16.04.2021

Diseases in women diagnosed later than in men

Cardiologist Noelle Barry Merz, in a conversation with a Reuters correspondent, said that the study lacks data on people who were not hospitalized. “But, on the other hand,” she said, “hospitalization is a sign of a serious illness, so this adds significance to the diagnosis and confirms that the disease can occur in women later.”

A study published in the journal Nature Communications was conducted by scientists from the University of Copenhagen. They examined the health data of 6.9 million patients hospitalized in Denmark for 21 years. They found that women were later diagnosed with 770 diseases. For example, cancer is detected about two and a half years later than in men, and diabetes – four and a half years. One of the few exceptions was osteoporosis: it is usually diagnosed in women in the early stages, in contrast to men.

Researchers do not know what these differences are related to: genetics, the environment, deviations in the health care system, or a combination of these reasons, and they are going to study this.

Nicole Wojtowicz, deputy director of the Women’s Health Institute at the University of Illinois, in a commentary for Healthline noticed that for diagnostic purposes it is important to take into account gender differences. “Historically, it was assumed that there were no differences between men and women outside the reproductive system, although in reality this may not be so. Women and men experience many different diseases and disorders. This is still a problem that is often forgotten even in the framework of medical education and training, ”said Voitovich.

Workaholic women are more prone to depression than men

For a study published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, scientists analyzed data on 11,215 men and 12,188 women. Since 2009, all of them have been participating in a large-scale study on the social life of the British. It turned out that, compared to women who work the standard 40 hours a week, who work longer than 55 hours, women are 7.3% more likely to experience depressive symptoms, such as a feeling of helplessness.

Weekend work also increases the risk of developing depression, according to a study. Women working on weekends are on average 4.6% more depressed than women working only on weekdays. In men, this figure was 3.4%. At the same time, two-thirds of male participants worked on weekends, and half among women.

Researchers found that married women with children were generally less likely to work overtime than single women. For men, the situation is completely opposite: married with children work more than single people.
The researchers explained the increased level of depression in women by the fact that they face a “double burden”: after work, they do household chores and do this more often than male partners. “Women are more prone to depression, and our study has confirmed this. We hope that our findings will encourage employers and politicians to think about how to support women who work long or irregularly, without limiting their ability to work when they want it, ”said lead author of the study, Jill Weston.

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 300 million people worldwide experience depression. It is known that women are more prone to depression than men.

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