Idiopathic osteoporosis – a term which is based on an unknown factor which led to the development of pathology. And in most cases to understand exactly what caused the symptoms of this disease, fails to understand.
Often on the background of the disease, there are fractures that can further seriously affect the General condition of the patient, and in some cases through 5 years of sluggish current person recovers completely, and this happens by itself.
The main reasons
Because it is not possible to know what may cause this disease, then we consider several versions.
For example, the most popular can be considered:
- An increased amount of corticosteroids in the body. This leads to an increased bone fragility. This condition often occurs in women with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, which in the period of treatment during menopause was treated with corticosteroids.
- Thyrotoxicosis, especially in its chronic and long current form.
- Diabetes, where to femur fracture increases several times.
- The lack of calcium
- Congenital disorder of connective tissue, but rather an uncertified osteogenesis.
To identify what becomes the cause of idiopathic osteoporosis. But despite this, the patient needs to get adequate treatment, which would not only slow down the process, but also to minimize the development of various complications.
Idiopathic osteoporosis with pathological fracture can be divided into 4 degrees of severity. For example, when the first degree in the bones of developing borderline pathological changes that do not bring the patient any inconvenience. Frequent fractures for this stage is not characteristic, and treatment is aimed at preventive measures, which would not have allowed the disease to spiral out of control.
Osteoporosis the second degree is a serious cause for concern. At this stage, bone density is reduced slightly. Any significant symptoms at this stage are not also present, although the patient begins to feel some discomfort in the affected bones.
In the third degree changes in the bones is already quite significant, their density is strongly reduced, due to which bones are subjected to frequent fractures. Lost confidence when walking, and any physical activity cause pain.
In the fourth stage, the human skeleton is subject to strong deformation, which leads to the development of disability.
The clinical picture
Osteoporosis is one of the most insidious diseases. Often it can only be set on the 2 – 3rd stage, when the man received several fractures. And these injuries happen by themselves sometimes, without any provoking factor, for example, falling. Particularly vulnerable to bone fractures of the hip, forearms and spine. So, for example, a hip fracture received outside of a fall or injury is a reason to suspect this dangerous disease.
That is why the disease it is advisable to diagnose as early as possible and this can be done using a variety of diagnostic measures. Therefore, those people who are at risk, must once a year undergo such tests as CT or MRI, which will allow you to learn about the disease at a very early stage of its development.
The treatment begins with activities such as regular gymnastics, massage, sunbathing, and avoiding harmful habits. It is also very important to choose the right diet, which would preclude the consumption of fatty foods, and the diet contained a full amount of protein and carbohydrates, including foods rich in vitamin D.
As for medication, then you can do it only after consulting a specialist. All medications should be taken according to the strict schema and not to change the schedule yourself. It can be not only calcium but also vitamin D, as well as those medications that prevent resorption of bone – fosamax, bivalos, Bonviva.