With the onset of the cold time of the year recorded a sharp increase in infectious diseases is the season of epidemics. Colds are often accompanied by rhinitis, which may remain when the person is feeling perfectly healthy.
Sometimes this is due to inadequate treatment and basic ignorance of the issue. Of myths about the common cold there are almost as many misconceptions about colds and controversial ideas about the cough.
Runny nose are called rhinitis or rhinorrhea associated with inflammation of the nasal mucosa and as a result the mucus. Rhinitis very often is just a manifestation of other diseases, such as influenza, diphtheria, measles. Generally, rhinitis can be allergic or infectious, and to have bacterial or viral in nature. That is why you need to clearly understand what you are dealing with, correctly to resist the enemy. Only in this way can effectively get rid of rhinitis.
Myth 1. A runny nose is a manifestation of the disease, must cure it and the flu
This is both true and not. Really, first of all you must find out the cause of the common cold and try to get rid of it. However, with inflammation of the nasal mucosa must be combated, otherwise you’re at risk for a complication. Nasal congestion and shortness of breath appear early in the disease, should attract your attention. These symptoms can lead to loss of appetite and sleep disturbance. But much more serious that without appropriate treatment the usual rhinitis can develop into sinusitis and sinus infection, or turn into even greater problems. If the runny nose persists for more than 3-4 days, you should definitely contact the doctor.
Myth 2. Green discharge from the nose point to the neglect of the disease
Thick green snot do indicate the timing of the disease, but not necessarily talking about bad. In most cases this is an indication that your immune system copes with infection, because the density and color of the slime depends on the number of white blood cells which protect the health of your body. A cold should pass in a couple days.
I wonder what the internal reserves of the organism with age, allow a person less to suffer from nasal congestion: accumulate antibodies that help repel pathogens from the outside with minimum losses. For this reason, in children and adolescents much more often cold than in adults, and offensive name young people snotty youths, it appears, is based on a scientific justification.
Myth 3. Nose drops can be addictive
It is really so. Drops with vasoconstrictor effect and bring quick relief when used, but quite quickly addictive. Excessive use of such means from a cold can lead to a constant feeling of stuffiness of the nose. If you use these drops for a long time, they break the power of the nasal mucosa and vascular tone, which may lead to chronic atrophic rhinitis.
When you use several times a day vasoconstrictor nasal drops can be used not more than 2-3 days, with instillation once a day for 4-5 days. Much more secure are the funds on a plant-based, contain essential oils, as well as various solutions for nasal irrigation, including using sea water.
Myth 4. At a cold need often and strongly vysmarkivatsya
In fact, the nose need to be cleaned from mucus, but it should be done very carefully. Most often, the discomfort is created not snot, and inflammation of the mucous membrane, and the sharp bismarckiana able to spread of the mucus from the infection in its internal waters and threaten the development of the disease with complications. For this reason, vysmarkivatsya to be careful, take turns cleaning each nostril. To use please disposable paper handkerchiefs, they are much more hygienic than fabric.
Their tricks are not only for clearing the sinuses of mucus, but for the use of drugs from a cold. With instillation into the nose necessary to take such a position that the drops remained on the mucous membrane of the nose, not dripping into the throat, otherwise the effect will be worse. So it is advisable to tip the head back and slightly tilt it sideways. But in the supine position drops relatively meaningless, they practically do not linger on the nasal mucosa.
Myth 5. It is useful to wash the nose out with saline and instilled the juice from onions and garlic
In this myth from two statements related to traditional methods of prevention and treatment of the common cold. Disinfecting action of the salt solution has long been familiar to the people. For this reason, colds and appearance of snot really recommended several times a day to wash the nose. It is thus possible to overcome the disease.
And if you rinse as prophylaxis one to two times a day especially in the season of epidemics, it will allow you to protect yourself from diseases. When washing the mucosa of the nasopharynx, hydrated, disease-causing microbes are killed, and local immunity becomes higher. As a solution for washing, you can use a slightly warmed medicinal mineral water.
But the fresh juice of onion or garlic, by contrast, provides irritating effect on the nasal mucosa and may even cause it to burn! Useful properties of onion medicinal properties of garlic for the chilled person with a runny nose is much better when saturation of the air with volatile production that produce these plants. Just cut the onion or a few cloves of garlic and breathe on them or put in a room on the saucer, not forgetting from time to time to change its contents.