The color of urine also depends on external factors: food, medication and vitamins, the amount of fluid you drink. To change the background of these factors should be taken calmly. However, if a long time is allocated urine lemon-colored, then it is worth considering a sign of a pathology may be such a color. The article will set out why your urine is bright yellow in women and what has caused this phenomenon.
Light yellow urine is an indicator of human health. The shade of this biological fluid may change significantly during the day, in the morning urine more saturated color, and in the afternoon it lighter.
Yellow color, the urine becomes due to the pigments, the main of which is urobilin, it is formed from its predecessor bilirubin in the liver. Further, the bilirubin with the bile enters the intestine, under the influence of microflora it breaks down to urobilin. Parallel forms urobilinogen. However, it stains the urine after its release into the environment.
Yellow urine color can be caused by different reasons.
The most common of these are:
- dehydration on the background of the disease;
- low fluid intake;
- climate change;
- medical illness (cardiac, kidney, liver, gall bladder);
- taking vitamins and medicines;
- hereditary factor;
- diseases of urinary system;
- the consumption of antibiotics, vitamins A, C and b;
- diseases that cause enhanced breakdown of red blood cells.
Almost all foods artificial production at the moment, have in their composition dyes. It can be sodas, candy, marmalade. They are able largely to do tint your urine a deep yellow.
The same property have many vegetable foods, they contain natural dyes. Such abilities have oranges, tangerines, carrots, pumpkin, parsley.
Some medicines (the group of five nitrofurans) in the process of applying to change the tone of the urinary fluids more intense. The same effect have the drugs in the composition of the shell which are pigmenting substances. About the influence of vitamins on the discoloration of urine will be described below.
Dehydration is one of the reasons for the changes in the color of urine
The rich color of urine occurs when a very large concentration, it happens in large water losses. For example, if a woman changed climate conditions is very hot. The result is due to the intense perspiration in the absence of adequate drinking regime change in the color of urine. The same principle becomes more yellow urine during physical exertion, when due to the sweat urine becomes too concentrated.
Diseases of the genitourinary system such as cystitis, which women because of their physiology (the urethra is short and wide in contrast to the male urethra) happens very often. In addition, bright yellow urine, a characteristic feature of this disease, is burning, frequent urination, lower abdominal pain, possibly fever, weakness.
Gastrointestinal infections accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, increased body temperature, profuse sweating. All this leads to a change of bodily fluid in the direction of a more dark and saturated color.
Pathology of the biliary system, resulting in a staining of urine in an intense yellow color is particularly common in women of middle age, inclined to corpulence.
A failure in the excretion of bile can be caused by the following diseases:
- infectious hepatitis (hepatitis A, b, C, D);
- hepatitis noninfectious (autoimmune, nutritional hepatitis);
- infectious mononucleosis;
- poisoning with paracetamol;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- tumors in this organ.
Also important is the role of inflammation of the bile ducts (cholangitis), pancreatitis, malignant neoplasms of the pancreas and bile ducts. In the clinical picture of these diseases include yellowing of the sclera, mucous membranes and skin.
Diseases that cause excessive breakdown of red blood cells, another reason too yellow urine. Among the most common are hemolytic and sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, Gilbert’s disease. When Gilbert’s syndrome is a violation of disposal of bilirubin accumulates in the body, causing various disorders, including deep yellow urine.
The most common signs of this disease are yellowness of sclera and skin.
Hemolytic anemia is also characteristic symptom is jaundice, as well as weakness, fatigue, enlarged spleen and pain in the left hypochondrium.
Such somatic diseases as liver cirrhosis, congestive heart failure, kidney disease cause of the fluid retained in the body, the formation of extensive swelling. That makes it a small quantity of urine, it acquires unusual rich color.
Another triggering factor can be laxatives for constipation. Such medicines lead to diarrhea and dehydration. Therefore, they also should bear in mind the appearance of bright yellow urine.
