Disastros also called spondylosis, is a degenerative disease of the spine, where there is a loss of the facet joints of the spine.
Now it is accepted to distinguish three types of this disease. Cervicornis develops in the neck area. Disastros in the chest. Lumberton in the lumbar region.
Considered to be one of the rare diseases of the spine, as the thoracic spine to a lesser degree mobile than the neck or lower back.
Just decided to allocate 4 stages of the disease. In the first stage of any symptoms are observed. Begins to fade the elasticity of the cartilage, damaged ligaments and membranes of the joints. To diagnose this condition can only MRI study, and only by chance, because no symptoms yet.
In the second stage the symptoms is fatigue and a slight pain. The back is not as mobile due to violations on the part of the fibrous rings.
At the third stage begins with the destruction of cartilage and bone osteophytes appear, this leads to the development of a strong inflammatory process.
In the fourth stage, the osteophytes become larger and begin to knit. Begins to develop spondylosis. All changes in this stage are irreversible.
Degenerative type accompanied by destruction of joint surfaces in the place where the vertebrae connect with the ribs.
Bootastic type affects only the joints, called dugootockom.
Deforming occurs when you change the shape of the vertebrae and their fouling growths.
Dysplastic is a complete change of the joint and the disturbance of its functions.
Disastros appears for a variety of reasons, but in risk group includes primarily the elderly, and those who have suffered an injury of the thoracic spine.
The disease is diagnosed professional athletes, those who engaged in heavy physical work, a sedentary life, are obese or have flat feet.
Often this pathology is diagnosed, along with osteoarthritis, which causes a significant reduction in the height of the discs and their elasticity, which leads to increased pressure on the facet joints.
Torsatron has a large number of symptoms and to identify the pathology at an early stage is almost impossible.
The main symptom is pain, which appears at the chest and near the shoulder blades. In the first stage, the discomfort only appear after the load, and further syndrome pain is already constant.
The patient notices that when the weather changes, the pain becomes much stronger. Meteopathy will last throughout life. Appears morning stiffness in the movements to start to make the usual movement in the morning, the patient is required for hours to do a warm-up and massage.
In the thoracic back is atrophy of the muscles. When driving in the back can be heard crunching.
The symptoms of this disease overlap with symptoms of other diseases, so diagnosis may include x-rays, but an MRI study. You are also required to carry out inspection and survey of the patient, to pay attention to his complaints, find out how much time he thinks he’s sick.
How to get rid of
The doctor need to visit with the first symptoms of the disease. If this is not done and start the disease, then it can progress to irreversible. The very same person becomes disabled.
Treatment can be divided into conservative and operative. In the first case only used preparations of NSAIDs – they help to relieve pain, reduce inflammation. They can be used as ointments and tablets or solutions for injection.
Chondroprotectors slow down the destruction of cartilage, and sometimes help restore a particular area. Used in the form of tablets, but may be in the form of injections.
Muscle relaxants is required for muscle relaxation, spasms that compress the nerve endings, causing severe pain. They can be used only in hospital because they have a lot of side effects.
After pain and inflammation is possible to complete a full course of massage, electrophoresis, acupuncture. It is advisable to go swimming and physical therapy. It is also recommended to wear a special corset.
In the absence of effect from conservative therapy may require surgical intervention.