The main feature of the calculus is that it cannot be removed at home. Hard deposits literally grow into the enamel, opening the access of microbes into the dentin and causing further occurrence of dental caries, periodontitis, gingivitis. Cleaning Tartar on the teeth is performed only in clinics or dental offices with the help of special equipment.
Tartar is a conglomerate, consisting of insoluble salts of phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium. First on the enamel forms a soft plaque, which under the action of enzymes of saliva and microscopic food debris begins to harden. Outwardly, it looks as untidy strips or spots of brown, yellow and even orange.
The rapid formation of the stone contributes to Smoking, drinking strong tea and coffee, as well as insufficient oral hygiene. Gradually, the enamel becomes rough, appears bad breath. While the most dangerous is the appearance of deposits in the subgingival pockets is a direct cause of periodontal disease and further tooth loss.
Important. Remote tooth won’t grow back.
The principle of ultrasonic cleaning
Removal of Tartar with ultrasound is based on the destructive effect of high-frequency waves on solid deposits. The procedure is carried out using special nozzles, scaler.
The directed action of waves explains the fact that the stone is crumbling before our eyes, turning into powder. Simultaneous flow of water washes away the plaque and cools the tooth, relieving the discomfort.
The main advantage of the method is that by using a scaler to clean subgingival pockets. Laser and chemical cleaning such possibility do not give. Another important point – the bactericidal action. Under the action of ULTRASONIC waves killed pathogenic bacteria causing damage to your teeth and diseases of the oral cavity.
Harmful teeth cleaning by ultrasound
Hygienic cleaning teeth with ultrasound has no negative impact on the human body and recognised absolutely harmless. Only, there are a number of restrictions under which to carry it out is not recommended.
Ultrasonic cleaning is compulsory procedure in front of the prosthesis, installation of braces and implants. Suffering from periodontitis also recommended to visit the dentist or hygienist twice a year.
Signs of plaque:
- visible plaque on the enamel – primarily occur on the inner surfaces of the teeth, as well as on basal part;
- bad breath in the absence of a patients teeth due to the process of vital activity of pathogenic bacteria;
- inflammation, bleeding, swelling of the gums;
- the emergence of distinct pricesnew pockets.
Important. Upon detection of these symptoms should immediately consult a doctor.
The pros and cons of removing the plaque by ultrasound
Procedure ultrasonic Tartar removal has significant advantages in comparison with other ways of cleaning teeth. It is less traumatic than mechanical removal of sediments, and more functional than chemical and laser treatment. After cleaning, the enamel acquires a natural color that allows you to choose an implant or filling as close as possible to the desired shade.
In most cases, dentists prefer the of ultrasonic method. In one procedure a doctor can fully treat all the teeth, including subgingival pockets that ensures complete removal of solid deposits.
The main advantages of the procedure are:
- high-quality processing of tooth surfaces, including fissures, without damaging the enamel;
- removal of solid deposits from even the most hard-to-reach places;
- painless procedure;
- treatment of periodontal pockets;
- bactericidal effect complete destruction of pathogenic microflora.
It also makes sense to speak about the prevention of dental caries, periodontitis, of inflammatory diseases of the gums and teeth, as well-polished enamel prevents the rapid settling of sediments.
Important. The procedure does not cause allergic reactions, especially for asthmatics and Allergy sufferers.
Perhaps the only drawback of the procedure – light pain of sensitive teeth. In such cases, the doctor uses a local anesthetic in gel form. The disadvantages include the presence of contraindications in the patient.
Like brushing my teeth with ultrasound: stages
The first step is to come to the dentist. Everything else will do the doctor.
The procedure is performed in several stages:
- the application of anesthetic gel on the surface of teeth when necessary;
- directly removal of Tartar from the enamel;
- treatment of subgingival pockets;
- polishing with a special paste;
- polishing – at the request of the patient.
The stone is removed under the action of the scaler with simultaneous application of a jet of water.
Modern techniques involve the use of ultrasound along with a method of Air-Flow. After you have removed solid deposits it is possible to treat teeth of the water-abrasive mixture under pressure. Microscopic crystals of soda even penetrate interdental space, good clean hard to reach places, Polish the enamel.
The combined use of ultrasound and Air-Flow leads to a perfect result. The surface of the teeth becomes smooth, disappearing deposits, the teeth look well groomed, smile – beautiful.
Important. Not worth it uncontrollably (and control too) to RUB your teeth soda powder. This case you are guaranteed a thinning of the enamel, but the deposits will remain in place.
How long is the procedure
Ultrasonic cleaning takes about 40-60 minutes. During this time, the doctor manages to alternately treat the surfaces of all teeth and remove Tartar. In very advanced cases the procedure is performed in several stages. The order of actions is determined by the physician, but usually the first shoot is particularly “terrible” education.
Does it hurt to brush your teeth with ultrasound
The procedure is considered painless, but may cause some discomfort for sensitive enamel. If the patient has high pain threshold, he could do without anesthesia. But in most cases, the dentist applies the teeth with a special gel. Also reduce pain promotes the flow of water to the tooth when exposed to a scaler.
Will it hurt your teeth after brushing
No, no and no. On the contrary, without exception, all patients reported an extraordinary freshness in the mouth after the procedure. If we can say – even a sense of ease. The removed sediments do not put pressure on the enamel, lost the feeling of tension in the teeth.
When exposed to a scaler and water-abrasive mixture under pressure is massage the gums. In soft tissues, normalizes blood circulation, which also provides a significant comfort in your mouth.
In General, ultrasonic cleaning is great. Making it at least once, you will be required to the dentist every six months. Mind you, to come with pleasure.
A significant drawback of the procedure – the presence of contraindications. The doctor will inquire whether you have disease or prosthetic, the presence of which implies the denial of a cleaning.
Contraindications in this case are:
- acute bronchitis, asthma.
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels, implanted cardiac pacemaker;
- infectious diseases, including SARS;
- the first trimester of pregnancy;
- the presence of implants, bridges, braces;
- a separate line – epilepsy, hepatitis, HIV.
Also procedure is not recommended children in primary teeth.
Is it possible to clean the teeth with ultrasound during pregnancy
The best period for preventive cleaning second trimester of pregnancy. At this time, the child is protected by the placenta and is actively developing. The rapid growth of the skeletal system provokes tooth decay at mom’s, so we need to do our best to protect themselves.
Ultrasonic cleaning with the addition of Air-Flow is considered by specialists one of the best ways of prevention, as it allows to sanitize the oral cavity as efficiently as possible. Reduces the risk of tooth decay, allowing elementary to save teeth.
Before visiting a dentist, you must obtain permission from the gynecologist, as the decision is made individually, based on the state of women.
Important. Ultrasound does not affect the mother and child, does not cause allergies. The procedure is painless, well-being of mothers after the end of the session – excellent.
How much to remove Tartar with ultrasound
Price of cleaning depends on the amount of teeth that need to be processed, and the amount of solid deposits. The average price per unit ranges from 150-300 rubles.
If necessary, remove the Tartar will not be superfluous to ask about the prices and read reviews for the selected clinic. Typically in centers with an impeccable reputation you can get quality service at a reasonable cost.
Prevention of dental plaque
Important in the prevention of dental plaque – the correct hygiene of the oral cavity. Twice-daily brushing will help to remove soft plaque is formed, rinsing with special means disinfects the mouth.
One of the main requirements is regular (at least once a year, better every six months) visits to the dentist to conduct hygienic cleaning. Remove huge amounts of coffee, tea, nicotine.
And let your teeth will be healthy.