The formation and excretion of urine it is extremely important for the human body, as this ensures the preservation of homeostasis and life. Of urine removed all unnecessary and harmful, it is a “reflection” of the condition of almost all internal organs.
Examining the urine, you can learn not only about the presence of diseases of the urinary system, but also about the pathologies of other systems and organs. Daily quantity of urine, one-time volume, color, transparency – all these parameters are evaluated first. Among them is an option, as the smell of urine. Although it is not reflected in the results of the analysis of urine, its evaluation is as important diagnostic value, such as turbidity or color shade.
Why smells like urine
If a person is healthy, the smell of urine has a characteristic hue. It is not unpleasant and saved some time. Further, if you collect the urine in a container, its smell begins to change. Contact with oxygen leads to oxidation reactions, resulting in chemical components of this biological fluid begins to disintegrate with the formation of ammonia. It therefore appears sharp unpleasant smell of urine, after standing for some time in a capacity similar to ammonia. The same property is true for not well cleaned after urine containers, soiled linen and clothing of patients with incontinence.
This regular change of smell of urine depends on the diet of the person. Newborn baby consuming breast milk or artificial formulas, allocates urine frequently, in small portions. The liquid is transparent, almost colourless and has a characteristic odour, typical adult. But gradually, with alternate introduction of different complementary foods (vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy products, meat and fish), the child’s body becomes accustomed to the traditional food, and the urine gets its normal characteristics: becomes light yellow and after the oxidation begins to smell like ammonia.
The smell of urine of an infant being breastfed can affect what food eats his mother. Onions, garlic, meats, fish and seafood can not only change the taste of breast milk, but also affect the characteristics of urine.
The use of onions and garlic will affect the rate of urine
Unpleasant smell of urine, different from the usual, may be caused by the consumption of certain foods or medicines. In addition, the gain characteristic of urinary hue can occur when the critical state of dehydration when the liquid concentration increases. The color also becomes more saturated, and one-time number is reduced.
If the urine smells unusual, it is first necessary to rule out any physical causes listed above. Exception unusual body food products or having a sharp odor, and elimination rate of some medications leads after some time to normalize all of the characteristics of urine.
For example, the appointment of drugs from the group of nitrofurans (furazolidone, furadonin, furagin), providing sanitizing and antimicrobial effect on the urinary tract and the intestines, makes the color of your urine a deep yellow, close to orange, and its smell is similar to the “pharmacy”. This fact should alert the patient, as all nitrofurans mainly are excreted through the kidneys, while cleansing the urinary tract from infection. After the cessation of treatment, the urine again becomes light yellow, transparent, having a faint characteristic odor.
But there are situations when the parameters of the urine are not changed due to natural causes, as a result of the development of certain diseases. In these cases it plays the role of an indicator or reflection of negative processes in the body, and its study, including identification of the odor of urine can provide important diagnostic information. Therefore, if you change the smell of urine, no new foods or medicines should be faster to consult a specialist for advice.
Some medications can change the color and smell of urine
Talking about peculiar smell
Identification of a smell is largely a subjective process and depends on the perception of the patient or his surrounding relatives. Some diseases can change the sense of smell, pritupov or distorting it, so the evaluation of the odor of urine should be comprehensive. But most patients noted features of his urine adequately, which is an essential primary diagnostic criterion, as after some time the initial characteristics of urine may change.
Diseases in which the urine smells bad, is manifested not only by a change of smell. Others may be parameters such as color hue, transparency, acidity, specific gravity. The patient developed various pathological symptoms, which are based diagnosis of disease. But the assessment of the urine smell can significantly help doctor in his work.
All the diseases and conditions that change the figure can be represented as follows:
- endocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus);
- of metabolic disorders, including fermentopathy (phenylketonuria);
- infection urinary channels;
- the presence of fistulas between the intestine and the urinary tract;
- pregnancy, early period after birth.
Each group includes several diseases, which are bad smell urine or in the early stages, or later. It can be poorly expressed and to be felt with difficulty, but there are situations when it becomes significant. On such cases, when urine starts to smell strongly and sharply, you can read in this article.
Pathology in which it may change and become strange smell of urine, are slightly different from women, men and children. Therefore, a more logical and easier to understand to consider every unusual tint of the smell separately and to note the conditions and diseases that are characterized by them.
Hormones during pregnancy affects the smell of urine
What does abnormal smell of urine
It’s a fairly common endocrine disease like diabetes has a variety of symptoms. Disruption of the normal activity of the pancreas, leading to a lack of insulin in the body, primarily affects the metabolism of glucose. We all know that foods subjected to the action of gastric juice and digestive enzymes that eventually break up into glucose, water and other substances. For glucose metabolism responds to the insulin, so its deficiency leads to the accumulation of huge quantity of sugar in the blood. Then, the filtrating in the kidneys, sweet blood pays part of the glucose and the urine.
