objects that you can’t take in your mouth.
Games for this age
Educational games are a very important stage in the development of the baby. The speed of its development depends on how you deal with it. To develop speech, use the game “Repeaters.” This is a very simple game, based on the repetition of sounds by you for the baby.
Try to pull words better, emphasizing vowels, highlighting them. To begin with, you can attract his attention with a toy, and then talk about each action performed with it. The kid will start to suck at you. Here your task is to repeat the sound behind the baby, but more correctly and stretched. So if he says “agu,” you must stretch the word to “aguuuuuu.” Such exercises should be done for 3-4 minutes.
Play with toys
For the initial development of fine motor skills, multi-colored rings of small diameter are well suited. For a better perception, you can tie bells to them.
First show the toy to the baby and shake it to interest him. After that, put the ring in the crumbs handle and hold the cam. You can shake this pen so that the bells will ring, and he wonders. Follow his reaction. The kid should try to shake the handle on his own to get a sound.
Then the same rings can be tied over the bed at a distance of the child’s outstretched arm. At this age, the kids are very curious, so he will definitely make an attempt to reach the toy with a pen. After such exercises, you can tease the baby by bringing the toy to him and putting it back. Thus, you will get him to reach for the toy and grab it.
You should accustom the baby to different types of figures. To do this, put it on the tummy and lay in front of it toys of different colors and shapes. Stealing up to toys, he will form the ability to capture various objects.
What and how to develop
At 4 months of age, you should actively engage in the development of hearing. For this, various rustlers, rattles or musical toys are suitable. Pick up a sounding object and make a sound with it. As soon as the baby turns his head towards the sound and concentrates on it, move the toy to another corner and ring there. In this case, your baby should follow the movement of the toy look.
Doing gymnastics to the baby, talk with him in nurseries. Be sure to accompany your words with actions.
Portray everything you say, for example:
- Wall, wall (while touching the baby by the cheeks alternately)
- Ceiling (touching the forehead)
- Two steps (fingering the lips)
- And the bell (lightly pressing the nose).
Such exercises will appeal to your baby. When doing exercises on the arms and legs, tell and show a poem about them. So your baby will soon begin to understand where and what he has.
Teach him to roll over
To develop this skill, tumbler toys are suitable. First, show him a toy and interest her. After that, put it on the side of the child and swing it. The sound made by the tumbler will certainly attract the attention of the crumbs, and he will try to discern where the sound source is. You can slightly push him towards the coup by lifting the edge of the diaper slightly.
Doing such exercises several times a day, very soon you will accustom the baby to independent coups.
The formation of the day
Over the previous 3 months of life, your child has already formed a certain daily regimen. It should not be changed, it can only be adjusted for age. Compliance with the regime of a 4 month old baby is very important. You still feed your baby at least 6 times a day, every 3-4 hours. Or on demand, if initially you are used to it that way.
Sleep patterns in children are different, but still should be limited to a certain time frame. Put on a night’s sleep, it is best at 9-10 o’clock in the evening. Thus, he will finally wake up at 6-7 in the morning. It will be useful in the summer. Waking up at 7 a.m., you can slowly feed him, wash him, put him on and go for a walk until the sun bakes.
Since he is still very small, he will sleep an average of 3 more times during the day. The time periods of such a dream will be 1-1.5 hours of sleep, between 3-4 hours of wakefulness. On average, sleep should take 14 hours a day.
Walking at this age should be at least 2 hours. It is better to share this time and walk 1 hour in the morning, and 1 hour after lunch. Most often, during the walks, the child will sleep, but get ready for the fact that suddenly he can wake up and then you have to entertain him.
Before going to bed, be sure to bathe your baby. For the first 3 months, he is already getting used to water procedures and in the fourth month already begins to enjoy swimming. Using circles and toys for this, you’re great in raising your baby’s mood.