Osteochondrosis called the gradual breakdown of cartilage skeleton. Depending on localization, it is divided into cervical, lumbar and other varieties.
The pain syndrome in osteochondrosis of the lumbar can be of different types: from pulling to burning. The symptoms of this disease are many reasons, clarification of which will help to eliminate not only pain, but often the disease with timely treatment to the doctor.
The reasons for the development of the disease doctors include:
Since the risk of developing osteoarthritis are different profession and lifestyle of the people, it is important to be attentive to his condition. Need to try to identify the disease at early stages, in time to begin treatment. This can help regular checkup at the doctor.
The main symptoms of osteochondrosis
If the first symptoms of degenerative disc disease was ignored, the lower back starts to hurt more intensely, worsening General condition. Syndrome becomes burning and shooting character. Feeling the pain intensify with physical, emotional burden. Due to entrapment of nerve endings, the person may become incapacitated for some time.
The nature, intensity and duration of pain depend on the stage of the pathology. If the destructive process has just started to develop, people may not feel pronounced pain symptoms. A few manifestations of disease in the form of poor health, you can easily find an explanation in the form of fatigue, hypothermia and so on. But at this stage of the process of development of degenerative disc disease is reversible. And timely access to a doctor for help will allow you to completely restore the health of the spine.
The pain will be especially noticeable if you spend a long time standing or sitting, sneezing, coughing, talking. Lumbago can occur in any sharp or heavy traffic, giving to the legs, knees, sacrum, buttocks, stomach. The first time people can get relief during walking and rest lying down, as this reduces the load on the spine.
In disrepair, in addition to pain, people suffering from numbness of the limbs, paleness of skin, numbness of legs, urinary incontinence or loss of potency. The absence of a qualified treatment can lead to disability.
Principles of diagnosis
In addition to provide an overall picture of the disease based on the words of the patient and external examination of his condition, the doctor may use the following diagnostic methods:
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In addition, the doctor will try to determine manifestations are characteristic signs of osteoarthritis. Reveals among them the reflex of Lages. The doctor will ask the patient first to raise extended leg, and then bend it in the knee. The pathology will manifest itself if the first move will lead to a sensation of burning pain, and the second will ease the condition.
Another method of diagnosis is the study of reflex spondylitis. For this the patient needs to take such a position that the knees were straightened. Then applied a hard and flat object, which in case of violation of the structure of the cartilage lead to pain syndrome. Based on this, determines the stage of disease and optimal methods of treatment.
Methods of treatment of osteochondrosis
All used in osteochondrosis of lumbar Department funds aimed at achieving the following objectives:
- the elimination of the inflammatory process;
- the regeneration of cartilage tissue, if possible;
- stabilization of the emotional state of the person, which may be violated in the course of the disease.
To achieve the goals can be used in a wide range of drugs and treatments. But since the success of the therapy depends on the time of its beginning, it is not necessary to engage in the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar yourself. It is better to consult a doctor before the disease will go into a running state.
Although in the later stages to completely remove all the damage is impossible, the assigned treatment will ease pain caused by symptoms of disease, and restore locomotor activity.
In the diagnosis of degenerative disc disease treatment begins with prescription of multiple groups. First of all, it is pain relievers. Followed by capsules and tablets to combat inflammation. These include Aspirin, Diclofenac, Ketanov, and others.
A separate kind of medicines are chondroprotectors. In the early stages of the disease, they help to restore cartilage. In more severe diagnosis they are used to stop further destruction of the joints. This group includes symptoms, Voltaren, don and others.
In addition to exposure to the source of pain, the importance of General strengthening of the body. To this end, the doctor prescribes vitamins and immunomodulators. They can help to intensify the natural processes leading to the recovery or wellbeing.
Besides preparations for oral administration, a doctor can be assigned to external tools to relieve pain in osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. In addition to analgesic effect, they are able to increase metabolic process, to ensure adequate blood flow to the affected tissues, supplying them with enough nutrients.
If pathology is accompanied by severe pain, your doctor may decide on the appointment of painkillers in the form of injections. This will allow the active ingredients to provide faster action, bypassing the gastrointestinal tract. The injection is performed under the skin and intramuscularly to directly reach the roots of the nervous system of the spine.
