With aging, swelling of the eyes can be partially caused by the fact that adipose tissue, which usually protects the eye inside the bony eye socket, begins to move forward and fill the spaces under the eye. This is because aging processes cause thinning of the membrane or “septum”, which usually retains fat in both the upper and lower eyelids.
If you constantly have swelling, but among the listed reasons you do not see a point that might suit you – be sure to consult a doctor. Swelling under the eyes can be a symptom of internal diseases.
Bags under the eyes are the problem of many girls, because sooner or later everyone encounters it. So that this problem does not become chronic, you need to determine the cause that causes the formation of edema and find a method of effective control.
To protect the eyeballs from possible damage and maintain vision, nature placed a special fat layer under the eyes. By virtue of its structure, this same layer has the ability to retain excess moisture under the eyes. Thus, swelling forms under the eyes.
Among the causes of edema are excessive fluid intake, abuse of coffee, alcohol and salty foods, smoking. Also, the cause of the formation of “bags” under the eyes may be an unsuitable eye cream, or the fact that you are used to applying cosmetics just before you go to bed.
Other common causes of bags under the eyes are:
- Excessive salt intake, which causes fluid retention.
- An allergy that can cause inflammation and swelling.
- Sinus problems.
- Fatigue and lack of sleep.
- Genetic predisposition.
When does edema under the eyes indicate a disease?
If the cause is a disease, bags under the eyes most often appear suddenly. For example, people with thyroid disease can develop swelling of the tissues and muscles around their eyes. In addition, bulging eyes may indicate a thyroid disease known as Graves’ disease.
Eye allergies associated with diseases such as hay fever, or with reactions to certain foods or chemicals can also cause eye swelling. During an allergic reaction, certain cells in the body secrete a chemical called histamine, which has many adverse effects on body tissue, including leakage of fluid from blood vessels. This fluid enters the surrounding tissue, causing swelling.
In the presence of an eye infection, such as conjunctivitis, dark circles or swelling under the eyes may also occur. Some organ diseases, including kidney failure, are another possible cause of edema around the eyes.
Swelling under the eyes after waking up: the reason
While we sleep, we do not blink. And this is one of the causes of edema under the eyes. Blinking for centuries is like walking with your feet. In the inaction, some people develop edema of the lower extremities, which disappears as soon as they begin to walk and blood circulation returns to normal.
A similar action takes place over the centuries. Closed, unblinking eyelids during sleep can potentially swell in some people prone to this problem. As soon as you open your eyes and start blinking, part of the edema may decrease in about an hour.
Swelling under the eyes: how to fight
To find the best solution to eliminate edema and dark circles, it is important to determine the cause. If your mom or dad has the same problem, you probably inherited this trait. In this case, you need to get used to your appearance or consider cosmetic options that can help reduce swelling.
These options include chemical peels, laser skin resurfacing procedures, some cosmeceuticals (prescription skin products), and eyelid surgery known as blepharoplasty. Blepharoplasty involves the removal of excess adipose tissue and excess skin from the upper and lower eyelids, as well as tightening the skin and muscles to reduce swelling and wrinkles.
More simple and affordable methods of dealing with bags include:
- Eye drops that relieve swelling caused by allergies.
- Drinking fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Compresses with ice.
- Eating potassium-rich foods, such as bananas, to eliminate excess fluid in the body.
- Washing with cold water.
To get rid of edema under the eyes and prevent their occurrence in the future, also follow these tips.
Eat a diet
In order not to provoke the appearance of “bags”, remove strongly sharp and salty foods from the diet. They retain water in the body, which as a result “settles” under the eyes. Also control the amount of fluid you drink during the day. It should not exceed 1.5 liters of water per day.
Your dinner should be 4 hours before bedtime, no later than. In the period after dinner, you can drink no more than 1 cup of liquid. If nothing is done with the “bags” in the eye area, the skin will stretch over time, and even if there is no excess fluid in the body, it will hang slightly.
Take care of a healthy sleep
Constant lack of sleep keeps water in the body. So, if you do not constantly get enough sleep, wait for puffiness. Make sure that your sleep is at least 7 hours a day.
Give up coffee and alcohol
If you are prone to swelling under the eyes, give up coffee and alcohol. Ideally, abandon these products altogether. Although, of course, we are all people and sometimes we want to treat ourselves to a fragrant invigorating drink, and relax with friends in the evening. Drink coffee only in the morning, and from alcohol choose dry wines and cognac.
If you woke up, looked in the mirror and saw those ugly “bags”, brew strong green tea and make lotions on your eyes, soak them for 20 minutes. Swelling will become less. Also, a good express assistant is raw potatoes, which due to starch in the composition will quickly lead the skin to tone.
Take a walk
To avoid swelling, you need to walk. So, a walk (like any other physical activity) accelerates the metabolic processes in the body, which means it helps to remove excess water from the body.
Use special makeup
Many cosmetic brands produce cosmetics that are designed to fight swelling. Such agents, as a rule, improve blood circulation and promote the removal of fluid from a specific area. However, remember that cosmetics can improve the effect of the above steps. She will not cope with the problem herself.