Prostatitis is the most common disease among the male population, since its availability is limited to the functional characteristics of the stronger sex. The main factor in the diagnosis of this pathology, considered the type of prostatitis, as each variety has its own particular treatment.
Unfortunately, almost all men hide violations of the urogenital system, which in turn can adversely affect his health, and sometimes can be a sign of cancer. Therefore, if there are minor deviations from the urogenital system or of disturbances in sexual life, must turn to the urologist.
Only he can put the correct diagnosis and to appoint adequate therapy, which depends on the variety of the pathological process. Prostatitis can be classified according to form, as well as the cause.
The form of the flow it is:
Depending on the causes distinguish:
Next will be described in more detail all the types of prostatitis in men.
Forms of current prostatitis
The inflammatory process always begins acutely and over time becomes chronic. The first symptoms are very pronounced and hard to miss. Gradually the symptoms subside and the patient does not pay attention to deviations in the body. It was during this period that the majority of men decide that the sickness has gone and stop fighting with her. But in fact, the signs of the pathological process become less pronounced and gradually the disease becomes chronic.
If left untreated, it may further the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia or the formation of cancer processes.
This form of prostatitis is characterized by pronounced inflammatory process, which develops due to penetration into the body of pathological microorganisms. In most cases, the disease begins to develop because of a disturbance of the reproduction of Escherichia coli, as well as inflammation of the prostate can cause an amoeba, enterococci and other microorganisms.
Most of the above bacterial agents are found in the human body on a regular basis, but under the influence of certain factors either reduce the immune protection, they are transformed into pathogenic forms. In the presence of concomitant diseases of an infectious nature, with chronic (tonsillitis, caries, sinusitis, hormonal imbalance, postoperative period), the risk of prostatitis increases significantly.
With the help of ultrasound can identify the presence of acute prostatitis, as is visible in the clear vascular pattern
The acute form of prostatitis is growing very rapidly and the patient can independently identify the presence of this disease according to the following criteria:
- General malaise;
- frequent urination;
- painful urination when emptying bladder;
- sharp pain in the pelvic organs;
- unstable erection.
Malaise is characterized by fever, muscle weakness and other signs are very similar to the initial manifestations of influenza. Acute pain is most often localized in the groin, anal area, lower back, possibly radiating to the legs and are aggravated by bowel movements. In addition, the acute form of the inflammatory process may be focal and diffuse.
Perhaps the development of complications, namely the formation of clots in blood vessels and abscess. Visiting urologist, the patient should take a PSA test (a characteristic protein compound that can be detected in biological fluids of the organism in the development of prostatitis) and genital infections. It is obligatory to do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, and on the basis of the results obtained, the doctor can make a final diagnosis.
If you do not deal with the treatment of chronic prostatitis, very soon the patient found complications, of which the most common is adenoma of the prostate gland. For this pathological process, characterized by slow current, this is the insidiousness of the disease, since long time it may not manifest itself, and man may not be aware of their condition.
When the penetration into the prostate of certain pathogens, as well as when there is stagnation or a certain age, representatives of a strong half of mankind are diagnosed with chronic prostatitis. Sometimes there are situations when the man is fully recovered from bacterial agent, but the prostate begins to suffer from active attacks its own immune system. This situation occurs due to certain factors that affect the human body.
Untreated acute prostatitis eventually spills over into the chronic form
- sedentary lifestyle;
- the presence of genitourinary infectious processes;
- the influence of stress factors;
- a weak immune protection;
- trauma to the prostate gland;
- improper diet, which leads to difficulty of the process of bowel movement;
- effects on the body low temperatures;
- the abuse of nicotine.
There is and asymptomatic form of prostatitis, in which the bacterial agent is absent, but the inflammatory process is actively developing.
Chronic inflammation is characterized by the following symptoms:
- tenesmus in the crotch of medium intensity;
- violation of the process of urination;
- burning sensation and sharp pain in the groin area;
- malaise, weakness;
- the decline in attraction to the opposite sex.
For correct diagnosis it is necessary to make palpation of the prostate and use laboratory methods. After confirmation of the diagnosis should immediately begin treatment, as its absence can lead to serious consequences – a decrease in reproductive function, pyelonephritis, cancer, adenoma.
In therapy include the following treatment methods:
- the intake of antibiotics;
The types of disease, depending on the causes
The special feature of the prostate is that it has many forms and varieties of complications. There are about five types of disease depending on the causes, which, in turn, can be divided into subspecies. Inflammation of the prostate gland is dangerous because if you have not previously received specific treatment, the patient can detect several types of diseases. Unfortunately, this treatment is very laborious and time consuming.
Calculous prostatitis develops due to the presence of prostate calculi. This form of the pathological process is very rare and most often in men of advanced age who were not previously treated for chronic prostatitis. Stones is a fluid, which arose as a result of the inflammatory process and include: phosphates, calcification and prostate secretion.
Calculous prostatitis is usually diagnosed in men of advanced age. The stones can be exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous observed in the chronic form of inflammation and adenoma. The composition is reminiscent of stones in the kidneys or bladder. Endogenous are small, up to 5 mm, it is difficult to determine, but it is to painful impulses they do not lead. Develop stagnation in the prostate.
