With proper infant development, sufficient physical activity and normalization of the bowels, the umbilical hernia can go away on its own, especially if it is small. Pathology disappears by 3-4 years. If the navel hernia persists for a long time, the child may be scheduled for surgery.
To quickly get rid of a hernia, doctors recommend taking measures: special massage and gymnastics. Procedures are best left to experienced professionals. A light, relaxing massage of the abdominal wall can be done by parents. To do this, 1/4 hour before feeding, lightly palm the baby’s tummy clockwise from the bottom right to the left. Then put the baby on the tummy on a hard surface.
This will help reduce the pressure on the abdominal cavity and will ensure the exit of the small wheels, and active movements with the legs and arms will strengthen the abdominal muscles. Such procedures are recommended 3 times a day.
For the treatment of umbilical hernia in newborns prescribed overlay patch. This method is effective for children under the age of 3 months. Together with a light massage and putting it on the tummy, it allows you to get rid of the pathology in a few weeks.
For treatment, you can use patches or hypoallergenic non-tissue-based, with a width of at least 4 cm.
They are allowed to stick in two ways:
- Around the abdomen, from one lumbar region to another. The bulge must be straightened with a finger inside and connect the rectus abdominis muscles so that they form two distinct longitudinal folds. After sticking the patch, the folds should remain under it and not be cracked. The dressing should be kept for 10 days. If the hernia does not close, a plaster is applied for another 10 days. To cure enough 3 procedures.
- On the umbilical region, setting down the bulge, but not forming a deep fold. The method is considered gentle. A piece of plaster about 10 cm long is recommended to be applied within a few weeks, changing it every two days.
Any measures should be started only after the navel has healed and in the absence of inflammatory and allergic reactions near it.
In rare cases, a hernia can become pinched. This condition can be dangerous to the health of the baby. Therefore, if the bulge has ceased to flow down inside, has become solid and has begun to cause crumbs of pain, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Umbilical hernia in newborns
An umbilical hernia in a baby may seem a defect, because it looks unattractive. The bulge in the region of the umbilical ring, which sometimes can reach the size of a plum, appears due to weakness of the abdominal muscles or a lack of connective tissue in the infant’s body.
The intestinal loop protrudes through the unstuck muscles around the navel. When pressing on the bulge, it slides inside, and you can hear a gurgling sound.
When the size of the umbilical hernia is small, a protrusion may appear when the crumb is straining or crying heavily. When tension is applied under pressure from the intestine, the muscles around the navel diverge more and the bulge increases. Then you can see it all the time.
Causes of hernia
Most often, a hernia in newborns occurs due to genetic predisposition, and more often the pathology occurs in premature babies.
In the presence of immature or weakened muscles, digestive problems can provoke its formation, in which the child strains the abdominal cavity, such as constipation or gas, as well as strong crying or coughing.