The sugar molecules pass freely through a three-stage filtration system of the kidneys, are not subject to the reverse absorption in the tubules, which determines the presence of this substance in urine. Normally, the urine test for sugar should be negative, and its appearance definitely changes characteristics such as the density of urine, colour and smell. Due to the presence of the “extra” molecules the density of the urine may increase slightly, the color may become more intense, with altered and normal smell.
Of the usual smell is sweet, sugary and does not disappear even after settling, the urine. If a diabetic patient manages to soak the clothes or linen, the smell, clean Laundry, long stays sweet without attaching ammonium shade.
Without proper use of insulin change the smell of urine is a sign of a dangerous condition
Such characteristics are observed during conditions when the blood sugar is not yet off the charts and remains within a certain range. But with diabetes, without the provision of timely medical care and regular insulin, can occur this life-threatening condition, such as hyperglycemia. A huge amount of glucose in the blood, without undergoing disintegration with the help of insulin, begins to metabolize the other way, with the formation of ketone bodies. Formed ketoacidosis, which can result in ketoatsidoticheskaya diabetic coma and death of patient. While not characteristic sweetish smell of urine, and the sharp smell of acetone. The smell of not only urine, but also the whole patient felt the smell on his breath that emanates from the skin.
The smell of acetone, or acidic urine smell, similar to vinegar, can be observed not only in severe forms of diabetes, but also in other States when there is a failure in metabolism. So, acetone shade of urine can be during prolonged starvation, severe dehydration, severe intoxication syndrome, in some cases when pregnancy is accompanied by severe toxicity early or late periods.
If the smell resembles rotten eggs and feels like a stench, then it can cause a severe infection of the kidney and urinary channels. A shade is often formed when urine begins to flow pus, which has a fetid or putrid odor because of the huge amount contained in it of dead cells and microorganisms. Inflammatory processes, accompanied by formation of large amounts of pus are called nonspecific or specific microflora and can be localized in the tissues of the kidney (pyelonephritis, pyelitis), in the bladder or urethra (cystitis, urethritis). In addition, the urine may acquire a putrid smell in women in cases where infection affects not only the urinary tract but also the genital tract. During urination pus from the vagina mixed with urine.
Bladder cancer will affect the properties of urine
There are other diseases in which the urine smells sharp and unpleasant. Thus, the formation of malignant tumors in the bladder, rarely in the kidney, in the later stages of tumor development will lead to the disintegration of its own tissues. The result of the decaying fragments of mucosa or muscle layer of the bladder fall into the urine, giving it an extremely unpleasant fetid odor and turbidity, as well as the blood, white blood cells, a huge number of epithelial and specialized cells.
The same smell of urine has a rare disease, when as a result of injury, disease or failed surgical interventions formed fistula between the intestine and urinary tract. The contents of the intestine, with a huge number of different microflora, inevitably falls into the urine, giving it a fecal “aroma”. In addition, developing this inflammatory process contributes to the further destruction of the structures of the urinary channels.
If urine the so-called “mouse” smellor musty, then you should think about the possibility of enzymopathies in particular, phenylketonuria. This disease is congenital, associated with impaired metabolism of phenylalanine, characterized by specific symptoms. Along with neurological signs and a failure in mental development, manifested in the first months after the birth of a sick child, the characteristic smell of urine also becomes the first criterion for the diagnosis of this severe pathology.
In other enzymopathies urine smells like “sweaty feet”, sauerkraut, honey (maple syrup disease), rotten fish (metabolism of trimethylamine), hops. Some patients with enzymopathies note that their urine smells of smoked or roasted seeds.
How to get the smell of urine
If the change is natural “flavor” urine associated with the disease, to get rid of it is often quite difficult. In diabetes, for example, some glucose will always be contained in the urine, which will be determined by her sweet tone. It is important to prevent the appearance of ketoacidosis. When enzymopathies can somewhat adjust and normalize abnormal smell by prescribing or exclusion from the diet of certain foods. If changes have occurred as a result of development of infectious processes, to remove a bad tint through comprehensive treatment. After the end of the year, and the relief of all pathological symptoms, the smell of urine completely normalized.
Many patients and their loved ones, are concerned about how to remove the smell of urine, for example, clothes or furniture. Often this problem becomes very relevant, especially if the family has small children or a sick elderly person.
You can use the following recommendations:
- before washing stuff rinse in clean water;
- use stronger detergents;
- urine from upholstery or carpet immediately clean up dry;
- to treat the soiled area with vinegar, potassium permanganate, citric acid or iodine, rinse with clean water and dry.
Applying these tips, you can get rid of from both the traces of urine of a healthy person and remove unpleasant and pungent smell, which appeared in various diseases.