Manifestations of calculous variety of pathological inflammation of the prostate include: pain in the pelvic area, which tend to worsen when walking, during intercourse, an uncomfortable position, and even with light physical exertion. It’s possible to detect bleeding in the seminal fluid. And there are signs common to all forms of prostatitis: a breakdown of the process of urination, decreased libido, emotional instability.
A bacterial form of prostatitis can occur acutely or be chronic. To the development of this disease caused by a variety of bacterial agents. The symptoms are very similar to the classic form of acute prostatitis, but the diagnosis of the first deviations from the norm easy to find in the secret of the prostate gland. The urologist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis only after a full set of diagnostic measures.
Most often, this pathology is found in men of reproductive age range from 20 to 40 years. In relation to other varieties of the inflammatory process in the prostate is very rare. Under the influence of certain factors or the presence of the specific condition, developing bacterial prostatitis.
- sedentary lifestyle;
- a decrease in immune defenses;
- effects on the body low temperatures – hypothermia;
- the abuse of nicotine;
- penetration into the prostate gland of the bacterial agents in the presence of concomitant infectious pathology or in the course of surgery.
The main manifestations of bacterial forms of prostatitis include:
- pronounced inflammatory process;
- changes in the composition of biological fluids of the body;
- violation of the process of urination;
- decreased libido;
- unstable erection.
From its name it becomes clear that the development of this disease causes the infectious process. Most often causes infectious prostatitis is Escherichia coli, but there are other microorganisms that have this ability. The process can proceed in the acute and chronic form.
In the presence of the most primitive organism infectious agent can develop infectious prostatitis
The symptoms are very similar to the bacterial form of the disease, but the significant difference is the fact that bacterial prostatitis develops when the penetration into the organism of bacteria, and infectious, all the other species of pathogenic microorganisms, including fungi. At risk are men in the age range from 20 to 40 years.
The main reasons for the development of this state, except for the infectious agent include the following positions:
- reduced immune defense;
- the abuse of nicotine and alcohol;
- acute respiratory viral infections.
In the diagnostic process uses the same procedure and manipulation as in the identification of other forms of prostatitis. In the complex treatment of the inflammatory process include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory remedies and medications that improve urinary flow and support the immune system. Does not prevent the use of a syringe and physical therapy.
A purulent kind of prostatitis is considered the most severe, develops due to the presence in the organism of the infectious process. When purulent form of the pathological process necessarily contains the allocation of purulent character from the urethra, and also increases body temperature.
In turn, purulent pathology is divided into such subtypes:
Catarrhal subspecies are often combined with respiratory catarrh, tonsillitis, and other manifestations of the flu or lowered immunity. The symptoms are practically invisible, as poorly expressed. This is mainly tenesmus and violation of the process of urination. With timely treatment the first positive dynamics was observed after 7 days of therapy.
Upon detection of a purulent discharge from the urethra, urgent need to go to the doctor
The follicular variety is considered the second stage of catarrhal prostatitis. Join the allocation of purulent character directly in the prostate, increased body temperature, and tenesmus of medium intensity. The course of treatment is longer, but the prognosis for recovery is the most favorable. Parenchymal form is very hard tolerated.
The patient body temperature rises, there are selection of pus and pain of strong intensity. The treatment is very lengthy. Abscessed prostatitis the most severe. Characterized by the presence of an abscess in the tissue structures of the prostate gland. Temperature range 39 °C, pain is abrupt, and the selection of pus is very abundant. Treatment should start immediately, as possible complications.
Congestive prostatitis is chronic type and is classified as non-communicable pathologies. The main reason for the development of this form of the disease are congestion in the pelvic region due to improper blood circulation in the veins, or stagnation prostatic secretions that is formed in the absence of sexual activity. At diagnostics of biological fluids (semen, blood, urine) is characteristic changes do not exist.
The symptoms of the inflammatory process develop gradually and have a latent period in the early stages. Some patients may not even experience these manifestations. The main pathological abnormalities include disrupted urination, painful spasms in the groin area, the feeling of constant anxiety, decrease intensity of orgasm, increased body temperature.
If the survey were not found pathogenic microorganisms, in a treatment regimen include several groups of drugs. Namely, medicaments, containing hormones, muscle relaxants, products for improving blood circulation in the pelvic region.
In addition to medical therapy you can add the following procedure:
- physiotherapy activities;
- prostate massage;
- douching decoction of herbs.
Prostate massage only be done by experienced technician
Is mandatory to carry out preventive measures to avoid the development of chronic forms of prostatitis or more serious complications such as: infertility, prostate adenoma. Primary prevention is regular sexual activity, if such is missing, it is necessary to resort to the methods of masturbating, as this will help to avoid stagnation in the pelvic organs.
From all the above we can conclude that regular visits to the urologist will help to avoid serious prostate diseases, including prostatitis. After all, he will be able to see the first deviation from the norm, and knows which medications and procedures will help to cure the disease.