Sometimes similar symptoms occur with allergies. For example, you did a repair, the paint for the walls contained irritating chemicals, and as a result you got a sore throat, nasal congestion, headache (as in case of poisoning).
Sometimes it is necessary to exclude sinusitis and sinusitis. In most cases, you can not do without the appointment of powerful antibiotics and physiotherapy.
ENT treats the ear, throat and nose. These organs are interconnected.
And sometimes, so that the infection does not spread, you need to see a doctor:
- If you have difficulty breathing.
- If your ears hurt.
- With nasal congestion.
- If a sore throat is combined with a headache.
- If your temperature is above 37.8C.
More serious causes are HIV and laryngeal cancer. If the sore throat does not go away for a long time, and there are no other symptoms of infection, it is better to appear to the ENT, and then to the infectious disease specialist or oncologist. In addition, problems with the esophagus and stomach when throwing acidic contents into the throat can also cause pain. Then you will be given a referral to a gastroenterologist. Helps reduce acidity and improve gastric motility. But they can be drunk only after a detailed examination.
Sometimes the cause of a sore throat is neuralgia. And if your wisdom teeth are not removed, then they can also cause a similar symptom. Not always the cause of a sore throat may be obvious. Therefore, the remedies below will only help if you have a cold, with a mild course of the disease and an accurately identified cause of discomfort. These methods are emergency, for immediate relief to a sore throat at home.
And yes – antibiotics are not a panacea. In most cases, the culprit of a sore throat is a virus.
What can I do at home if my throat is very sore?
Gargle with salt water every half hour (1 tsp salt per glass of water). It is a very good antibacterial agent.
Cook chicken stock and drink it all day instead of eating. This wonderful tool will strengthen the immune system.
You can also drink warm tea with raspberry jam, lemon and honey. Chamomile heals well. You can also make tea from it. She also calms, and you will easily fall asleep.
Make sure that the humidity in the apartment is 60-70%. If you are very dry, use a humidifier.
In the pharmacy you can buy sprays and lozenges with lidocaine, they relieve pain. Many throat pills have anti-inflammatory and healing ingredients. You can quickly talk again normally and eat painlessly.
A good rinse collection consists of chamomile, St. John’s wort and calendula, taken in equal parts. It is enough to gargle 3 times a day after meals.
You can wipe the throat with cotton dipped in sea buckthorn oil. If sore throat lasts more than 72 hours – go to the doctor.
After you have recovered, replace the toothbrush – there will be too many bacteria on the old one. Talk less, drink more. You can drink mousses, fruit drinks and jelly. They are well enveloped, contain vitamins. Refuse smoking during the illness, it will worsen the situation, it will be harder to recover. Stay away from those who smoke. If the doctor determines that the infection is bacterial, not viral, he will prescribe antibiotics.
Rules for taking antibiotics for sore throat
To make the treatment effective:
- Bring it to the end.
- Observe the frequency of administration.
- Tell your doctor about side effects right away so that he replaces the drug and the treatment is continuous.
- Self-medication is unacceptable, since antibiotics are ineffective with viral infections, all that can be achieved in this case is the manifestation of side effects and the development of drug resistance.
With streptococcal throat damage, antibiotics cannot be cured. Streptococcus type A is very dangerous, it can be toxic to the kidneys, heart, joints. You need to see a doctor in all cases when you find white deposits, lumps on the sides of the throat.
Signs of a throat virus infection
The virus is indicated by:
- Enlarged submandibular and cervical lymph nodes.
- Moderate rise in temperature (subfebrile condition).
- Other signs: nasal congestion, fatigue, as with the flu, headache, aches in bones and joints.
- Some viruses may cause a rash.
The most common cause of a sore throat of a viral nature is infectious mononucleosis. It is treated symptomatically, antiviral drugs are needed only in some cases. Caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.
Rhinoviruses, adenoviruses can also cause a sore throat. Typically, in such infections in 80% of patients, pharyngitis resolves without prescribing antiviral agents. All thanks to the specific antibodies that are produced by the body. All that is needed in this case is to drink more warm drink, this will speed up the elimination of viruses from the body. If there is no humidifier, you can simply put a wet towel on the battery.
Signs of laryngitis and its treatment
If it became impossible to speak, a barking cough appeared, which means that the infection “descended” further into the larynx. The cause of laryngitis can be overstrain of the vocal cords, not only infection. If you talked a lot, were rooting for your favorite team, unpleasant symptoms may appear unexpectedly without disturbing your overall health. In this case, humidification will help. Breathe over the steam several times a day. Do wet cleaning. Gargle every hour. For one rinse, it is enough to use 100 ml of water.
Sometimes, especially in children, laryngitis can cause laryngitis. A nut, a chicken bone gets into it. In this case, only the removal of a foreign body can alleviate the condition, remove the cough, return the voice and normal swallowing. ENT removes a small object with a special tool.
Tip. If you have a runny nose, clean your nose with special solutions before bedtime. The mucous membrane should not dry out. Nasal congestion is the reason why a sore throat becomes unbearable at night and keeps you awake.
If you have tonsils removed, this does not mean that the throat will not hurt. Quite often, pharyngitis (inflammation of the posterior pharyngeal wall) and laryngitis occurs just in those who have long removed the tonsils. After all, they used to protect against infections, but after the inflammation was too frequent, they ceased to fulfill a protective function. The decision to remove the tonsils should be taken carefully. Now there is an alternative – freezing. You can forget about inflammation of the tonsils for several years after such a procedure. With it, only affected tissues are removed. Tonsils continue to protect the body from infection.
In predisposed people, a sore throat can be caused not only by hypothermia, but even stress, since it reduces the body’s defenses.
Sore throat: how to eat
The basis of the menu for sore throat are liquid cereals, soups, yogurts (not cold). All that is easy to swallow that does not irritate the wall of the pharynx. Pumpkin juice, mashed potatoes will reduce inflammation.
Include more fats in your food, they will help to absorb vitamins A and E. But the food should not be too heavy.
But from citrus fruits and nuts at the slightest hint of the allergic nature of sore throat, refuse, because they can intensify the unpleasant manifestations. Make sure you are not allergic to the same lemon – a popular throat remedy. Chocolate is undesirable, as it can also cause allergies. In a sweet environment, microbes feel great. Create an acidic environment in the throat that is harmful to them. An alternative to lemon is cranberries and kiwi.
If you are not allergic to honey, drink milk with honey. This remedy is especially good if coughing has just begun. You can add a pinch of salt and butter.
You can cook milk jelly. It is prepared very simply. Boil milk, dissolve in 2 ml of water in 100 ml of water. starch and add to milk.
Bring the mixture to a boil.
- All food that you eat with a sore throat should be without sauce, ketchup and mayonnaise. Spices are prohibited.
- Well-suited for the treatment menu, mashed potatoes, pate, mashed fish, boiled beets, grated, tender steaks.
- Observe bed rest. Physical activity with angina can adversely affect the work of the heart.
- It is perfectly normal if the sore throat persists for up to 14 days with severe sore throat, but in the first two days after the start of treatment it should become easier. Sore throat can manifest itself widely – from a slight tickle to severe discomfort that does not allow you to fall asleep.
Do not get sick and do preventive maintenance.