The joints of the hands sick: the main causes of pain and methods of treatment

Pain in joints is a symptom of many diseases, which differ in the cause and mechanism of development. Every disease eliminated defined therapeutic techniques. Correct diagnosis allows to start adequate treatment.

The process of cartilage repair in the hands of capable to heal and become chronic. This indicates incorrect therapeutic tactics. Many diseases are different non-specific symptoms, which complicates diagnosis.

The main factors influencing the development of pain syndrome

The causes of the pain syndrome often associated with many diseases of the joints. Because of the lack of specific manifestations to make a diagnosis and prescribe treatment becomes difficult.

To diseases, accompanied by pain syndrome include:

  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • gout;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • the polyosteoarthrosis;
  • arthritis.
Ailments Their manifestations
Rheumatoid arthritis. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system perceives the body’s own cells as foreign and begins to deal with them. Pathology occurs at any age, affects the cartilage in the hands and feet. The most susceptible to adverse process, persons 25-30 years. In the absence of therapeutic effects, deformation of joints with loss of mobility.
Gout. Is accompanied by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the cartilage. Why develop this disorder? Pathology often fixed people who prefer meat products. The symptoms of gout manifest in excruciating pain, with the development of gouty lumps. Strengthening the clinical manifestations recorded in the night time.
Osteoarthritis. Develops as a result of wear of the joints. Often recorded in the elderly. The pain occurs in hands, fingers, shoulder and elbow cartilage.
The polyosteoarthrosis. Accompanied by clear pathological changes in the bones. Initially suffer cartilage, the process then covers the joints. Pathology common in older people. The main causes of the disease are associated with heavy load imposed on the cartilage. The risk of polyosteoarthrosis of the hand is increased in the presence of diabetes.
Arthritis. Represents an infection of the joint. This is a common disease, the causes of which are associated with the penetration of an infection into organism. There are two main forms of pathology: acute and chronic. Their main differences are location of pain and its severity.

Secondary causal development of unpleasant manifestations are considered to be injuries. Fractures, dislocations and sprains are often accompanied by pain. Additional symptoms include redness, swelling and limited mobility of the affected cartilage.

To determine the adverse factor resulting in the development of pain, it is advisable to seek medical help.

First appearance of pain

If a negative symptom is manifested spontaneously, without injury to the joint, perhaps the reason lies in the pathology of connective tissue. To make an accurate diagnosis alone is not possible. This should be entrusted to experienced specialist. Temporarily stop the pain, will help painkillers.

Minimal number of side effects have drugs local action, among them include ointments, gels and creams. Good effect different drugs based on diclofenac. They cropped pain and eliminate inflammation. Means of local action are applied to the skin in the affected joint.

In some cases, use of medication in tablet form. They increase the effect and accelerate the healing process. Use tools with caution and only under the supervision of a specialist. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) adversely affect the operation of the gastrointestinal tract.

If the cause of pain due to injury, you should immediately consult a doctor. Independently reduce a dislocation impossible. If the joints are swollen, this will solve the problem specialist, to go to which you need immediately. The affected area is necessary to immobilize to prevent worsening the situation.

Symptoms cartilage can appear suddenly. At this stage it is necessary to exclude severe injury and begin anesthesia. All this is done at home, after which the victim should go to the hospital.

Drug effects on the cause of the pain

What to do if there is pain in the joints? This is a real problem for everyone. Unpleasant symptom constrains the movement and prevents a normal life. The usual things, including doing up buttons become a daunting task. For the return of motor activity used complex therapy. The treatment is based on medication and special exercises.

Drugs eliminate the pain and restore the mobility of the hands. The main means are the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They are widely used for the relief of acute inflammatory process. It is recommended to use the funds in the form of ointments. This tactic reduces the likelihood of side reactions. The most popular of the ointment is diclofenac, voltaren, finigan and Ketonal. NSAIDs are used in tablet form, but only in extreme cases.

Often suffer from cartilage due to autoimmune processes developing in the body. To arrest the main manifestations of the disease will help glucocorticosteroid hormones. They are released in the form of ointments, tablets and gels. Popular drugs are hydrocortisone, dexamethasone and prednisolone. They are forbidden to use during pregnancy, any form of release.

It is important to combine drugs together. To improve the therapeutic effect it is recommended that comprehensive use of tablets gels. To treat developed disease is prohibited, it can aggravate the situation.

Additional methods of influence

An important role in the treatment process is played by physiotherapy. They provide General and local action on the affected area. The main techniques used for the hands are:

  • electrosleep;
  • electrophoresis;
  • microwave resonance therapy.

Such influence allows to achieve a positive result. In periods of remission, the treatment is massage, manual therapy and exercises. If the cartilage is hurt badly, resort to folk methods. Alternative medicine improves the effect obtained from drug effects. Popular methods to abuse is not recommended.

At home helps the infusion based on the colors of chestnut and lilac. Ingredients filled with alcohol and infused for 14 days. The resulting tincture is applied to the affected parts of your hands. During exacerbation of the disease is used infusion of leaves and berries cranberries. It is highly recommended not to use it during pregnancy.

With the development of ALROSA it is necessary to take not only pills but eat right. Exception fatty, spicy and salty food will reduce the amount of salt in the body. It will favorably affect the inflammatory process and lead to its reduction. For the health and beauty of hands is recommended to abandon bad habits, including Smoking and alcohol consumption.

Physical therapy for joint disease

To remove the pathology may not only folk practices and traditional medicine, but also the correct exercises. To treat the disease you must work with an experienced professional. Independently perform exercise without their physician’s approval is not recommended. They are selected individually, depending on the condition of the patient.

Therapeutic exercises are aimed at restoring physical activity. Standard exercises start with a warm up, it is recommended to carefully develop your fingers. To this end, the hands tightly clench into a fist, and then straightened. Repeat the action required four times for each limb.

Gymnastics involves the stretching of the brush. The palm in flexion is applied to a flat surface, then slowly straightened. Exercises are complemented by special items, which are well compressed in the hand.

Упражнения для рук

If, as a consequence of gymnastic movements with the joints swelling, you must inform your doctor. Specialist must evaluate show signs and assign a different treatment policy. Independently to Supplement the set of exercises is not recommended.

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