The kid, who turned one year old, eats already quite diverse. On its menu there are many different fruits, dairy products, meat, vegetables, fish. Dishes for crumbs become more complex, but his diet is still very different from an adult. Let’s see what it is important for parents to remember about nutrition for the correct development of the child at 1 year and how best to build a daily menu for a baby of this age.
Features of the diet of a one-year-old baby
In the diet of a baby older than a year, breast milk or a mixture may remain. Pediatricians consider such food useful for the child’s body and welcome breastfeeding for at least 1.5-2.5 years.
At the same time, many mothers choose exactly 1 year as a time for parting with breastfeeding. If you also decide to complete this process, try to organize everything with a minimum of psychological discomfort for the crumbs. More preferable for both the baby and the mother’s breast will be a gradual excommunication with the abolition of one feeding. Read more about this in our article on how to get rid of breast milk.
Food for a one-year-old baby can already be varied with herbs and spices. Add chopped fresh herbs (dill, parsley, celery) to children’s soups, mashed potatoes, omelets. Bay leaves, garlic and onions can be used to make stewed vegetable dishes or soups. Raw child garlic and onions should not be given to the child, as well as exotic seasonings.
From the year you can begin to add food for the child, but the total daily amount of salt added to children’s dishes should not be more than 0.5 grams (the dish will still seem unsalted to you).
As for sugar, it can be added to dishes for a child older than a year, but it is better to try to do without it. Let the child learn to eat savory foods. Of the sweets in the diet of a one-year-old child, there can be not only children’s cookies, but also marshmallows and marshmallows, but in small quantities.
What should a child not eat?
Although the child is already one year old, his menu is still children’s, so remember about foods that should not be given to children under 2-3 years old. These include:
Sausages and sausages.
Caramel and chewing gum (there is a risk of choking).
Products with artificial colors and flavors.
A child who is 12 months old continues to eat five times a day at intervals of about 3.5-4 hours. It is recommended that the nutritional value of lunch and dinner be more than breakfast. For example, a child can have breakfast at 8 o’clock, the next feeding will be at 11-12 hours, then at 14-15 hours and at 18-19 hours, and the last at 22 hours.
How much should a child have at 12 months?
To determine the total amount of food for a one-year-old child, its body weight should be divided by 8 or 9. On average, children of one year weigh about 10-11 kg, so an approximate calculation of the daily amount of food will show a figure of 1100-1300 grams. Dividing it into 5 feedings, we get the average amount of food per meal – 220-260 g.
As for individual complementary foods, the one-year-old baby is recommended for their maximum amounts per day:
Milkless or milk porridge
In a child who continues to breastfeed or with an adapted mixture, a 1-year menu will look like this:
Food & Dishes
Mom’s milk or mixture
Milk or dairy-free porridge up to 200 g, half the yolk, butter up to 5 g, fruit puree 50 g, fruit juice 50 ml
Vegetable dish up to 200 g, vegetable oil up to 6 g, meat in the form of meatballs, steam cutlets or mashed potatoes up to 80 g (2 times a week fish puree or fish meatballs up to 60 g), wheat bread or cracker 10 g, fruit juice 60 ml
Cottage cheese up to 50 g, fruit puree 60 g, 2 children’s biscuits, fermented milk drink up to 200 ml
Mom’s milk or mixture
In a baby whose mother decided to excommunicate at the age of 1 year, the approximate daily menu will be as follows:
Food & Dishes
Milk porridge up to 150 g, half the yolk, butter up to 5 g, fruit puree 50 g
Vegetable dish up to 150 g, vegetable oil 3 g, meat in the form of meatballs or steam cutlets 50 g (2 times a week fish puree or fish meatballs up to 60 g), wheat bread or cracker 10 g, fruit juice 60 ml
Cottage cheese up to 50 g, fruit puree 60 g, 2 children’s biscuits, fermented milk drink 100 ml
Vegetable dish or dairy-free porridge up to 150 g, vegetable oil 3 g, meat dish 30 g, compote or juice 50 ml
Sour milk drink 200 ml
Some useful recipes
Mashed potato and cauliflower soup
Peel and rinse two or three inflorescences of cauliflower and half a potato, cut, pour boiling water so that it only covers the vegetables, cook under the lid until cooked. Grind vegetables with a blender or pass through a sieve, add a teaspoon of mashed cooked rice to them. A mixture of cabbage, potatoes and rice pour half a glass of vegetable or meat broth, bring to a boil and salt. Before serving, add sour cream (10 g) to the soup.
Rabbit meat cutlets
Grind 100 grams of rabbit meat in a meat grinder. Separately, soak the wheat bread (20 g) in water (30 ml). Combine the rabbit meat with soaked bread, grind it again with a meat grinder. Beat the mass by adding cold water. Make minced meatballs and steam them.
Mashed potato and carrot
Boil 150 g of potatoes and 40 g of carrots separately, chopping the vegetables in small pieces. While still hot, pass them through a sieve, add butter (5 g) and a pinch of salt, as well as hot milk (50 ml). Beat mashed potatoes until fluffy.
Rice porridge with apples
Peel the apple (100 g) from the peel, put the peel in a saucepan, pour 50 ml of water and boil for 5 minutes. After filtering the resulting apple broth, pour 100 ml of milk into it, pour in the washed rice groats (25 g) and boil until the rice is ready. Add a teaspoon of sugar and grated apple to the porridge, bring to a boil, and before serving, add butter (5 g).
Fish Steam Pudding
Boil 40 g of fish fillet and refrigerate. Grind another 40 g of fish fillet with a meat grinder, adding 15 g of wheat bread, which should be soaked in a tablespoon of milk. Combine the raw minced fish with boiled fish, mix, add half the yolk from the chicken egg and 5 g of butter, mix again. Next, carefully introduce half the beaten chicken egg protein into the fish mass. Put in the form and steam.
Potato zrazy with cabbage
Boil in a jacket 150 g of potatoes, remove the peel, chop while still hot through a meat grinder, add 5 g of flour and one egg, mix. Separately chop cabbage (80 g) and finely chop onions (10 g), stew until tender. Form small cakes from the potato mass, put a little cabbage filling inside each. Having blinded zrazy, bake them in the oven until cooked.
On the first birthday of the crumbs, you will want to please the baby with festive dishes, but still you should not give your child food that he has never tried before, especially if the baby has a tendency to allergies. You can well prepare a festive table of products that are already familiar to the peanut. Instead of a cake with cream, treat the baby with a curd casserole, which do not forget to decorate with a lit candle.
Do not forget to prepare a separate menu for your baby’s first birthday
Consider the following recommendations:
Continue to teach your child to eat slices. Grind fewer meals for a child. Give the baby meatballs, steam cutlets, casseroles, steam omelets, boiled vegetables, pieces of cottage cheese with pieces of fruit, vegetable salads and other dishes that will encourage the baby to chew actively.
Still cook your child’s food without frying. Products for a one-year-old child need to be boiled, stewed or steamed.