Hepatic steatosis includes a variety of pathology. They all share one thing – the formation of fatty patches in hepatocytes. As a rule, distinguish between local and diffuse steatosis. Diffuse steatosis is characterized in that the fatty blotches scattered throughout the liver, while local they concentrate in a specific area of parenchyma.
Steatosis of the pancreas or liver may develop as a consequences of some disease and a separate disease. The disease often affects men who abuse alcohol, women after 45 years with excess body weight. And yet the disease develops in patients with advanced form of diabetes, with abnormalities of the pancreas.
Causes of hepatic steatosis
To understand more precisely what causes hepatic steatosis, it should be understood that there are primary and secondary steatosis. Primary steatosis occurs more easily, while the secondary is faster and more difficult.
The main two reasons a primary steatosis is considered to be diabetes and overweight. As a rule, hepatic steatosis, non-alcoholic type. As obesity and diabetes caused by metabolic disorders. Therefore, when these diseases progress, is starting to develop hepatic steatosis. May also develop and steatosis of the pancreas.
Causes of secondary steatosis can be factors such as improperly performed manipulations on the intestine, unbalanced intake of certain drugs, alcohol, problems of the pancreas, diet, disrupts the normal balance of fats and carbohydrates.
But along with all this also found quite a few cases where it is simply impossible to find out the true cause of the disease. And recently scientists are beginning to lean toward the idea of hereditary transmission of disease from parents to children.
Signs of the disease
As with any other disease, steatosis of the liver has its characteristic symptoms.
They may occur simultaneously, but even when detected, some should immediately seek help from the gastroenterologist, to make an accurate diagnosis.
- While steatosis is frequently observed pain in the right hypochondrium. All accompanied by periodic nausea and sometimes dizziness. The pain is compressive in nature and not associated with frequency of eating.
- Along with the first symptom, there is a gradual decrease in immunity. Largely it is due to lack of microelements in the organism. When the patient begins increasingly ill viral and colds, longer to heal abrasions on the body.
- When steatosis affects not only the liver, but the bile that breaks down its natural process of rejection. All this is manifested in yellowing of the skin, membranes of the eye. Also becoming more frequent episodes of vomiting with blood and a rather unpleasant rancid flavor.
The above symptoms usually occur when the steatosis captures a significant portion of the liver. But when the disease is just beginning to develop, the symptoms are practically does not occur. Here it needs only special study in the clinic.
Treatment of the disease
Now with regard to hepatic steatosis, treatment of which should focus on the root cause of the disease. It is the eradication of this cause and will help in the fight against the disease. Therefore, you should first pass the necessary tests and undergo diagnosis of the organism.
As a rule, the treatment of steatosis should only be doctor. If the detected hepatic steatosis, treatment of folk remedies will not give the expected effect. The doctor should prescribe the right medications and treatments. If the disease is detected in the early stages, it could be a homemade therapy. If you have symptoms that need hospitalization.
The best effects of pharmaceutical drugs give lipoatrophy in the treatment of the disease. Of them are popular tools such as Essentiale, methionine, lipoic acid. Along with these remedies the patient is also appointed vitamins B12. If the disease is hard enough, it is assigned to another and the antibiotic metronidazole. All medications should be taken only on prescription of a physician-gastroenterologist.
In addition to medication, the good effect is given and physiotherapy, which are often prescribed in the treatment in the hospital. Well cures, ozone therapy, stay in the chamber. Such activities improve the General condition, improve immunity.
Of great importance in the treatment of steatosis, and diseases of the pancreas is diet. The diet in hepatic steatosis eliminates the consumption of fat. You should prefer food that is rich in vitamins and proteins. It is recommended to eat small frequent meals, shred meals as possible.
With the development of hepatic steatosis is best to limit the use of mushrooms and tomatoes. And smoked, fried and spicy foods, carbonated water, coffee is better to completely eliminate from your diet. The ideal option is considered to be cooking in the oven or as a couple. Such a diet with steatosis will help in treatment.
Should be a day of not eating more than 70 grams of fat. However it is strongly recommended to completely abandon the salt and foods with a high content of cholesterol. Need to do this at least for the period of treatment, while the diet in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease do not begin to quickly restore the glycogen accumulation in the parenchyma, to eradicate the main symptoms.
So, how to treat hepatic steatosis, has now become a little clearer. The disease is easily treatable if the parenchyma is not beginning to be replaced by connective tissue. Otherwise, you will need to do supportive therapy.