Heredity also plays a role in urinary fluid becomes lemon-colored. Some people have a higher tendency to scaling, salt give such a rich shade of urine. Leave it unattended, as this can lead to the development of kidney stones in the future.
In pregnant women, as we know, there is a serious adjustment in the body, it needs to work for two, to end many processes have not been studied.
The woman in the position of the all systems functioning in emergency mode, therefore changes in this period can be far from the expected. Urine during pregnancy can change color from lemon-yellow to brown.
But you should know that in the early stages the color of the urine should not be fundamentally different from what it was. A change of color of the fluid bladder is not a reason to panic. Often this phenomenon is due to the vitamin complexes, which are prescribed during pregnancy.
The most popular of them are Elevit, Vitrum Prenatal Forte. They contain vitamins A and C. they are able to give urine too bright a shade.
Also do not forget about antibiotic use, because they also have that property. Another reason may be the consumption of a pregnant of some products (carrots, pumpkin, citrus). Very often this is a reaction to ingested food, vitamins that are often prescribed to women in the state. If after a few days the color of the urinary fluid is not normal, you should consult a doctor. It is possible to miss a serious pathology.
Pregnant women need to be especially attentive to their personal wellbeing, not to miss the early signs of preeclampsia (nausea, vomiting, emotional lability)
Very often the presence of bright yellow urine tells about the toxicity, because in this pathology due to vomiting is dehydration. And if with toxemia fight hard, here is the replenishment of fluid lost, the mission is quite real.
Between the too light shade of urine is not the norm. This phenomenon testifies to the low concentration of this fluid. And this may be a symptom of diabetes, namely gestational it. He is accompanied by constant thirst, dryness in the mouth, a huge amount of output of uric fluid.
Another condition in which it is possible to observe very yellow urine is breastfeeding. This is a big expense with the purpose of production of milk.
In his usual state of people per day lose one to two liters of fluid, and when feeding, this number becomes much more. And if a woman does not make up for the required volume, urinary fluid becomes very concentrated urine stands out a little.
It is therefore important to observe the correct drinking regime during breast-feeding. To use as drinking in such a situation it is best water, green and herbal teas.
During lactation women need to avoid foods that can color urine, since most of them are allergens
What to do?
If there is a situation in which the urine became very yellow in the first place is to perform your way of life. You need to remember what foods were eaten recently, is whether taking vitamins and medicines, how much fluid per day is used?
It is necessary to cancel the use of drugs, vitamin complexes. To establish the mode of drinking, remember that day the body requires no less than two liters of water. It is advisable to use simple purified water, herbal teas. If a few days after the taken events not urine became normal color, you should visit a doctor. To handle such a problem as our General practitioner or directly to a urologist.
Before the visit try to remember the composition of his menu, the presence of physical activity, intake of drugs, frequency of vomiting and diarrhea if available. This will greatly facilitate the diagnosis.
The doctor after a detailed survey to confirm the diagnosis, will prescribe a urine test, and if necessary, ultrasound examination of small pelvis organs. In accordance with the diagnosis will be prescribed treatment.
Each person must closely monitor their sexual health, preventing the development of infectious diseases. Another measure of prevention is the timely emptying of the bladder, should not tolerate the urge, because it can lead to undesirable consequences.
It is important to properly and regularly carry out genital hygiene. The woman must know that you need to wash from front to back, not Vice versa. Thus, it minimizes the infection of the vagina with E. coli.
Timely visit to a gynecologist and routine inspections will also help to prevent disease.
But perhaps most important is a proper way of life. Selectively treat from food intake, avoid foods with dyes, give preference to natural food. Do not use alcohol and nicotine. These simple rules can help you to keep health.
Adequate supply of fluid in the body to prevent dehydration
Any deviations in the functioning of the body require attention. Urine is an important liquid, composition, color, and quantity which can tell a lot about human health. Therefore, be careful not to ignore changes in the color of urine. Such vigilance will prevent the development of disease. Be well.