In addition to the prescription drugs, the doctor will write out a direction on one of the following procedures in case of pain syndrome due to degenerative disc disease. Providing nourishment and blood flow to the affected area, they can enhance the effect of the treatment.
Such procedures are recommended:
- magnetic therapy;
- autogravitation therapy.
It helps in eliminating inflammation, relaxation of vertebrate tissues, reducing friction disks against each other, which is the ability to reduce pain.
Types of therapeutic massage
Another method to relieve the pain in osteochondrosis is considered to be massage. To improve the physical condition in the early stages, you can require 10 sessions, with a more severe violation of the doctor will make sure that their number was increased to 15. Manipulations are carried out in the supine position. First, the master works with the skin adjacent to the sore outbreak, and then starts to massage different areas of the muscles and spine.
When the diagnosis of osteochondrosis is not allowed the mechanical effects on the musculoskeletal system. Massage affects only soft tissue, but the zone of influence extends to the buttocks, thighs, and knees. At a strong pain syndrome the procedure is performed in a sparing mode. The intensity of the massage increases as you improve the health of the patient.
In this mode you can draw classic, vacuum and spot varieties of massage from pain. The specific type of impacts determined by a physician.
If lower back pain in osteochondrosis has not yet reached the point that it became difficult to walk, the problem can be solved by using compound exercises.
They can perform at home:
- The first task is performed standing. This requires one foot in a stretched condition to put on a hard surface, which is slightly above the knee level. In this position, you must perform stretching joint.
- Now you need to kneel, with emphasis on the hands in order to perform the bending of the back. This exercise is called “Cat and camel”.
- Following a number of assignments in osteochondrosis is performed from the position lying on the back. First, you need to bend your knees and put your hands under your head. The challenge lies in a vertical lifting and lowering of the pelvis.
- After this you need to lift the bent leg and try to press them to his chest. You can help yourself with hands.
- Now the bent leg is again back on the floor. The challenge is to turns the body right and left from the prone position.
- Without changing position, you must return your hands behind your head. You need to perform a separation of the upper torso from the floor as much as possible with further return to its original position.
- At the end of charging from the pain syndrome in osteochondrosis need to get back into position on his knees. Now you will need to simultaneously raise the upper and lower limbs. Thus, if working the right arm, with involvement of the left leg.
Doing these exercises every day, you can achieve significant improve the condition and relieve pain. But this should be done only with the permission of the attending physician.
Other ways to relieve the pain
The result prescribed by the doctor treatment is largely dependent on the personal efforts of the patient. During the course of and after him he should use some simple methods that will not allow the destruction process of cartilage renewal. So, it is necessary to monitor the posture and avoid prolonged static postures.
If the work or hobby involves prolonged sitting at a computer, it will be important to arrange short breaks. At this time, guests can do exercise or walk around the room. An important condition is the correct organization of the working table and a place to sleep. This will prevent the body from staying in uncomfortable positions, destroying the spine.
If the pain caught unawares, you can take advantage of some popular techniques. If the feelings do not bring strong discomfort, you want to lie on something flat and hard. Along the way, one must say the rollers with a diameter of 10-15 cm, which can be put under the legs, and lower back. Bending your knees, you need to lie down for at least 15 minutes. Then the pain usually passes.
Therapeutic effect have warming procedure. They are used in pronounced pain syndrome. You can use a warm scarf, a blanket, a hot water bottle or a heating pad. One of the selected appliances applied to the affected area of the body through clothing. If the pain travels to the legs, to conduct therapy need lying. To solve the problem, you can resort to self-massage, use of the patch to improve blood circulation. In a critical situation should call the doctor at home.
If causing the pain, the destruction of vertebral discs have reached the state that does not allow him to stop with traditional methods, the doctor may advise surgical intervention. In this case, the damaged joint is removed and replaced with an implant. Because this method involves a long recovery process, it is used by doctors only in extreme cases.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar refers to the diseases caused by a wide variety of reasons. And to eliminate the consequences of the disease, you must consult a doctor to identify and begin to heal the destructive process as early as possible.