30.09.2020

The main health risks for travelers

Going on vacation, every person dreams of waiting for his pleasure and not think about the dangers that lurk behind the glossy view of the sea landscape. However, long flights, climate change, cultural and gastronomic peculiarities of exotic countries, like many other phenomena often risk factors for health vacationer. They are able utterly to spoil and without that a short rest, to which modern man usually does not emit more than 10-14 days.

In order to plan for a long rest time left unpleasant memories of the sudden podkatalogu health, you must know the enemy in the face before. We have identified a list of most likely diseases associated with travel, and picked up useful tips on how to avoid these diseases on the rest.

In fact, all of the disease during a vacation connected with change of climate and stress that the organism experiences. This condition is known as acclimatization and is characterized by the adjustment to a new habitat. Ambient temperature, humidity, special microclimate – all this affects the work of organs and systems of man. When external conditions change, the body needs time to adequately respond to them.

Even perfectly healthy people can feel the discomfort associated with acclimatization. And if you have a weakened immune system, chronic diseases or at certain coincidence of circumstances, health when there is a sudden change of climate may fail.

Colds

In terms of acclimatization protective properties of the organism are weakened. If the climate changes too abruptly, for example, when traveling in the winter in a hot country, then the body is even more difficult to adapt to the environment: slipping the processes of thermoregulation, increased sweating. As a result of any drafts or a few SIPS of cold water may be sufficient for the manifestation of the symptoms of colds.

To avoid a sudden change of climate, must first vacation days especially pay attention to their health. To prevent drastic overheating or overcooling of the body, avoid drafts and stay under the air conditioner, wear loose clothing in which the body is to breathe and be able to quickly adapt to the peculiarities of the environment.

Food poisoning

The stress and sudden change of diet more vulnerable it becomes and the human digestive system. The stomach and intestines can not adequately react to new products. In addition, the food in unfamiliar places is associated with an increased risk of food poisoning. First, you may not know the quality of the source products and the conditions of cooking, and secondly, in warm countries in the humid climate of pathogenic bacteria on food multiply much faster in the third, trying an unfamiliar food with an unknown taste of you just do not feel that the contained ingredients are spoiled.

As preventive measures recommended to follow the rules of hygiene, wash hands before eating, use bottled water, do not eat at the food stalls and eateries, if there are suspicions regarding the conditions of cooking. If the problems still could not be avoided, one can resort to folk remedies from food poisoning.

Constipation

Another reaction to the stress from the gastrointestinal tract is constipation. They can be associated not only with the change of the place of stay, but the fact that the body adapts to the long road, whether traveling by car, train or plane. As a rule, the body itself returns to normal after a day or a little more time, but if you feel that the internal clock fail, you can help your intestine.

For the prevention and treatment of constipation related to change of place of residence, diet and climate, enough to eat more foods rich in fiber (vegetables and fruits, greens, cereals, etc.), drink enough water and move more to help bowel movements. As in the case of nutritional diseases, there are fairly simple folk recipes for the treatment of constipation.

Infectious diseases

Different regions of our planet are “famous” for any degree distribution completely different infectious and viral diseases. It could be malaria, a special strain of flu, fever, zika or even the Ebola virus. Before you plan a trip to faraway countries, always good to find out the current epidemiological situation and to clarify what shots to do for peace of mind, or even to cancel the trip. This kind of guidelines can be found on the website of the Ministry of health, the leaflets of travel agencies, the instructions of other ministries and departments.

It is important to remember that vaccination should be made in advance to be vaccinated and on the same day to take a trip – totally unacceptable solution. First, by itself, vaccination involves the introduction into the organism of antigenic material to produce immunity to the disease. This can cause inflammation, General malaise. Secondly, some vaccines are not introduced in one go, and even the fact that they do take time. Finally, the protective properties of the body against a particular disease are produced only after a few days, and sometimes weeks after vaccination. For this reason, it is not necessary to postpone the vaccination at the last moment, it is better to consult a doctor and strictly follow his orders.

It is important to remember that in all situations a careful attitude to your body will allow to avoid many problems. And then the rest will be not only fun, but also for health benefits until the next holiday.

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