Probably, everyone had to feel the heaviness in the kidneys. This symptom is quite dangerous and it is necessary to pay due attention. So you can show as SARS, and neoplasms. What could be the reason for such feelings, how to behave and where to go will be discussed in detail in our article.
Why it may be heaviness in the kidneys?
The reasons for this pathological condition are very many, here will be listed the main ones:
- inflammation of the kidneys (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis);
- kidney stones;
- anomalies in the structure of the urinary system congenital nature;
- the abnormal location of the kidney (nephroptosis dystopia or innate) that entails malfunction of the body with subsequent stagnation and, as a consequence, pain;
- pregnancy (uterus grows and puts pressure on the kidneys);
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- neoplasms benign and malignant origin.
- when the pain in the location of the right kidney, may suggest appendicitis, the discomfort spreads to the lower back;
- when the pain in the left pair on, you should pay attention to the possibility of pancreatitis or inflammatory process in the intestine;
Also a nagging pain in the kidneys may indicate pathology of the gallbladder, hernia and problems in the sexual sphere.
To determine the exact cause will help a detailed survey by the doctor-nephrologist
What symptoms can accompany the absence of pain?
Those symptoms that accompany the absence of pain in the kidneys depends on the underlying causes of the disease. Inflammation may be accompanied by pain a rise in body temperature, disruption of the normal act of the urinary tract, you may experience pain and burning during urination.
It also adds the syndrome of intoxication (weakness, fatigue, headache, nausea). If the kidney is severe inflammation. The urine may acquire a distinctive color (the color of meat slops in glomerulonephritis).
The important point is the appearance of pulling pain after a person ill with an infectious disease of the respiratory system. After all, this is evidence of pyelonephritis. With chronic inflammation the symptoms are more vague.
Kidney stones ka the cause of pathology
We should also specify a disease like urolithiasis. If it is possible to notice the sand in the urine, pain dull character in the region of the kidneys. However, if there is aggravation (renal colic), pain syndrome becomes unbearable character. Also, when kidney stones in the urine may appear blood.
Do not throw off from accounts and causes of neurological nature that mimic kidney disease. So, can manifest themselves, vertebrogenic lumboischalgia. To differentiate the doctor will examination of the patient, and also using tests. However, the most common causes are pulling pain nephroptosis and hydronephrosis, consider their symptoms in detail.
Nephroptosis is a lowering of the kidneys. Its causes can be rapid weight loss, intense exercise, labors, trauma, congenital malformations. Most often the affected kidney is nephroptosis on the right.
The main manifestation is a nagging pain at the location of the kidneys, it is transient in nature may disappear altogether. During the attack may be diarrhea or conversely, constipation. The patient has no desire to eat, he was exhausted. Can increase the body temperature, disturbed sleep. Can also dizzy, vomiting. Suspect nephroptosis can in the presence of one of the reasons for its occurrence.
Pain occurs when this disease because of disorders of urine outflow
This pathology is an extension of the Cup-pelvis-plating system. Usually due to violation of the outflow of urine. In the cavity of the kidney accumulate a large amount of bladder fluid, it increases pressure. Body increases, the fabric becomes more thin. The hydronephrosis is a fertile ground for the development of infection and formation of stones.
Typically, this process is unilateral, more often, he observed the beautiful half of humanity. Hydronephrosis often accompany pregnancy because the growing uterus compresses the ureter, thereby obstructing outflow of urine. Also, this illness is accompanied by irregular mochevyvodjashie, hypertension.
To understand the root cause pulling pain in the kidneys will help experienced specialist. First he’ll ask about the presence of concomitant complaints, about the time of origin of the discomfort. He also will examine the patient.
Must point in the correct diagnosis are laboratory tests, namely:
- General analysis of blood;
- biochemical analysis of blood;
- urine analysis according to Nechyporenko.
Of instrumental techniques important are ultrasound of the kidneys, an x-ray. Sometimes you need magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. Less likely to use scintigraphy, biopsy, urography.
Treatment depends entirely on what the diagnosis put by the doctor. If we are talking about the inflammatory process in the kidney, the treatment is based on antibiotic therapy, it also prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, means for the improvement of blood supply in the kidneys.
When tumors generally carry out surgical treatment. In case of malignancy, and receive chemotherapy or radiolucent.
Hydronephrosis is mainly treated promptly
As for nephroptosis, here are two approaches to treatment. First a conservative approach is wearing a supportive brace, wear it in the morning and wear until bedtime. In addition, prescribed massage, Spa treatment.
The second is surgery. It is carried out in complicated nephroptosis. Complications can be hypertension, urolithiasis, and pyelonephritis. The operation consists of attaching the kidney in the right place (nephropexy).
Hydronephrosis also treated conservatively and efficiently, depends on the approach to the treatment and the stage of the disease. The conservative method includes the administration of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, hypotensive, sorbents.
More often, however, resort to surgery, which aims to eliminate the factor that caused the hydronephrosis. For example, use ureterolithotripsy at stones that cause hydronephrosis. Urolithiasis is used either medical approach, or operational (crushing of stones). Nagging pain in the kidneys should not be ignored, when they occur, immediately consult a doctor.