Sacral kyphosis – one of the most common diseases of the spine, which is diagnosed in people of any age.
A small curvature in this area is considered a normal variant and is present in all. But all that goes beyond the norm, is considered a pathology and requires mandatory treatment. The reasons can be a variety of factors, and everything here depends on the age of the person.
For example, in the newborn, this pathology is associated with malformation of the spine. While there may be a coalescence of several vertebrae. The condition of the kid worsens as they grow up.
The second reason is surgery, which is performed when you remove the disc herniation. The spine is strongly curved forward. The back is not as elastic, disappear all natural curves.
Also causes can be considered:
- Degenerative arthritis.
- Tuberculosis of the spine.
- Tumors, both benign and malignant.
- Paralysis of the back.
Stage of development
Sacrococcygeal kyphosis is formed in three stages. In the first stage to correct the defect easier. In this pathological inclination angle is not more than 28 degrees. To suspend the further development of the pathology, the patient must perform some gymnastic exercises, massage and physiotherapy, which will be prescribed by your doctor.
In the second stage, the tilt angle can reach up to 40 degrees. Here for getting rid of the disease will have to use the services of a chiropractor and some time to spend in the hospital, to pull the spine with the help of specially selected methods.
The right treatment helps to normalize not only the vertebrae, but the muscles that are in good shape. The only way to get rid of the disease and return the spine to its original state.
The third stage requires the whole liability on the part of the patient, and also extensive experience of the doctor. Most often, treatment involves medications.
The fourth stage is considered the most dangerous. Here in most cases to correct posture is necessary to resort to surgery.
Kyphosis of the lumbosacral spine is diagnosed mainly by means of radiography. In the pictures it is well visible, what is the curvature as suffered themselves vertebrae and are there any other related diseases, for example, osteochondrosis.
In more complex cases may require additional procedures such as CT or MRI of the back. The obtained images will become more clear how it affected other parts of the spine and is there a cure for a disease only conservative method.
How to get rid of
Treatment begins after an accurate diagnosis. It is best to visit not only trauma, but also a podiatrist, chiropractor and neurologist. The only way to get a complete picture of the condition of the patient’s back.
Treatment is mainly conservative. It is based on the prescribing of calcium and vitamin D. This will help to strengthen the bones, and therefore, further deterioration of the spine can be prevented. Also patient is prescribed hormonal drugs and drugs that relieves pain.
Obligatorily wearing a corset, which is written and selected only by the doctor. It is advisable to order according to their size, as small or large will not benefit, no.
Outside the period of exacerbation is recommended to do massage. It helps to strengthen not only the back but the whole body that have a positive impact on the healing process.
To do without physiotherapy. This will help to improve blood circulation in the muscles and cartilage, reduce the pressure when crimping and will remove many unpleasant sensations that may appear in this pathology.
Finally, patients who were given this diagnosis, it is necessary to do gymnastics. Exercises should be chosen according to the advice of a doctor, and the first few sessions be sure to attend special groups and carry out training under the supervision of a specialist. In the future you can do at home.
If within three months of conservative therapy does not bring any results, the patient’s condition is only getting worse, and pain increases, then it is recommended to carry out surgical treatment.
The operation is carried out in several stages, and after the installation of metal kyphosis can be completely fixed.